Presentation on theme: "Warren’s Theory of the Great Change society has become large and interconnected shift of control from the local community to the large urban core The Great."— Presentation transcript:
Warren’s Theory of the Great Change society has become large and interconnected shift of control from the local community to the large urban core The Great Change leads to: depersonalization bureaucratization rationalization Intensification of capitalism
ASPECTS OF THE GREAT CHANGE Roland Warren has capsulated "The Great Change" into seven aspects. Each of these is briefly described. The Increasing Division of Labor o More groups of people earn their living doing different things. oFunctions one person performed in the past are now broken down into specialized, fragmented jobs. oProduction is increased exponentially rather than decreased. oSpecialization of work underlies community make-up and activities.
Greater Diversity of Interests and Associations p The division of labor (mentioned previously) splinters people into divergent interests and interest groups. People associate with work colleagues regardless of where they live. pEven in very small communities, people have diverse sets of interests and little emotional investments in their local communities
Increasing Vertical Ties Local units in the community tend to become increasingly tied to organizations and systems outside the local community. Ties to the outside are increasingly strong and widespread in: pGovernmental units, Branch banks, Business with headquarters elsewhere pVoluntary associations affiliated with state and national groups and organizations pFood-store chains pNational unions pNational mass media affiliations for T.V., radio, and newspapers Think of your personal work situation and life. How strong are your ties to outside entities?
The Trend Toward Impersonal Bureaucracies oStandardization of routines. oDepersonalization of procedures. oPressuring individuals to act like parts of a machine. oLess contact with people we know. oRequirements that everyone be treated the same.
Gradual Transfer of Functions According to Roland Warren, there is a gradual transfer of functions out of the home, neighborhood groups, and voluntary associations to profit enterprises and government. These vital functions have been affected : p Social control pCare of the sick pPreparation of food pMaintenance and repair of homes pCare of the aged and the very young
Gradual Transfer of Functions According to Roland Warren, there is a gradual transfer of functions out of the home, neighborhood groups, and voluntary associations to profit enterprises and government. These vital functions have been affected : pThe overall results have been: pFamily members are not so dependent on each other. pLocal neighborhood and community members are less dependent on each other. pBoth the traditional family and the traditional community have been weakened.
The Trend to Urbanization and Suburbanization oSuburbanization continues to transform rural areas into urban areas. oPreviously independent communities become a part of the urban complex. oThe city grows beyond its official boundaries. oShopping centers move out and people lose allegiance to the inner city. oAll communities—villages, small cities, and larger cities—take on aspects of the big city. oThe open country also takes on urban aspects.
Changing Values pAs a result of the changes noted above, has come a shifting of the values held by people. Clearly, different values are prevalent in society and communities today than was the case twenty or even ten years ago pThey are not changes that anyone at any level deliberately seeks to bring about. They are aggregate trends and are not subject to changes of reversal by individuals or communities.