Presentation on theme: "Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 20, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green."— Presentation transcript:
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute March 20, 2014 A/A.P. U.S. History Mr. Green
Objectives: Students will: Explain and analyze America’s turn toward social conservatism and normalcy following World War I. Describe the cultural conflicts of the 1920s over such issues as immigration, cultural pluralism, and prohibition; and describe the rise of organized crime during the decade. Describe the rise of Protestant Fundamentalism and its apparent defeat in the landmark Scopes Trial. AP Focus Concerned about the success of the Bolshevik Revolution, the United States, Britain, and other nations send troops to participate in the Russian Civil War in the hope of toppling Lenin’s communist government. Domestically, a systematic effort to suppress Bolsheviks, or reds, is launched. A political cartoon in The American Pageant (13 th ed., p. 721/14 th ed., p. 771) makes it abundantly clear that leftists have no place in American life. Intolerance grows in the nation after World War I. A new and more virulent nativist strain emerges in the reborn Ku Klux Klan, which has expanded its influence across the nation. To shrink immigration from certain areas of the world, a quota system is put in place. That and the Immigration Act of 1924 dramatically reduce eastern and southern European immigration.
CHAPTER THEMES A disillusioned America turned away from idealism and reform after World War I and toward isolationism in foreign affairs, domestic social conservatism, and the pleasures of prosperity. New technologies, mass-marketing techniques, and new forms of entertainment fostered rapid cultural change along with a focus on consumer goods. But the accompanying changes in moral values and uncertainty about the future produced cultural anxiety, as well as sharp intellectual critiques of American life.
5QQ ID Check: Numbers 1-30 Monday Unit 8-1920s/1930 Test on March 31 IDs due on April 1
The students will be able to evaluate to what extent the Great War contributed to the normalcy vision of Warren G. Harding
In your own words, define the word normalcy. What did normalcy look like in the early 1920s?
Republicans nominate Warren G. Harding of OH and Calvin Coolidge of MA Democrats nominate James M. Cox of OH and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Asst Secretary of the Navy Harding-work for a vague league, not the League, a return to normalcy Cox-supported the League 404-127 electoral count 16,143,407 to 9,130,328 Eugene V. Debs-919,799 as a Socialist in jail
U.S. never joins the League of Nations U.S. Senate spurned Security Treaty with France France rearmed as well as Germany, illegally Will lead to a second international disaster
Nativism and Intolerance Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 Red scare of 1919-1920 A. Mitchell Palmer December 1919-249 radicals deported September 1920-Wall Street bomb Criminal syndicalism laws unlawful to advocate violence to secure social change Negatively impacted unionism and the closed shop as elements of Russia Businesses supported the American plan Sacco and Venzetti
The new KKK anti-everything thrived in the Midwest/South-Bible Belt survived because of the social changes in the 20’s Nativism 800,000 immigrants in 1920-21 Emergency Quota Act of 1921 3% of nationality in U.S. in 1910 Immigration Act of 1924-3% to 2% of 1890 Freeze existing racial composition- Northern Europe cut out Japan, exempted Canada/Latin America
In groups of 2, you will submit one paper with both names. You will ask WHY for each impact and answer the question as a group discussing the possible reasons. This is found on pages 775-780
Separated ethnic enclaves Difficult to unionize Own churches Increased ethnic rivalries
Increases in crime Speakeasies Organized crime Lindbergh baby
Scopes Monkey Trial of 1925 John T. Scopes taught evolution, violating Tennessee state law Clarence Darrow-represented Scopes William Jennings Bryan-represented the Bible Challenged the literal interpretation of the Bible
Read Chapter 31 Prepare for 5 question ID quiz on Monday
Evaluate to what extent the Great War contributed to the normalcy vision of Warren G. Harding