Demographic Transition in Sweden and Mexico Sources: B.R. Mitchell, European Historical Statistics 1750-1970 (1976): table B6; Council of Europe, Recent Demographic Developments in Europe 2001 (2001): tables T3.1 and T4.1; CELADE, Boletin demografico 69 (2002): tables 4 and 7; Francisco Alba-Hernandez, La poblacion de Mexico (1976): 14; and UN Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2002 Revision (2003): 326. Births/Deaths per 1,000 Lesson Plan: The Demographic Transition, Activity One
1. One important feature of the world’s population with the most significant future implications is that a. the less developed countries have the highest combined crude death rate b. the natural increase rate is larger every year c. the most rapid growth is occurring in the less developed countries d. there are fewer people in the world now than at the peak in the middle of the 20th century
2. Replacement rate, the number of births needed to keep a population at a stable level without immigration, requires a total fertility of a.10.b. 2.1.c. 3.5.d. 5. 3. Which of the following countries is most likely to be showing the lowest natural increase rate? a.Afghanistanb. United States c. Japand. Chile
4. Countries with aging populations attempt to stimulate economic growth to lessen the effect of rising medical and retirement costs by a.cutting social security. b. encouraging increased birth rate. c. promoting immigration. d. promoting emigration of the elderly.
5. Demographically, Great Britain experienced a ___________________ in the period from the late 1800s through WWII. a.population decline b. rising death rate c. population explosion d. rapid birth rate decline
7. The medical revolution has been characterized by a.development of new inventions b. diffusion of medical practices c. increased agricultural productivity d.invention of new medicines 8. The average number of births women bear in their lifetime is a.total fertility rateb. crude birth rate c. natural increase rated. crude death rate
9. A decline in a country’s crude birth rate would result in an increase in the country’s a.doubling timeb. natural increase rate c. total fertility rated. life expectancy rate 10. The low rate of contraceptive use in Africa reflects the region’s a.low status of women b. improving education of women c.rapid diffusion d. A and B
Skip this Slide for Now Why is population growing so fast? Which areas are growing fastest? What effects has this growth had on social and ecological systems?