Presentation on theme: "Summit Hill Elementary Art EDventures “Turning and Burning” 2nd Grade/Social Studies Appalachian Plateau Lanier Meaders Brought to you by S.H.E. PTA PLEASE."— Presentation transcript:
Summit Hill Elementary Art EDventures “Turning and Burning” 2nd Grade/Social Studies Appalachian Plateau Lanier Meaders Brought to you by S.H.E. PTA PLEASE NOTE: This presentation is to be used for educational purposes only. Do not reproduce.
Meet Lanier Meaders One of America’s most famous folk potters.
Appalachian Plateau There’s a special place you should know about. It’s called the Appalachian Plateau. This area includes the second largest mountain system in the United states called the Appalachian Mountains and it stretches all the way from New York to Alabama! (hit enter) A small part of it even runs through Georgia. (hit enter) It was also birthplace and home to a very unique potter named Lanier Meaders, (pronounced Medders) who was born in 1917 in Mossy Creek, Georgia. (hit enter)
The Appalachian Way Like Meaders family, most of the people in Appalachia were pioneers who moved from places like Ireland and Scotland. When they tried to cross the Appalachian ridges, they found the mountains to be 4,000 ft. high! So, they decided to settle in remote, out-of-the-way, small mountain communities to farm, craft, and mine coal, which was abundant in mountains. Because Appalachia was far from modern cities, the people had to be self sufficient. They made their own houses, raised their own food and created their own entertainment. Their culture was unique. It produced Bluegrass Music and Folk Art. (hit enter)
Father To Son, To Grandson… For instance, Appalachian people often created raw art from their imagination with no schooling or training. This is called Folk Art. Folk Art is typically passed down from one generation to another. For example, Lanier Meaders learned how to make pottery from his father, Cheever… (enter) …who learned the trade from his father, John. (enter)
In the early days (1892), when Grandpa John was alive, potters were just as important to a community as a blacksmith or wagon maker. In fact, without pottery, no one could keep the food they needed to get through the winter. When there wasn’t a lot of money around, potters would trade their work for whatever people had to offer like a couple of chickens or a bag of beans. Later, when glass and tin were easier to get, the need for pottery dwindled. Eventually, most of the pottery shops in the Appalachian Mountain states closed. Grandpa John
However, when Lanier’s dad, Cheever was young (1930’s), new highways were built through parts of the Appalachian Mountains that never had access before. Tourists traveling these highways “discovered” the handmade Appalachian pottery and loved it; breathing life back into the art form and the Meader’s family business. Papa Cheever
Lanier’s “Turn and Burn” Lanier kept the Meader’s pottery tradition going and insisted on doing things the old-fashioned way. He worked in a simple workshop made of logs. (hit enter) Dug up clay from the riverbank on his land. Used a foot-powered potter’s wheel to hand-form every piece. (hit enter) Applied a shiny glaze by hand. (hit enter) Fired the pieces in a simple wood-fired brick kiln. (hit enter) turning and burningHe felt it was important to preserve these old methods called “turning and burning.” Applying Glaze “Turning” on a potters wheel.
He even revived an old-time mountain tradition of pottery called “face jugs.” He learned how to make them from his dad, who called them “whimseys,” and a waste of time. Face jugs were used to keep children away from things in the kitchen. They were told: “If you drink what’s in the jug, your face will look like THIS!” Would YOU drink from one of these? Face Jugs
Face Jugs Made Famous When Lanier was 38 years old, the Smithsonian Institute in Washington, DC was looking for folk artists to include in the first Festival of American Folk Life. They choose his face jugs to be part of the festival. His work became famous and is still on display today! (enter) Lanier was also given Georigia’s prestigious Governor’s Award for his art. Then, he became the best known Folk potter in the country.(hit enter)
Keeping The Culture Lanier helped preserve this art form and the Georgia pottery tradition is alive and well today! Thankfully, face jugs have become very popular and highly collectable! (hit enter) Many artists today still make them!
Art EDventures Sample Now it’s your turn be an Appalachian Folk Artist like Lanier Meaders. Face Jug So Let’s Play In The MUD!
Project Art EDventures Your Jug You should each have a plastic cup. That will become your jug! Draw The Paw Tip it up-side-down and use a Sharpie to sign your name and “Draw the Paw” on the bottom of your cup. This will let others know your face jug is an Art EDventures creation. Your Clay First, you will need some brown Model Magic-that’s your clay. Turning Time Take half and cover the outside of your jug. Be gentle so you don’t break the plastic! Smooth a thin layer all they way around with your hands, going just over the lid. Do not cover the inside of the cup or you will run out of clay! Funny or Frightening Face? Once your cup is covered, use the remaining clay to form facial features such as ears, eyes, nose, etc. Face jugs are famous for their ugly features, so don’t make a pretty one! Forming Features You can pinch the clay to form shapes like noses or ears or roll it between the palms of your hands to make “coils” to use for lips or eyebrows. Roll it into balls to make eyes. Gently press the shapes into the clay on the cup. Be creative and HAVE FUN! Burning Time You don’t have to bake or “burn” this clay in a kiln. It will dry in the air and soon you will have your very own face jug. (But don’t drink out of it!) What sorts sort of things will you keep in it?
Supply List Plastic cups---one per child Crayola Model Magic modeling clay in earth tone. Each child should have 2 ounces of the clay (one half of a package). Sharpies for signing names on the bottom of the cups
G.P.S. Ties SS2E1 The student will explain that because of scarcity, people must make choices and incur opportunity costs. SS2G1 The student will locate major topographical features of Georgia and will describe how these features define Georgia’s surface. a. Locate all the geographic regions of Georgia: Blue Ridge Mountains, Piedmont, Coastal Plain, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau. b. Locate the major rivers: Ocmulgee, Oconee, Altamaha, Savannah, St. Mary’s, Chattahoochee, and Flint.
Dear Mom, Dad or Caretaker, Today we learned about an Appalachian Folk Artist named Lanier Meaders. In fact, he is the most famous folk art potter in the country. He is best known for his funny looking face jugs. Lanier’s father and grandfather were also potters. In Appalachia, a long time ago when Lanier’s Grandpa was alive, potters were as important to a community as Black Smith or Wagon maker. And, when people didn’t have a lot of money, they would trade things like chickens and beans for his pottery. We also learned about the Appalachian Plateau and the Scotch-Irish settlers that live in the area. Ask me what kind of music comes from Appalachia! Take a look at the face jug I made-it’s supposed to be UGLY!!! Art EDventures Made possible with your donations to S.H.E.’s PTA Dear Mom, Dad or Caretaker, Today we learned about an Appalachian Folk Artist named Lanier Meaders. In fact, he is the most famous folk art potter in the country. He is best known for his funny looking face jugs. Lanier’s father and grandfather were also potters. In Appalachia, a long time ago when Lanier’s Grandpa was alive, potters were as important to a community as Black Smith or Wagon maker. And, when people didn’t have a lot of money, they would trade things like chickens and beans for his pottery. We also learned about the Appalachian Plateau and the Scotch-Irish settlers that live in the area. Ask me what kind of music comes from Appalachia! Take a look at the face jug I made-it’s supposed to be UGLY!!! Art EDventures Made possible with your donations to S.H.E.’s PTA Lanier MeadersFace JugLanier MeadersFace Jug