The Internet was started as a joint venture between government and academic institutions. Open Identity and Open Trust will benefit from a similar relationship as it starts. Trust Networks with no single point of failure and no single point of control will maximize Digital Identity data management The design of the Trust Network will benefit from insights into behavioral & neurobiological bases of trust Trust Networks: Build on Existing Structure
Behavioral Science and Trust Trust increases oxytocin, which in turn increases trustworthiness, which causes a reciprocation of trust, which then increases oxytocin, which in turn...(Zak, 2008)
Technology and Social Engineering In 2002, the journal Contemporary Psychology: APA Review of Books was losing subscribers and money Reviewers agreed to review books but then never did them Latency issues impacted the journal’s relevance to science APA’s publisher, Gary VandenBos, PhD believed that the review of monographs was still important to science
Technology and Social Engineering Dr. VandenBos converted the Journal to a database and called it PsycCRITIQUES. He devised a web-based system where editors could easily build a database of reviewers and classification systems for their areas of expertise He created a workflow where portions of the books were digitized for an initial review by the Editor A web application was deployed to allow Editor to receive PDFs, then select qualified reviewers via a search E-mails were deployed; the first reviewer to click the link in the e-mail would get the print copy of the book. Remaining reviewers would be notified that the review opportunity was closed.
Digital Identity in Scholarly & Scientific Societies “facebook-style” professional networks have capabilities to plug-in different facets of the researcher's identity (VivoWeb) Open Identity & Linked Data approach integrating open identity data from several sources allows to connect, fuse, and develop similar professional networks beyond institutional and national limits (Ontoframe) Digitalizing Social Networks
34 Increasing Value for Digital Identity Scholarly and scientific societies can lead the process of increasing value by nurturing guilds within their communities. Guilds produce close peer relationships that result in better science. Linking open identity data will allow us to fuse professional networks together, beyond institutional and national limits.
41 Predicting the Future This year, all three Nobel Prize nominees were accurately predicted based on the citation impact of their published research in ISI Web of Knowledge. The nominees received the prize on October 5, 2009.
42 Expansion of the Trust Network Trusted Communities will arise out of robust and secure Community Intranets “Facebookitzation” of scientific guilds and trusted claim validation will drive demand outside the guild OpenID/Information Card Stack will provide machine-to-machine trust Guilds need to develop robust Trusted Claims within the scope of their community first, then extend those claims in a formal agreement as a certified Open Identity Provider
43 Light, Layered & Extensible Framework for Trusted Claims Light - no single code source - easy for professionals to obtain, install, and certify - “interoperable”, with ability to plug into existing APIs Layered - all levels of trust need to be explicit in the transaction - OpenID users should always have ability to extend or retract their own trusted claims - a “reboot” of identity would revoke all extensions of a trusted claim, but not the trusted claim itself Extensible - each Identity Provider has the ability to add its unique trusted claims to the Identity Stack as an extension to the underlying OpenID Information Card Stack