Presentation on theme: "The Modern Stage (2) Shaw and British Social Realism."— Presentation transcript:
The Modern Stage (2) Shaw and British Social Realism
Dividing the Text: Units/Bits + Objectives/Tasks Was the exercise useful? Why? (or why not?) Did you learn anything new about the character or that particular scene? Did the performance feel more truthful? What would you do differently?
Dividing the Text: Units/Bits + Objectives/Tasks Bit (noun): manageable section of the play, as identified by actors and director Given Circumstances: situation of the character within a particular ‘bit’ of the play Objective (verb): what the character wants to achieve within a given set of circumstances Action: what the character does to fulfil the objective
Dividing the Text: Units/Bits + Objectives/Tasks How to recognise a new ‘bit’? when an event happens, whether physical or psychological, that affects what the characters are thinking or doing on stage when a character changes objective and starts wanting something else when a character enters or exits the stage [from O’Brien, Nick (2011) Stanislavski in Practice: Exercises for Students. New York, Routledge]
European Connections France: Émile Zola André Antoine (Théâtre Libre) Russia: Constantin Stanislavski (Moscow Art Theatre) Anton Chekhov Scandinavia: Henrik Ibsen (Norwegian) August Strindberg (Swedish) Britain: G. Bernard Shaw (Irish) Elizabeth Robins (American) Naturalism / Realism
Elizabeth Robins ( ) Actor and writer Champion of Ibsen: played Mrs Linde and Hedda Gabler Wrote first suffragist play: Votes for Women! (Royal Court, 1907) Remained independent in her private life (never remarried)
Naturalism and Realism: Synonyms? Christopher Innes: Naturalism is the approach (theory). Realism is the effect (practice) Stanislavski: Naturalism is the indiscriminate reproduction of the surface of life. Realism selects only the typical elements, revealing what lies under the surface... Shaw: verisimilitude (accurate reproduction of actual social conditions = Naturalism) should give way to veracity (philosophical truth = Realism)
G. Bernard Shaw ( ) A prolific writer: plays, fiction, journalism, essays, letters... A political activist: socialist (Fabian), pacifist, humanist... Ibsenite!
Mrs Warren’s Profession (1893) Scandalous subject matter: Censored by the Lord Chamberlain in 1898 Condemned after its first (private) performance in 1902 Produced professionally in England only in 1925 A Shavian ‘problem play’: Dialogical exchange (rational, non-sentimental) Exploration of social contradictions A ‘thesis play’ or ‘play of ideas’
The ‘New Woman’ A turn-of-the-century phenomenon, in literature/theatre and life Rejection of conventional gendered behaviour and ‘feminine’ appearance Pursuit of education and employment A paradigm and/or a threat (the ‘unwomanly woman’) Vivie Warren: An icon of female emancipation? A victim of society? A heartless capitalist, just like her mother?
Working with the Text a)Vivie and Praed (Act 1) b)Vivie and Mrs Warren (Act 2) c)Vivie and Mrs Warren (Act 4) Activity: 1. Read the whole extract aloud (3 or 4 pages) 2. Analyse 2 pages: emphasis on subtext 3. Perform 2 pages: emphasis on movement