Presentation on theme: "Essential Question: How did the end of World War I change America in the 1920s? CPUSH Agenda for Unit 10.1: Clicker Preview Questions “America in the 1920s”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Essential Question:How did the end of World War I change America in the 1920s?CPUSH Agenda for Unit 10.1:Clicker Preview Questions“America in the 1920s” notesToday’s HW: 20.1 and 20.2Unit 10 Test: Monday, February 4
2 Participation in WWI transformed the United States in the 1920s: The USA was the richest and most developed country in the worldMass production, high wages, new consumer goods and forms of entertainment labeled the decade the “Roaring Twenties”
3 In 1920, Americans elected Republican Warren Harding who promised a “return to normalcy” “America’s present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums, but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration”—President Warren HardingQuick Class Discussion: What would a “return to normalcy” mean for America after World War I?
4 What do these images reveal about America in the 1920s?
5 In the 1920s, American foreign policy “returned to normal” by embracing isolationism The U.S. rejected the Treaty of Versailles and never joined the League of NationsMany citizens felt the U.S. was “duped” into joining WWI and became committed to neutrality
6 However, U.S. isolationism was selective because the USA did play a role in world affairs The U.S. hosted a naval conference aimed to reduce the military strength of all nationsThe USA loaned European nations billions of dollars to help rebuild after WWI
7 However, U.S. isolationism was selective because the USA did play a role in world affairs The USA joined other world powers in a commitment to world peace by signing the Kellogg-Briand PactMember nations
8 What does this image and quote reveal about America in the 1920s What does this image and quote reveal about America in the 1920s? “The chief business of the American people is business.” —President Calvin Coolidge, 1925
9 Republicans kept taxes low so Americans could spend their wages In the 1920s, Republican presidents were elected (Harding, Coolidge, Hoover) who helped America “return to normalcy” by using pro-business policiesRepublicans kept taxes low so Americans could spend their wagesRepublican presidents kept government interference in business to a minimum to allow private enterprise to flourish
10 Pro-business policies meant no new progressive reforms Americans felt confident that reforms had limited the influence of monopolies, cleaned up cities, and regulated the economyAs workers’ wages rose and their hours declined, Americans were happy to spend their money
11 What do these images reveal about America in the 1920s?
12 Pro-business policies and mass production techniques developed during WWI led to an industrial revolution in consumer goodsIndustrial growth led to high wages for workers and cheap products for Americans to buyThe appetite for consumer goods and availability of cheap credit led to a decade of spending called the Roaring Twenties
13 Henry Ford’s mass production techniques made automobiles affordable for many Americans
14 The 1920s led to an era of mass entertainment in movies, music, and sports
15 What do these images reveal about America in the 1920s?
16 By 1920, more people lived in cities than in rural areas due to the industrial revolution, mass immigration, and jobs during World War I
17 The dominance of urban America divided society The values of these 2 societies clashed in the 1920sUrban society was characterized by diversity, consumerism, freedom, entertainmentRural society was characterized by religious fundamentalism, nativism, and tradition
18 To understand the changes that took place in America in the 1920s, student groups will research 1 theme of the 1920s and provide a brief class presentationProvide a brief overview of the topicUse the image gallery provided to highlight specific examples from the background readingAll students in groups are expected to participateAfter presentations, the teacher will provide notes
20 The 1920s saw a burst of personal prosperity and consumer spending Mass production led to a huge number of new products: Cars, electric appliances, new fashionsCompanies offered ways for consumers to buy on credit through monthly installment plansAdvertising boomed to convince people to spend their money
22 The Great Migration during WWI led to a concentration of African Americans in northern cities
23 The Harlem Renaissance was the flourishing of black culture Jazz blended African and European musical traditions into a distinctly “American” style of musicLouis Armstrong and Duke Ellington were popular jazz musicians
24 The most popular author was Langston Hughes, who wrote poems and novels about black pride
25 Harlem represented the “New Negro”: the idea that African Americans should freely express themselves, embrace their culture, and strive for equality
27 Women’s roles changed in the 1920s In 1920, women gained the right to vote (But, many women did not vote)New fashion trends, voting rights, and more leisure time led to an increased sense of freedom
28 Advertisers sold products by targeting women’s sexuality and appearance
29 Many young, unmarried women embraced their independence and sexuality as “flappers”
30 …had sex outside of marriage and dated boys without chaperones “Flappers” popularized new women’s fashions like shorter hemlines, “bobbed” hair, and hatsYoung women shocked traditional-minded women by smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol, dancing at clubs, using makeup……had sex outside of marriage and dated boys without chaperones
32 The 1920s produced some of America’s most important literature The “Lost Generation” authors including T.S. Eliot, Ernest Hemingway, and F. Scott Fitzgerald rejected war and criticized 1920 consumerism and conformity
34 Baseball, boxing, and football were popular sports Sports was a popular form of entrainment in the 1920s as Americans gained more leisure time and incomeBaseball, boxing, and football were popular sportsRadio broadcasts brought sporting events to national audiences
35 Sports gave Americans a new generation of heroes Babe Ruth of the New York Yankees was the biggest sports hero of the 1920sBoxer Jack DempseyFootball star Red GrangeGertrudeBaseball was segregated; Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson were Negro League heroes
36 Heavyweight boxer Jack Dempsey was so popular, his fights set financial and attendance records in the 1920sFootball star Red GrangeGertrudezOther sports heroes of the 1920s include: Red Grange, Gertrude Ederle, Bobby Jones
38 Movies and radios were widely popular in the 1920s Over 500 stations connected the nation by broadcasting music, sports, as well as news, religious, comedic, and dramatic programming
39 Tin Pan Alley produced 90% of the popular music in the 1920s, focusing on ragtime, dance music, and jazzAmerican Popular Music had arrived!Within a year, Irving Berlin published "Alexander’s Ragtime Band," which mixed the popular beat of the day along with the legend of Ragtime. The song gave Tin Pan Alley its crowning achievement and Berlin his first million. The song also changed the way America listened to music, "Alexander’s Ragtime Band" has often been credited, in part, for the increase in the sales of radios and phonographs, both rather new to the buying public.Soon the attention of Tin Pan Alley shifted from Ragtime to other popular topics such as dances (The Charleston, the Fox Trot) and other music forms (Blues, jazz).Towards the end of World War I, Tin Pan Alley’s publishing companies moved closer to the Broadway and vaudeville districts. Once the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) was formed, Tin Pan Alley became a mega force in popular music, producing over 90% of the commercial songs and inspiring the sales of millions of copies of both sheet music and 78 recordings.Irving Berlin was the most popular of the ragtime composers of the 1920s
40 “Talking” movies helped grow Hollywood and celebrity movie stars By 1929, over 100 million people went to movies each week“The Jazz Singer” was the first “talking” picture
42 Automobiles transformed America Henry Ford’s assembly line made cars affordable; By 1929, 1 of 5 Americans owned a carCar manufacturing became the biggest industry in AmericaCars gave people freedom and became a symbol of status
43 New roads, gas stations, and shopping centers were built Country Club Plaza, the First Shopping Center
44 Airplanes captured the attention of Americans in the 1920s In 1927, Charles Lindbergh made the first solo flight across the Atlantic and became the biggest celebrity of the 1920s
45 Airplanes captured the attention of Americans in the 1920s In 1927, Charles Lindbergh made the first trans-Atlantic solo flight, becoming the biggest celebrity of the 1920s
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