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Presidents of the United States George Washington; Federalist (1788) John Adams; Federalist (1796) Thomas Jefferson (1800) James Madison (1808) James.

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Presentation on theme: "Presidents of the United States George Washington; Federalist (1788) John Adams; Federalist (1796) Thomas Jefferson (1800) James Madison (1808) James."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Presidents of the United States George Washington; Federalist (1788) John Adams; Federalist (1796) Thomas Jefferson (1800) James Madison (1808) James Monroe (1816) John Quincy Adams (1824) Andrew Jackson; Democrat (1828) Martin Van Buren; Democrat (1836) William Henry Harrison; Whig (1840) John Tyler; Whig (1841) James K. Polk; Democrat (1844) Zachary Taylor; Whig (1848) Millard Fillmore; Whig (1850) Franklin Pierce; Democrat (1852) James Buchanan; Democrat (1856) Abraham Lincoln; Republican (1860) Andrew Johnson; Democrat (1865) Ulysses S. Grant; Republican (1868) Rutherford B. Hayes; Republican (1876) James Garfield; Republican (1880) #21 - …  Chester A. Arthur; Republican (1881)  Grover Cleveland; Democrat (1884)  Benjamin Harrison; Republican (1888)  Grover Cleveland; Democrat (1892)  William McKinley; Republican (1896)  Theodore Roosevelt; Republican (1901)  William Howard Taft; Republican (1908)  Woodrow Wilson; Democrat (1912)  Warren G. Harding; Republican (1920)  Calvin Coolidge; Republican (1923)  Herbert Hoover; Republican (1928)  Franklin D. Roosevelt; Democrat (1932)  Harry S. Truman; Democrat (1945)  Dwight D. Eisenhower; Republican (1952)  John F. Kennedy; Democrat (1960)  Lyndon B. Johnson; Democrat (1963)

3 Section 1: The New Frontier Section 2: The Great Society Section 3: Foreign Policy in the Early 1960s Chapter 29: The Kennedy and Johnson Years (1961–1969)

4 CORE OBJECTIVE: Analyze the origins of the Cold War and evaluate the presidential foreign policies during the Cold War. Objective 10.6 : Explain the goals and effects of President Johnson’s domestic programs. Objective 10.7 : Describe the foreign policy Cold War crises that occurred during Kennedy’s presidency.

5 THE GREAT SOCIETY CHAPTER 29 SECTION 2

6 Lyndon Johnson became President unexpectedly following Kennedy’s assassination. While serving in the House and Senate, Johnson had established a reputation for both his political talent, intimidation, and ambition.  Kennedy had named Johnson his running mate in 1960 after Johnson’s own bid for the Democratic nomination had failed.  Johnson became President immediately after Kennedy’s death, taking the oath of office an hour and a half later.

7 Johnson used his talent in working with Congress to initiate many reforms on domestic issues. Johnson’s programs on poverty aid, education, and healthcare, became collectively known as the Great Society.

8 In the 1964 election Johnson ran against Republican Barry Goldwater. Goldwater was extremely conservative and had some controversial views: o Civil Rights was a state issue o Military commanders should control nukes A controversial television advertisement known as the “daisy” commercial took advantage of Americans’ fear of nuclear war to support Johnson’s campaign. o https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Id_r6pNsus https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Id_r6pNsus In the 1964 election, Johnson won a landslide victory over Barry Goldwater.

9 The Tax Cut — Like Kennedy, Johnson believed that a budget deficit could be used to improve the economy. A tax cut caused the deficit to shrink, since renewed prosperity generated new tax revenues. The War on Poverty — Johnson initiated new programs such as: o Head Start, a preschool program for low-income families o Volunteers in Service to America ( VISTA ), which sent volunteers to help people in poor communities. Aid to Education — The 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act, also initiated by Johnson, provided billions of dollars in aid to public and private schools. Medicare and Medicaid —Medicare provides low-cost medical insurance to most Americans over age 65, while Medicaid provides similar services to poor Americans of any age.

10 Immigration Reform — The Immigration Act of 1965 raised immigration limits from various parts of the world. o Immigration rose during the 1960s and 1970s. Short Biography https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YWfxa3qBZBk

11 During the ’s, the Supreme Court, headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren, handed down many controversial landmark verdicts. o Nicknamed the “Warren Court” o The Court ruled on social issues including obscenity, prayer in public schools, and use of birth control. The Warren Court was also interested in safeguarding the rights of persons accused of committing crimes. o The Miranda rule, a result of the 1966 case Miranda v. Arizona, required police to inform accused persons of their rights. A series of Warren Court decisions changed the nature of apportionment, or the distribution of the seats in a legislature among electoral districts.

12 Effects on Poverty During the 1960s and early 1970s, the number of Americans living in poverty in the United States was cut in half. However, some Americans complained that too many of their tax dollars were being spent on poor people. Others criticized the way Great Society antipoverty programs expanded the size of the federal government. The End of the Great Society Johnson received both praise and criticism for Great Society reforms. A conflict in Southeast Asia, later to become the Vietnam War, began to consume the resources Johnson needed for his domestic programs. The Great Society came to an end when Johnson failed to contain the Southeast Asia (Vietnam) conflict.

13 The Great Society— Assessment Which of following was a result of Johnson’s Great Society? (A)The beginnings of a conflict in Southeast Asia (B)The creation of the Head Start program (C)The elimination of the Miranda rule (D)An increase in the number of Americans living in poverty Why did some Americans oppose Great Society antipoverty legislation? (A)They felt it took funding away from international conflicts. (B)They complained that too much of their taxes were spent on the poor. (C)They felt it ran counter to the decisions of the Warren Court. (D)They wanted more money for education instead.

14 The Great Society— Assessment Which of following was a result of Johnson’s Great Society? (A)The beginnings of a conflict in Southeast Asia (B)The creation of the Head Start program (C)The elimination of the Miranda rule (D)An increase in the number of Americans living in poverty Why did some Americans oppose Great Society antipoverty legislation? (A)They felt it took funding away from international conflicts. (B)They complained that too much of their taxes were spent on the poor. (C)They felt it ran counter to the decisions of the Warren Court. (D)They wanted more money for education instead.


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