Presentation on theme: "Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society APUSH Chapter 38"— Presentation transcript:
1 Lyndon B. Johnson: The Great Society APUSH Chapter 38 Essential Questions:What were the 3 major issues of LBJ’s presidency?What was the importance of Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society, including the establishment of Medicare?
2 LBJ in the White HouseThe demand for reform helped create a new awareness of social problems, especially on matters of civil rights and the effects of poverty
3 LBJ’s Path to Power LBJ’s ambition and drive were legendary He entered politics in 1937 as a “New Dealer”He caught the eye of FDR as a spokesman for farmers of his districtHe was a master of party politics and maneuvering and rose to Senate majority leader in 1955Became President in 1963
4 His ability to achieve legislative results had captured JFK’s attention as well Johnson’s congressional connections and his Southern Protestant background convinced Kennedy to make LBJ his running mateThis helped Kennedy win states in the south
8 The Domestic AgendaJohnson urged Congress to pass the civil rights and tax-cut bills that Kennedy had sent to Capitol HillThe tax-cuts spurred economic growthThe Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it illegal to discriminate based on race, religion, national origin, and sex
9 The War on Poverty Spirit p. 475 Johnson declared an “unconditional war on poverty in America”Congress enacted the Economic Opportunity Act (EOA)The Job Corps Youth Training ProgramVISTA: Volunteers in Service to AmericaProject Head Start, an education program for underprivileged preschoolersThe Community Action Program, which encouraged poor people to participate in public-works programs
10 Election of 1964 Republicans nominate Barry Goldwater of Arizona Barry Goldwater believed the federal government had no business trying to right social and economic wrongs such as poverty, discrimination, and lack of opportunityMost Americans sided with LBJ
12 Election of 1964Goldwater had also frightened many Americans by suggesting he may use nuclear weapons on Cuba and North VietnamLBJ won in a landslideDemocrats also gained more control in CongressLBJ could launch his domestic reform program, The Great Society with high confidence
13 Building the Great Society Johnson summed up his vision for America in a phrase: The Great SocietyIn a speech he outlined a legislative program (Great Society) that would end poverty and racial injusticeHe would also try to create a higher standard of living for everyone
14 The Great SocietyPassed bills increasing funding for education; the first major federal aid package for education in the nation’s historyLBJ created Medicare and MedicaidCreated the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)Medicare: give low-cost medical insurance to Americans age 65 years and upMedicaid: extends health care insurance to people on welfare.
15 Impact of the Great Society The Great Society and the Warren Court changed the United StatesPeople disagree on whether the U.S. was better or worse afterwardsThe massive tax cut spurred the economy, but funding the Great Society along with the Vietnam War led to increased deficits
16 Backlash There was a conservative backlash Ronald Reagan swept to victory in the race for governor of CaliforniaThe increase in Communist forces in Vietnam began to overshadow the Great SocietyFour years after the election, Johnson, who ran on a peace ticket, would be labeled a “hawk” for supporting one of the most divisive wars in recent U.S. History
17 The Warren CourtThe Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren encouraged the expansion of individual rights in the U.S.This started with Brown v. B.O.E.Limited censorshipStated free speech included allowing students to wear black armbands to protest the war (Tinker v Des Moines)Tinker v Des Moines
18 The Warren CourtThe Warren Court also greatly expanded the rights of people accused of crimes. Earl Warren Illegally seized evidence couldn’t be used in courtRequired criminal courts to provide free legal counsel(Gideon v. Wainwright)Right to a lawyer during questioningPeople must be read their Miranda rights before questioning(Miranda v. Arizona )EQ: How did the Warren Court expand the individual rights of American citizens?
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