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Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada,

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Presentation on theme: "Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada, therefore, literally means : "Dependent Arising“ or "Dependent Origination."

2 Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada, therefore, literally means : "Dependent Arising“ or "Dependent Origination."

3 Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada, therefore, literally means : "Dependent Arising“ or "Dependent Origination."

4 Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada, therefore, literally means : "Dependent Arising“ or "Dependent Origination."

5 Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada, therefore, literally means : "Dependent Arising“ or "Dependent Origination."

6 Dependent Origination Paticca Samuppada Paticca means “because of”, or “dependent upon”. Samuppada means "arising” or “origination“. Paticca Samuppada, therefore, literally means : "Dependent Arising“ or "Dependent Origination."

7 Principle of Causality Dependent Origination explains the Principle of Causality. Nothing exists on its own, but arises from earlier circumstances. For example, we did not spontaneously come into existence at birth. We are the result of our parents, of the circumstances of their meeting, and of all that happened before. Everything is always a result of something that has happened before.

8 Principle of Causality Dependent Origination explains the Principle of Causality. Nothing exists on its own, but arises from earlier circumstances. For example, we did not spontaneously come into existence at birth. We are the result of our parents, of the circumstances of their meeting, and of all that happened before. Everything is always a result of something that has happened before.

9 Principle of Causality Dependent Origination explains the Principle of Causality. Nothing exists on its own, but arises from earlier circumstances. For example, we did not spontaneously come into existence at birth. We are the result of our parents, of the circumstances of their meeting, and of all that happened before. Everything is always a result of something that has happened before.

10 Principle of Causality Dependent Origination explains the Principle of Causality. Nothing exists on its own, but arises from earlier circumstances. For example, we did not spontaneously come into existence at birth. We are the result of our parents, of the circumstances of their meeting, and of all that happened before. Everything is always a result of something that has happened before.

11 Principle of Causality The general principle : When A arises, B arises. Therefore when A exists, B exists. When A does not arise, B does not arise. Therefore when A does not exist, B does not exist.

12 Principle of Causality The general principle : When A arises, B arises. Therefore when A exists, B exists. When A does not arise, B does not arise. Therefore when A does not exist, B does not exist.

13 Principle of Causality The general principle : When A arises, B arises. Therefore when A exists, B exists. When A does not arise, B does not arise. Therefore when A does not exist, B does not exist.

14 Principle of Causality The general principle : When A arises, B arises. Therefore when A exists, B exists. When A does not arise, B does not arise. Therefore when A does not exist, B does not exist.

15 Principle of Causality For example : I am standing here now because I know Bro. Tee. I know Bro. Tee through Sis Panna. I know Sis Panna through the YMBA course at MV. If I did not take the YMBA, I would not know Sis Panna. If I did not know Sis Panna, I would not know Bro. Tee. If I do not know Bro. Tee, I would not be standing here now.

16 Principle of Causality For example : I am standing here now because I know Bro. Tee. I know Bro. Tee through Sis Panna. I know Sis Panna through the YMBA course at MV. If I did not take the YMBA, I would not know Sis Panna. If I did not know Sis Panna, I would not know Bro. Tee. If I do not know Bro. Tee, I would not be standing here now.

17 Principle of Causality For example : I am standing here now because I know Bro. Tee. I know Bro. Tee through Sis Panna. I know Sis Panna through the YMBA course at MV. If I did not take the YMBA, I would not know Sis Panna. If I did not know Sis Panna, I would not know Bro. Tee. If I do not know Bro. Tee, I would not be standing here now.

18 Principle of Causality For example : I am standing here now because I know Bro. Tee. I know Bro. Tee through Sis Panna. I know Sis Panna through the YMBA course at MV. If I did not take the YMBA, I would not know Sis Panna. If I did not know Sis Panna, I would not know Bro. Tee. If I do not know Bro. Tee, I would not be standing here now.

19 Principle of Causality For example : I am standing here now because I know Bro. Tee. I know Bro. Tee through Sis Panna. I know Sis Panna through the YMBA course at MV. If I did not take the YMBA, I would not know Sis Panna. If I did not know Sis Panna, I would not know Bro. Tee. If I do not know Bro. Tee, I would not be standing here now.

20 Principle of Causality For example : I am standing here now because I know Bro. Tee. I know Bro. Tee through Sis Panna. I know Sis Panna through the YMBA course at MV. If I did not take the YMBA, I would not know Sis Panna. If I did not know Sis Panna, I would not know Bro. Tee. If I do not know Bro. Tee, I would not be standing here now.

21 Principle of Causality Cause and Effect All our intentional actions of body, speech and mind will have their corresponding positive or negative results. Therefore once we know the Principle of Causality, we know best how to lead our own lives and take our own destiny into our own hands.

22 Principle of Causality Cause and Effect All our intentional actions of body, speech and mind will have their corresponding positive or negative results. Therefore once we know the Principle of Causality, we know best how to lead our own lives and take our own destiny into our own hands.

23 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

24 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

25 Principle of Causality The general principle : When A arises, B arises. Therefore when A exists, B exists. When A does not arise, B does not arise. Therefore when A does not exist, B does not exist.

26 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

27 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

28 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

29 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

30 The components and causes of rebirth The 12 links of Dependent Origination : Depending on ignorance arises kammic formations. Depending on kammic formations arises rebirth consciousness. Depending on rebirth consciousness arises mind and matter. Depending on mind and matter arises six sense bases. Depending on six sense bases arises contact. Depending on contact arises feeling. Depending on feeling arises craving. Depending on craving arises clinging. Depending on clinging arises becoming. Depending on becoming arises birth. Depending on birth arises decay, suffering and death.

31 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

32 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

33 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

34 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

35 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

36 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

37 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

38 Three lifetime model of Dependent Origination Past Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Past Life Present Life - Resultants on the Present Life - Actions (Kamma) of the Present Life Future Life - Resultants on the Future Life

39 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

40 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

41 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

42 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

43 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

44 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

45 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

46 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

47 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

48 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

49 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

50 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

51 12 Links - Pali terms Ignorance or delusionAvijja Kammic formationsSankhara Rebirth consciousnessVinnana Mind and matterNama-rupa Six sense basesSalayatana ContactPhassa FeelingVedana CravingTanha ClingingUpadana BecomingBhava BirthJati Decay, suffering and deathJara-marana

52 12 Links – Explanations Ignorance (Avijja) is the first link or cause of the wheel of life. It clouds all right understanding. Dependent on ignorance of the Four Noble Truths arise activities (Sankhara) -- both moral and immoral. The activities whether good or bad rooted in ignorance which must necessarily have their due effects, only tend to prolong life's wandering. Nevertheless, good actions are essential to get rid of the ills of life. Dependent on activities arise rebirth-consciousness (Vinnana). This links the past with the present. Simultaneous with the arising of rebirth-consciousness there come into being mind and body (Nama-rupa). The six senses (Salayatana) are the inevitable consequences of mind and body. Because of the six senses contact (Phassa) sets in. Contact leads to feeling (Vedana). These five -- viz., consciousness, mind and matter, six senses, contact and feeling -- are the effects of past actions and are called the passive side of life. Dependent on feeling arises craving (Tanha). Craving results in grasping (Upadana). Grasping is the cause of Kamma (Bhava) Which in its turn, conditions future birth (Jati). Birth is the inevitable cause of old age and death (Jara-marana).

53 Buddhist art Tibetan thangka A painted or embroidered Buddhist banner hung in a monastery or a family altar and occasionally carried by monks in ceremonial processions. In Tibetan the word thang means flat, and thus the Thangka is a kind of painting done on flat surface but which can be rolled up when not required for display. Originally, thangka painting became popular among traveling monks because the scroll paintings were easily rolled and transported from monastery to monastery. These thangka served as important teaching tools depicting the life of the Buddha, various influential lamas and other deities and bodhisattvas. One popular subject is The Wheel of Life, which is a visual representation of the Abhidharma teachings (Art of Enlightenment). To Buddhists these Tibetan religious paintings offer a beautiful manifestation of the divine, being both visually and mentally stimulating.

54 Buddhist art Tibetan thangka A painted or embroidered Buddhist banner hung in a monastery or a family altar and occasionally carried by monks in ceremonial processions. In Tibetan the word thang means flat, and thus the Thangka is a kind of painting done on flat surface but which can be rolled up when not required for display. Originally, thangka painting became popular among traveling monks because the scroll paintings were easily rolled and transported from monastery to monastery. These thangka served as important teaching tools depicting the life of the Buddha, various influential lamas and other deities and bodhisattvas. One popular subject is The Wheel of Life, which is a visual representation of the Abhidharma teachings (Art of Enlightenment). To Buddhists these Tibetan religious paintings offer a beautiful manifestation of the divine, being both visually and mentally stimulating.

55 Buddhist art Tibetan thangka A painted or embroidered Buddhist banner hung in a monastery or a family altar and occasionally carried by monks in ceremonial processions. In Tibetan the word thang means flat, and thus the Thangka is a kind of painting done on flat surface but which can be rolled up when not required for display. Originally, thangka painting became popular among traveling monks because the scroll paintings were easily rolled and transported from monastery to monastery. These thangka served as important teaching tools depicting the life of the Buddha, various influential lamas and other deities and bodhisattvas. One popular subject is The Wheel of Life, which is a visual representation of the Abhidharma teachings (Art of Enlightenment). To Buddhists these Tibetan religious paintings offer a beautiful manifestation of the divine, being both visually and mentally stimulating.

56 Buddhist art Tibetan thangka A painted or embroidered Buddhist banner hung in a monastery or a family altar and occasionally carried by monks in ceremonial processions. In Tibetan the word thang means flat, and thus the Thangka is a kind of painting done on flat surface but which can be rolled up when not required for display. Originally, thangka painting became popular among traveling monks because the scroll paintings were easily rolled and transported from monastery to monastery. These thangka served as important teaching tools depicting the life of the Buddha, various influential lamas and other deities and bodhisattvas. One popular subject is The Wheel of Life, which is a visual representation of the Abhidharma teachings (Art of Enlightenment). To Buddhists these Tibetan religious paintings offer a beautiful manifestation of the divine, being both visually and mentally stimulating.

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61 The Wheel of Life is a presentation of the Buddhist teaching on the suffering and impermanence of cyclic existence. The Lord of Death, Yama, holds the wheel of existence between his teeth, hands and feet. At the centre of the wheel are three poisonous delusions represented by a red cockerel (passion and lust), a green snake (hatred and aggression), and a black pig (ignorance and confusion). These three creatures chase and bite each others tails, giving rise to the endless cycle or becoming. In the next circle beings rise to enter the three higher realms, or fall to enter the three lower realms. The six realms are represented within the spokes of the wheel. The hell realm, in the lower part of the wheel is characterized by the extreme suffering of the various hot and cold hells. The hunger ghost or preta realm in the lower left is characterized by craving and enormous hunger. The denizens of this realm having huge empty stomachs and mouths like pinholes. The animal realm is characterized by extreme stupidity. The jealous gods in the upper left, suffer from competitiveness and ambition as they strive for the realization of their desires. The god realms are sensual heavens, where the inhabitants are totally involved in the pursuit of pleasure. Only in the human realm, with its constant fluctuation of pleasure and pain can the dharma be clearly heard and liberation attained.

62 In the outer ring are the twelve links of the chain of Dependent Origination. Clockwise from the top they are: 1.Ignorance (a blind person) 2.Action (a potter) 3.Consciousness (a monkey holding fruits) 4.Name and form (a person rowing a boat) 5.Sources (an empty house with five windows and a door) 6.Contact (sexual contacts) 7.Feeling (a person with an arrow in his eye) 8.Craving (a person drinking alcohol) 9.Grasping (a monkey picking fruit from a tree) 10.Becoming ( a pregnant woman) 11.Rebirth (a baby being born) 12.Old age and death (an old person walking with a cane). At the top left of the painting is the paradise of Amitabha. A pathway leads from the judgment hall of the dead in the hell realm to Amitabha's paradise, along which those being with the most fortunate Karma proceed. At the top right is Shakyamuni Buddha who, having attained liberation from the wheel of existence, points towards his perfect wheel of the Buddhadharma.

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65 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

66 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

67 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

68 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

69 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

70 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

71 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

72 Linear concept of Existence BirthLifeDeath leading to : End of existence - Nihilism or Eternal life - Eternalism Eternity

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74 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

75 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

76 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

77 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

78 Cyclical concept of Existence Birth Death Life

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80 Dependent Origination The Buddha : Whoever sees Dependent Origination sees the Dhamma. 1.Principle of Causality. 2.The components and causes of rebirth. 3.The cyclical nature of existence. 4.How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana.

81 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

82 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

83 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

84 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

85 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

86 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

87 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

88 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

89 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

90 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

91 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

92 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

93 Three lifetime model Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

94 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

95 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

96 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

97 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

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100 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusionPast life Kammic formationsKamma Rebirth consciousness Mind and matterPresent life Six sense basesResultants Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming BirthFuture life Decay, suffering and deathResultants

101 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusion Kammic formations Rebirth consciousness Mind and matter Six sense bases Contact Feeling CravingPresent life ClingingKamma Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

102 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Ignorance or delusion Kammic formations Rebirth consciousness Mind and matter Six sense bases Contact Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

103 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Kammic formations Rebirth consciousness Mind and matter Six sense bases Contact Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

104 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Rebirth consciousness Mind and matter Six sense bases Contact Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

105 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Mind and matter Six sense bases Contact Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

106 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Six sense bases Contact Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

107 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Contact Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

108 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Feeling Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

109 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Craving Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

110 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Clinging Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

111 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Becoming Birth Decay, suffering and death

112 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Birth Decay, suffering and death

113 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. Decay, suffering and death

114 How to attain happiness, and finally Nibbana. NIBBANA!!!

115 Prepared by T Y Lee


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