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Class 5: The Community as Client UTA SSW, SOCW 5306: Generalist Macro Practice Professor Dick Schoech Copyright 2005 (permission required before use) Suggest.

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Presentation on theme: "Class 5: The Community as Client UTA SSW, SOCW 5306: Generalist Macro Practice Professor Dick Schoech Copyright 2005 (permission required before use) Suggest."— Presentation transcript:

1 Class 5: The Community as Client UTA SSW, SOCW 5306: Generalist Macro Practice Professor Dick Schoech Copyright 2005 (permission required before use) Suggest printing slides for class using: Print | Handouts | 3 slides per page | grayscale options

2 Review of Course  Generalist macro practice history, change process, roles, levels of intervention  Theories, values, perspectives  The community as client  Social conditions as problems/opportunities  Assessing social conditions  Intervening in social conditions  Administrative practices

3 Overview of Today’s Content  Definitions of Community  Relevant theories  Functions of communities  Changes occurring in communities  Organizations vs. Communities  Goals of social work where community is client

4 Definition of Community  A group of individuals or families that share certain values, services, institutions, interests, or geographical proximity (text, p. 260) Shared physical space or interest Social interaction Sense of identity  A functional special unit that meets people’s sustenance needs, helps form collective identities, and patterned social interaction (Fellin)  Neighborhoods (geographical) vs. communities

5 Functions of Community  Socialization  Production, distribution, consumption of goods  Social control  Mutual support  Social participation ( Roland Warren ) (text, p. 261)

6 Theories for community  Ecological Social Systems population characteristics physical environment social structures  Action theories – focuses on relationships, interactions, values, shared meaning  Power Theories – Focus on who influences or decides (text, p. 280.

7 Changes in Communities ( Warren, Fellin )  Urbanization, suburbanization, immigration (text p. 273) Diversification of population Minority populations younger (50% of Mex Am are below age 25) Movement from rural to rapidly growing Urban areas  Transfer individual/family functions to govt/business, sewing, cooking, child care, elderly care, etc  Stronger ties to the larger community, (national, international, global village)  Changing values (Divorce, blended families, violence)  New structures (virtual communities)

8 Community as Resource System  Focus on assets and capacities of Governments Religious groups Professional groups Social service agencies Business/trade groups Civic groups Consumer groups Educational organizations

9 Goals of Social work where community is client  Produce community that helps people cope and grow towards self fulfillment  Produce people who are functioning well physically/ psychologically/ socially/ spiritually  Produce people with little need for human services  Provides social services if needed  Community well functioning (course pack, p. 52)  Ontario healthy communities (http://www.opc.on.ca/ohcc/ )http://www.opc.on.ca/ohcc/  Neighborhood Knowledge LA ( /) /

10 Conclusion  Community is client and tool/resource  Societal changes result in communities causing problems (client) rather than preventing or solving them (tools/resources)  Social workers determine when to use 1+ of many community approaches to solve a social problem  Use generic social work process with communities  Terms: change agent, target system, client system (stakeholders), action system. Text p. 266  Think of organizations in community practice as similar to individuals in family practice


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