Presentation on theme: "Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities Committee on Advanced Research Instrumentation Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy National."— Presentation transcript:
Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities Committee on Advanced Research Instrumentation Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy National Academy of Sciences/National Academy of Engineering/ Institute of Medicine Richard E. Bissell March 26, 2008
Committee Membership MARTHA KREBS, (Chair) Director, R&D Division, California Energy Commission and Former Director, Office of Science, DOE MARILYN L. FOGEL Staff Member, Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington DAVID BISHOP President, New Jersey Nanotechnology Consortium LESLIE A. KOLODZIEKSKI Professor, Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, MIT MARVIN CASSMAN Independent Consultant and Former Director of the National Institute of General Medical Sciences of the NIH. ALVIN L. KWIRAM Professor, Chemistry at University of Washington Exec. Director, NSF’s S&T Center in photonics and optoelectronics ULRICH DAHMEN Director of National Center for Electron Microscopy at LBL WARREN S. WARREN Professor of Chemistry, Radiology, and Biomedical Engineering, Duke University; Director, Center for Molecular and Biomedical Imaging THOM H. DUNNING, JR. Director, National Center for Supercomputing Application at the University of Illinois at Urbana- Champaign. DANIEL WEILL Former Director, Ocean Drilling Program and the Instrumentation and Facilities Program in NSF’s Division of Earth Science.
Congressional Language Assess the need for an interagency program to establish and support fully equipped, state-of-the-art university- based centers for interdisciplinary research and advanced instrumentation development.
Charge to Committee What are the current programs and policies of the major federal research agencies for advanced research instrumentation? What is the current status of advanced mid-sized research instrumentation on university campuses? How are such instruments currently designed, built, funded, operated, and maintained? What challenges do federal agencies and universities identify regarding such instruments?
Charge to Committee Would an interagency program to fund mid-size advanced research instruments that are used by researchers funded by many agencies help respond to these challenges? If so, what should be the components of such a program? Are sufficient federal programs available to provide the intellectual and financial resources necessary to develop new mid-sized instruments that respond to research community needs? What federal policies could be put into place to enhance the design, building, funding, sharing, operations and maintenance of mid-sized advanced research instruments?
Method Survey University Administrators Disciplinary Societies Independent Research Institutes Researchers Literature Search and Scholar Presentations Presentations from NSF, NSB, NIH, DOE, NOAA, DHS, USDA, OSTP, NSTC, COGR Public Comment Session
Institutional Survey Questions Does your institution have any instruments whose capital cost at the time of purchase was greater than $2M and less than $100M? If no additional federal funding were available, do you think the need for instrumentation in this range is sufficient that funding should be diverted from research grants to instruments? What new kinds of instrumentation in the $2-100M price range do you think your institution will be interested in five years from now? Do you have any additional thoughts regarding advanced research instrumentation which you would like to share with the Committee?
Report Addresses Four Major Issues Defining Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities (ARIF) Status of Federal Agency Funding for ARIF Improvements in Federal Agency Processes for ARIF Improvements in University Sponsorship and Operation of ARIF
Defining ARIF Instrumentation and facilities that house collections of closely related or interacting instruments used for research and includes networks of sensors, data collections, and cyberinfrastructure Acquired by large scale centers or research programs rather than individual investigators Requires substantial institutional commitment and high level decision-making Requires expert research-support staff for operation and maintenance Generally in the few to tens of millions of dollars in cost
Federal Agency Funding for ARIF Agencies have programs for million-dollar class facilities Generally not sufficient for total purchase Generally do not provide for operation, maintenance or appropriate upgrades No agency has a specific category for ARIF scale activities When ARIF is funded within an agency, neither the planning nor funding process is apparent outside the agency
Improvements in Federal Agency Processes Establish centralized programs for ARIF NSF MRI program should expand to include ARIF NIH should eliminate the capital cost limit of the HEI program and substantially increase its instrumentation investment Planning and Evaluation of Proposals Require business and management plans that include information on space, technical staff, and O&M funding Include selection criteria that respond to agency goals such as sharing instrumentation, supporting diversity with regard to research field. Geographic and institutional diversity
Improvements in Federal Agency Processes Fund O&M Costs Sustain proportional support for ARIF when budgets are stagnant or declining Coordinate ARIF programs on an interagency basis Elevate ARIF as a topic for NSTC coordination and cooperation A specific interagency ARIF program is not needed
Improvements in University Sponsorship and Operation Operations & Maintenance Space Research Support Staffing Availability to Researchers Oversight Instrumentation Development
NSF-wide Major Research Instrumentation Program (MRI) NSF-wide CONTACTS Joan M Randy oan M. Office of Integrative Activities Major Research Instrumentation Program PROGRAM GUIDELINES Solicitation DUE DATES Full Proposal Deadline Date: January 22, 2009 SYNOPSIS The Major Research Instrumentation Program (MRI) is designed to increase access to scientific and engineering equipment for research and research training in our Nation's organizations of higher education, research museums, and non-profit research organizations. This program seeks to improve the quality and expand the scope of research and research training in science and engineering, and to foster the integration of research and education by providing instrumentation for research-intensive learning environments. The MRI program encourages the development and acquisition of research instrumentation for shared inter- and/or intra-organizational use and in concert with private sector partners. The MRI program assists in the acquisition or development of major research instrumentation that is, in general, too costly for support through other NSF programs. For proposals over $2 million, requests must be for the acquisition of a single instrument. For proposals requesting $2 million or less, investigators may seek support for instrument development or for acquisition of a single instrument, a large system of instruments, or multiple instruments that share a common or specific research focus.
Sowing the Seeds Increase federal investment in long-term basic research- -10%/year over next 7 years focusing on physical sciences, engineering, mathematics, information sciences and DOD basic research funding. Provide early-career researcher grants—200 grants at $100,000/year over 5 years to outstanding researchers. Institute National Coordination Office for Advanced Research Instrumentation and Facilities--$500 million/year over 5 years. Catalyze high-risk, high-payoff research—Technical program managers allocated 8% federal research agency budgets for discretionary spending. Institute Presidential Innovation Award—Recognize persons who develop unique scientific and engineering innovations in the national interest when they occur. Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy—Modeled on DARPA, this agency would focus on creative out-of-the- box transformational energy research that industry by itself cannot or will not support