Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17 Kennedy Administration 1960-1963. Kennedy becomes president First televised debates 1960 Nixon was recovering from illness, look pale and thin."— Presentation transcript:
Kennedy becomes president First televised debates 1960 Nixon was recovering from illness, look pale and thin Kennedy had just returned from vacation in California, was tan and well rested Radio listeners thought Nixon won debate Those watching TV gave Kennedy the edge
Kennedy becomes president Kennedy wins election Age 43, youngest elected president First (& only) Catholic president
Foreign Policy Bay of Pigs 1961 CIA trains 1,000 Cuban refugees goal to inspire Cuban people to rise up against Castro’s communist regime Refugees attack Cuba at Bay of Pigs Attack failed
Foreign Policy Vienna Conference Kennedy invited Khrushchev to a conference in Vienna in 1961 Goal to reduce tensions Khrushchev demands the U.S. recognize East Germany, withdraw from West Berlin
Foreign Policy Berlin Crisis Kennedy called up reserve troops, launched a program to build nuclear shelters, began troop build up in West Germany Khrushchev threatened to mobilize Soviet troops
Foreign Policy Berlin Wall Khrushchev responded by closing all crossing points between east and west Berlin Within hours 25,000 east German troops were guarding hastily build barbed wire barrier to West Berlin Replaced with permanent structure
Foreign Policy Cuban Missile Crisis 1962- US learns USSR plans to build missile bases in Cuba Kennedy blockades Cuba to prevent Soviet ships from delivering missiles For 13 days Soviet ships approached Cuba US citizens lived in fear that war would start 550 bombers, armed with nuclear weapons, put on alert 100,000 U.S. troops assembled in Georgia
Foreign Policy Cuban Missile Crisis As Soviet ships neared the blockade, they turned back Soviets agreed to destroy bases and remove missiles US agreed not to invade Cuba Closest the world has come to nuclear war
Warm Up: How did the Cold War shape the foreign policy of JFK?
Foreign Policy Peace Corps - Volunteers to Asia, Africa and Latin America to work with people in different countries to improve health care, farming and education. Alliance for Progress - build schools, housing, roads, hospitals, power plants in Latin America.
Foreign Policy Continued nuclear arms build up Developed strategy of flexible response Strengthen non-nuclear forces Give the nation other options instead of nuclear weapons in crisis
Domestic Policy New Frontier- Kennedy’s plans for changing the nation. Help the poor -reduce taxes to fight unemployment -Raise minimum wage -Retrain unemployed workers Many of Kennedy’s proposals were blocked in Congress -Conservative Southern Democrats joined with Republicans in opposition. Kennedy’s narrow victory in 1960 denied him a clear mandate, or authorization to act.
Space Race 1957 USSR launched first satellite, Sputnik 1960- JFK Promised US on Moon by 1970 NASA established 1962 John Glenn first American to circle the earth 1969 Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldridge land on the moon
The Warren Court Supreme Court, headed by chief Justice Earl Warren, made a series of important rulings during the Kennedy administration.
Case Studies 1.Baker v. Carr (1962) 2.Westbury v. Sanders (1964) 3.Reynolds v Sims (1964) 4.Mapp v. Ohio (1961) 5.Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) 6.Miranda v. Arizona (1966) 7.Engel v. Vitale (1962) See r22-r29 in your textbooks
Each group is responsible for providing written answers the following questions: 1.What was the background of the case? 2.What did the Supreme Court decide? 3.What was the significance of the ruling? Your group will then come up with a creative way to demonstrate the case to your classmates. Your presentation should answer the three questions.
Assassination 11/23/1963 Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald Oswald shot by Jack Ruby while be transferred to county jail Warren Commission investigates assassination, rules Oswald and Ruby acted alone
LBJ becomes President After the assassination of Kennedy, his VP, Lyndon Baines Johnson became President LBJ promised to carry out the agenda of JFK
War on Poverty LBJ declared a War on Poverty in 1964 Congress passed Economic Opportunity Act Job Corps - work training programs for unemployed youth Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA)- domestic version of Peace Corps
The Great Society The Great Society - Outlined the domestic goals of President Johnson
The Great Society Social Reforms and elimination of poverty Health Care -Medicaid- program that provides health care fo the poor -Medicare- program that provides health care for the elderly Federal funding for education Mass transit Environmental standards National Endowments of the Arts Public Broadcasting