Presentation on theme: "20 The New Frontier and the Great Society QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION Kennedy and."— Presentation transcript:
20 The New Frontier and the Great Society QUIT CHAPTER OBJECTIVE INTERACT WITH HISTORY INTERACT WITH HISTORY TIME LINE VISUAL SUMMARY SECTION Kennedy and the Cold War 1 SECTION The New Frontier 2 SECTION The Great Society 3 MAPGRAPH
20 HOME CHAPTER OBJECTIVE To understand the achievements and challenges of the Kennedy and Johnson administrations The New Frontier and the Great Society
20 W I T H H I S T O R Y I N T E R A C T What are the qualities of effective leaders? Examine the Issues Against the backdrop of an intense space race between America and the Soviet Union, the 1960 presidential election approaches. The leading candidates are a young, charismatic senator and the ambitious, experienced vice-president. The new president will face tremendous responsibilities. Abroad, the Soviet Union is stockpiling nuclear weapons. At home, millions suffer from poverty and discrimination. What skills are needed to persuade legislators? How can a leader motivate and influence the public? HOME What enables a leader to respond to crises? The New Frontier and the Great Society
20 The United StatesThe World 1960 Seventeen African countries gain independence John F. Kennedy is elected president President Kennedy is assassinated; Lyndon B. Johnson becomes president John Glenn becomes the first American to orbit the earth. U.S. and USSR face off in the Cuban missile crisis The drug thalidomide is pulled from the market after it is found responsible for thousands of birth defects in Europe Lyndon B. Johnson is elected president. Congress passes the Economic Opportunity Act and Civil Rights Act. TIME LINE HOME The New Frontier and the Great Society 1961 U.S. launches the Bay of Pigs invasion Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first human in outer space United States troops enter Vietnam Ferdinand Marcos becomes president of the Phillipines. continued...
20 The United StatesThe World TIME LINE HOME 1966 Indira Gandhi becomes prime minister of India. The New Frontier and the Great Society 1967 Thurgood Marshall becomes the first African-American justice of the Supreme Court Israel wins Arab territories in the Six Day War Richard M. Nixon is elected president Warsaw Pact troops invade Czechoslovakia.
1 Kennedy and the Cold War Foreign affairs dominate the presidential campaign of 1960 and the administration of John F. Kennedy. Kennedy faces some of the most dangerous Soviet- American confrontations of the Cold War. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME
1 Kennedy and the Cold War OVERVIEW The Kennedy administration faced some of the most dangerous Soviet confrontations in American history. America’s response to Soviet threats developed the United States as a military superpower. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES HOME John F. Kennedy flexible response Limited Test Ban Treaty Fidel Castro hot line Berlin Wall ASSESSMENT
1 Kennedy and the Cold War ASSESSMENT 1. List two outcomes for each of these events: first Kennedy-Nixon debate, Bay of Pigs invasion, Cuban missile crisis, and construction of the Berlin Wall. Debate TV became important in politics. Kennedy won support. HOME Bay of Pigs Cuba moved closer to Soviets. United States embarrassed Soviets backed down. World at brink of nuclear war Cuban Missile Crisis Berlin Wall Symbolized Communist oppression Increased Cold War tensions continued...
1 Kennedy and the Cold War 2. How well do you think President Kennedy handled the Cuban missile crisis? Think About: ANSWER POSSIBLE RESPONSES: Well-handled: The Cuban missiles were removed, nuclear war was averted, and there was no military engagement. Not well-handled: He risked nuclear war over the crisis. Kennedy’s decision to impose a naval “quarantine” of Cuba the nuclear showdown between the superpowers Kennedy’s decision not to invade Cuba HOME ASSESSMENT continued...
1 Kennedy and the Cold War 3. What kind of political statement was made by the United States’ support of West Berlin? ANSWER The United States was telling other nations, the Soviet Union especially, to keep their hands off West Berlin. HOME ASSESSMENT End of Section 1
2 The New Frontier With the stirring phrase “the New Frontier,” Kennedy outlines a broad vision for progress, but Congress enacts few of his initiatives. His efforts are ended by his tragic assassination. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME MAPGRAPH
2 The New Frontier HOME OVERVIEW While Kennedy had trouble getting his ideas for a New Frontier passed, several goals were achieved. Kennedy’s space program continues to generate scientific and engineering advances that benefit Americans. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES ASSESSMENT Warren Commission New Frontier Alliance for Progress mandate Peace Corps MAPGRAPH
2 The New Frontier 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List five programs of the New Frontier. continued... The New Frontier Peace CorpsCivil rights bill Tax cut HOME ASSESSMENT Alliance for Progress Moon program MAPGRAPH
2 The New Frontier 2. Why do you think Congress was so enthusiastic about allocating funds for the space program but rejected spending in education, social services, and other pressing needs? ANSWER It was largely a matter of pride, since the Soviets had already sent a cosmonaut into space. HOME ASSESSMENT continued... MAPGRAPH
2 The New Frontier 3. Why do you think Kennedy lost popularity for supporting civil rights? ANSWER Kennedy lost popularity for supporting civil rights because people in some sections of the country opposed granting civil rights to African Americans. HOME ASSESSMENT continued... MAPGRAPH
2 The New Frontier 4. Do you think President Kennedy was a successful leader? Think About: ANSWER Successful: popular; focused on projects that Congress would support; peacefully handled the missile crisis; arranged for the test-ban treaty Not successful: tended to react to events rather than lead; did not get his legislative program enacted before his death the goals he expressed his foreign policy HOME ASSESSMENT his legislative record End of Section 2 the reasons for his popularity MAPGRAPH
3 The Great Society Lyndon B. Johnson drives the most ambitious legislative agenda through Congress since the New Deal. The landmark decisions of the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren reflect the era of liberal activism. OVERVIEW ASSESSMENT KEY IDEA HOME
3 The Great Society HOME TERMS & NAMES Lyndon Baines Johnson Medicare and Medicaid reapportionment Immigration Act of 1965 Economic Opportunity Act Great Society Warren Court ASSESSMENT OVERVIEW The demand for reform helped create a new awareness of social problems, especially on matters of civil rights and the effects of poverty. Reforms made in the 1960s have had a lasting effect on the American justice system by increasing the rights of minorities. MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW
3 The Great Society 1. Look at the graphic to help organize your thoughts. List four or more Great Society programs and Warren Court rulings. continued... HOME ASSESSMENT Civil Rights Act of 1964 Economic Opportunity Act Elementary and Secondary Education Act Brown v. Board of Education Baker v. Carr Great Society ProgramsWarren Court Rulings Escobedo v. Illinois Medicare and Medicaid Miranda v. Arizona
3 The Great Society 2. Explain how Lyndon Johnson’s personal and political experiences might have influenced his actions as president. Think About: ANSWER Johnson’s upbringing might have taught him about the hardships of those in need; as a New Dealer, he learned how the government could help people in need; in Congress, he learned the importance of political connections and clout and the skills to negotiate political deals. his family’s background and education HOME ASSESSMENT his relationship with Franklin Roosevelt his powers of persuasion End of Section 3