Presentation on theme: "Elements of Fiction Plot Theme Setting Characterization Narration."— Presentation transcript:
Elements of Fiction Plot Theme Setting Characterization Narration
Plot Simply put, plot is what happens in the story. Some call it the storyline. When doing an Elements of fiction hand, describe the plot in ten words or less without revealing the plot’s climax or resolution.
PLOT Climax End Resolution Beginning Expositions The series of events and actions that takes place in a story.
Plot Line Exposition: The start of the story. The way things are before the action starts. Rising Action: the series of conflicts and crisis in the story that lead to the climax. Falling Action: all of the action which follows the Climax. Resolution: The conclusion, the tying together of all of the threads. Climax: The turning point. The most intense moment (either mentally or in action.
Theme It’s the moral or main idea of the story. Themes do not provide any plot developments, are not expressed in a single word, is not the moral or the conflict, and apply to many types of stories in almost any genre. Can Be expressed in a single sentence Its central idea. It usually contains some insight into the human condition.
Theme, cont…. Identifying the Theme in Five Steps To identify the theme, be sure that you’ve first identified the story’s plot, the way the story uses characterization, and the primary conflict in the story. 1. Summarize the plot by writing a one-sentence description for the exposition, the conflict, the rising action, the climax, the falling action, and the resolution. 2. Identify the subject of the work.
THEME 3. Identify the insight or truth that was learned about the subject. How did the protagonist change? What lesson did the protagonist learn from the resolution of the conflict? 4. State how the plot presents the primary insight or truth about the subject. 5. Write one or more generalized, declarative sentences that state what was learned and how it was learned.
THEME Theme Test Is the theme supported by evidence from the work itself? Are all the author’s choices of plot, character, conflict, and tone controlled by this theme?
THEMES IN HARRY POTTER:
Family is a very important theme throughout Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone. Harry misses the family he never knew – his parents – and hates the one he's stuck with – the Dursleys. Blood ties only go so far, and relationships don't necessarily mean that love is felt. Far from it, in fact. The Dursleys feed, clothe, and shelter Harry (barely), but they don't love him, and they certainly don't treat him as though he belongs. Instead, it's the people Harry meets at Hogwarts, both students and faculty, who care for and nurture him, and who slowly become his new, chosen family.
THEMES: Making friends is arguably one of the best things about going to Hogwarts. Without friends, life can be pretty sad. Having someone to side with, to share with, and to study with – someone who has your back, and who needs you to cover his/hers – is huge. Yet for Harry Potter and some of the other characters who've been set apart by their magical abilities, making real friends is only possible at wizarding school. Wizard friends are lifesavers, literally: who else can you collaborate with to defeat three-headed dogs or evil overlords? By making friends, the characters get to work together, learn from each other, and accomplish more than they ever would have on their own.
THEMES: Home is where the Hogwarts is. In Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, school's not just where you study and learn cools spells; it's a real home. Harry may start out living in a house with the Dursleys, but it doesn't feel like home to him. To abuse the immortal words of Burt Bacharach, that "house is not a home." At Hogwarts, and in Gryffindor in particular, Harry finally feels a sense of belonging and comfort. Responsible adults care about and look after him, and he has good experiences, good meals, and good friends. It's not sugarcoated – there are still small and large-scale enemies – but for the first time Harry finds pleasure and safety in his living space.immortal words of Burt Bacharach
Symbolism A symbol represents an idea, quality, or concept larger than itself. A Journey can symbolize life. Black can represent evil or death. Water may represent a new beginning. A lion could be a symbol of courage.
Characterization The main character in a story is called the protagonist. She or he is always involved in the main conflict and its resolution. The person opposing the protagonist is called the antagonist. When doing an Elements of Fiction hand, use the methods of characterization (flat, round, dynamic, or static) to describe the protagonists and antagonists in the story.
Narration First Person Point of View: The narrator tells the story and is a character in the story. (Pronouns: I, me, us, we, our, etc.) Third Person Omniscient: The narrator is not a character in the story but can tell you the thoughts and actions of all characters at all times. (Pronouns: he, she, him, her, they, them, etc.) Third Person Limited: The narrator is not a character in the story but can tell you the thoughts and actions of a few key characters at all times. (Pronouns: he, she, him, her, they, them, etc.)
Setting The setting provides us with the when and where the story took place. In addition, the context or historical background in which the story is set provides us with additional plot information. The Geographical Location The Time Period The Specific location like room The socioeconomic status of the location
Methods of Characterization
Flat Characterization A character who has one or two sides, representing one or two traits—often a stereotype. Flat characters help move the plot along more quickly because the audience immediately understands what the character is about. Example: Like a geeky science professor
Round Characterization A character who is complex and has many sides or traits with unpredictable behavior and a fully developed personality. Antagonists are usually a round characterization. Example: Like The Green Goblin (Norman Osborn)
ROUND CHARACTERS Main characters must be round in order to be believable. EXAMPLES: Harry Potter, Ronald Weasley, Hermione Granger, Ginny Weasley, and Severus Snape are among some of the round characters in the Harry Potter series
DYNAMIC CHARACTERS A dynamic character is a major character in a work of fiction whose personality changes through the course of the story due to a change in the situation or the plot. The change is an internal decision made by the character based on what happens during the story. This change in the character’s personality must be permanent. 14. The change may be from weak to strong, from strong to weak, from a cheery person to a person in distress, and the like. 16. Both the protagonist and the antagonist can be dynamic characters.
DYNAMIC CHARACTERS Dynamic traits are made evident by Neville Longbottom, Harry Potter's classmate. A perpetually petrified student at Hogwart's through most of the series, by the end Neville leads an army of students to fight against Voldemort, the evil character feared by all
Dynamic Characterization A character who experiences an essential change in personality or attitude. Protagonists are almost always dynamic. Example: Stitch, from Lilo and Stitch
Static Characterization A character who does not change or develop beyond the way in which she or he is first presented. Example: Atticus Finch from To Kill a Mockingbird.
Other Fiction Elements Allusion: a reference to a person, place or literary, historical, artistic, mythological source or event. “It was in St. Louis, Missouri, where they have that giant McDonald’s thing towering over the city…”(Bean Trees 15) Atmosphere: the prevailing emotional and mental climate of a piece of fiction. Dialogue: the reproduction of a conversation between two of the characters.
Other Elements Continued Foreshadowing: early clues about what will happen later in a piece of fiction. Irony: a difference between what is expected and reality. Style: a writer’s individual and distinct way of writing. The total of the qualities that distinguish one author’s writing from another’s. Structure: the way time moves through a novel. Chronological: starts at the beginning and moves through time. Flashback: starts in the present and then goes back to the past. Circular or Anticipatory: starts in the present, flashes back to the past, and returns to the present at the conclusion.