Presentation on theme: "W ORLD L ITERATURE 10/20. Q UIZ - ON A FRESH PAGE IN YOUR JOURNALS 1. What are the main 3 stages of the hero’s journey? 2. What is an epic? 3. What is."— Presentation transcript:
Q UIZ - ON A FRESH PAGE IN YOUR JOURNALS 1. What are the main 3 stages of the hero’s journey? 2. What is an epic? 3. What is a simile 4. What is an epithet?
D ID YOU REMEMBER ? 1. What are the main 3 stages of the hero’s journey? Separation/departure, Initiation and Transformation, the Return 2. What is an epic? A narrative poem about brave deeds and heroic characters told in an elevated style 3. What is a simile? Literary comparison using like or as 4. What is an epithet? Adjective or descriptive term that points out some trait of the person or thing considered
L EARNING T ARGETS Define and understand concept of an archetype Define and identify the stages of the hero’s journey Purpose: In being able to identify the archetype of the hero’s journey, you will be able to see connections between literature of various cultures and time periods.
A RCHETYPE Pattern of character, thought, image, etc. that is universally present Example: pattern of the heroic character that repeats through literature and history across cultures and time Odysseus, King Arthur, Buddha, Moses, Jesus, Luke Skywalker, Harry Potter
L ITERARY DEFINITION : E PIC An epic is a long narrative work about a larger than life hero who is engaged in a dangerous journey or quest that is important to the history of a nation or people Elements: Epic Hero Epic Conflict Heroic Quest Divine Intervention
E PIC H ERO D EFINED General Harry Potter Example Unusual birth Some strength Have mentor or guide Often a mystical force Flawed Physically or emotionally or both Mother sacrificed herself for him to live Wizard Dumbledore Physical connection to Voldemort, emotional need (to a level of compulsion) to find a family
T HE S TAGES OF THE H ERO ’ S J OURNEY Adapted from Joseph Campbell’s A Hero with a Thousand Faces (view Joseph Campbell’s A Hero’s Journey video clip 43:40-48 minutes)
T HREE MAIN CATEGORIES DepartureInitiationReturn
T HREE MAIN CATEGORIES Departure- Hero ventures out on quest Initiation - the adventures and challenges on the quest Return- hero returns home with knowledge and power earned on the quest
M ODERN E PIC H EROS Like the Star Wars Saga, each Harry Potter book or film is a hero’s journey in itself. It works even better when viewed as a whole to see the archetype, the pattern.
D EPARTURE The Call Hero receives a call to go on an adventure and often initially refuses Luke Skywalker meets Obi Wan but doesn’t get that he is also a Jedi Harry Potter receives the letter that says he is a wizard and doesn’t believe it at first Something happens that forces the character to accept the call Luke Skywalker’s aunt and uncle are killed, forcing him to go with Obi Wan For Harry, Hagrid shows up on his 11 th birthday to take him to Hogwarts Crossing the Threshold Moving from the known to the unknown Luke Skywalker goes with Obi Wan to the bar with all the strange creatures Harry Potter leaves the muggle world to go to Hogwarts Threshold guardians (obstacles) Storm Troopers Fluffy, Draco, etc. Mentors and helpers Obi Wan, R2D2, C3PO for Luke Dumbledore, Hagrid, Ron, Hermione, etc. for Harry
H ARRY ’ S D EPARTURE ( REFUSAL THEN ACCEPTANCE OF THE CALL ) Harry can converse with the snake at the zoo. (sign of the call and his special abilities) The letter arrives at #4 Privet Drive and Harry is prevented from seeing them. Hagrid gets him from the shack, and Harry finds the new world in Diagon Alley the on to Hogwarts (Why the big entrance to Hogwarts in each book? A new threshold each time.) Refusal/Unanswered Call Acceptance http:/ /wiza rding life.co m/20 11/08 /diag on- alley- the- perfe ct- place -to- have- a- famil y- vacat ion/ http://www.alicia-logic.com/capspages/caps_viewall.asp?criteria=Title&start=721
I NITIATION AND T RANSFORMATION The Challenges and Trials progressing in difficulty Tempters/tricksters make things tough Descent into Darkness-actual or metaphorical Hell The biggest challenge-must be faced alone, the hero has to go on without helpers or mentor Obi Wan dies and Luke has to destroy the death star alone Harry faces Voldemort by himself (multiple times in the series) Death and rebirth-spiritual or actual Luke has a spiritual rebirth. He finds the force. Harry dies then comes back to life. Revelation and Reconciliation Facing fear and flaw A new self or sense of self Reconciles with others in life Luke finds the force, starts to believe he’s a Jedi, finds out who is father is Harry accepts his role in the prophecy and faces his fear of death but also realizes he has a choice in his destiny
H ARRY ’ S I NITIATION Chamber of Secrets Tri Wizard Tournament Seeking the horcruxes The bulk of the action Challenges/Trials http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Horcruxes.jpg http://www.canmag.com/news/4/3/1965
H ARRY ’ S I NITIATION CONT ’ Think about it. He faces the guardian-Fluffy then goes down (descends) He descends again into the Ministry of Magic to the Department of Mysteries in Book 5 It doesn’t have to be a physical descent though. Harry in book 7 faces Voldemort alone and faces his own mortality Descent http://www.chud.com/60160/movie-of-the-day-harry-potter-and-the-chamber-of-secrets/ http://fantasyfaceoff.proboards.com/index.cgi?board=races&action=display&thread=431
H ARRY ’ S T RANSFORMATION AND R ECONCILIATION He has to reconcile each year with Vernon Dursley In the end, he reconciles with Dumbledore when he speaks with him in death Harry accepts his role in the prophecy and faces his fear of death but also realizes he has a choice in his destiny Harry realizes that he has a family in life, what he has always wanted (though he was always longing for his parents or Sirius as his only family) http://www.softsclub.com/movies/1014511-harry-potter-deathly-hallows-part-2-ts- 2011-a.html
T HE R ETURN Goal has been met (or not) Deathstar destroyed Voldemort defeated (again and again) return (with a Gift, the reward ) to assume new role in life Luke gains the force, wins rebel award Griffindor wins house cup, Harry gets the girl and life Saves or contributes to society Luke joins the rebel forces Harry returns to the world of the living and goes on to have a family
H ARRY ’ S R ETURN In books 1-5, Harry returns from his trials mostly triumphant. He returns to Hogwarts at the end of each book (often ending up in the hospital wing) He grows in power and knowledge and acceptance of his power and role in the prophecy In the final book, he dies and considers that he may refuse to return to the world. In the end, he returns to the living world then we later find to his family (Ginny, kids and friends) http://www.hp-lexicon.org/magic/medical.html http://herocomplex.latimes.com/2011/08/05/harry-potter-stars-say-final-scene-was-a-challenge-for-the- ages/
T HE KEY POINTS RECAPPED The hero has to go out into the world This is called the _________________ face challenges and fears, change/transform This is called the ___________________ then return home with something to offer This is called the ___________________
O THER STORIES THAT FOLLOW HERO ’ S JOURNEY ? With a partner Think about a hero from a modern story. How does this hero follow the hero’s journey? Make a Hero’s Journey Poster of your hero. Be sure to include: An illustration of your character 1-2 sentences explaining each stage of the hero’s journey for your hero
A S YOU READ Keep track of the Hero’s virtues, strengths and weaknesses What does the hero seek? How will this help his people? Think about the values that the epic conveys about the culture that produced it What values does the Hero represent Focus on the Epic Hero Focus on the Cultural Values