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Isaiah - Malachi. Website: FACILITATOR: John Stevenson.

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Presentation on theme: "Isaiah - Malachi. Website: FACILITATOR: John Stevenson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Isaiah - Malachi

2 Website: FACILITATOR: John Stevenson

3

4 SESSION ONE: HERMENEUTICAL ISSUES IN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHECY

5 WHAT WAS AN OLD TESTAMENT PROPHET?

6 Old Testament Designations for "Prophet" Prophet - aybn Seer Servant Messenger Man of God

7 The Function of the Old Testament Prophet They functioned as Preachers They functioned as Predictors

8 Distinctive Roles of Prophet Versus Priest

9 WHAT DID THE PROPHETS DO? Covenant Dynamics in Ancient Near East and Covenant Diplomats Covenant Dynamics in Israel and the Prophets

10 Received messages from God Called by God Wrote Scriptures Passed Biblical Tests

11 THE HISTORY OF THE PROPHETS

12 Pre-Monarchial Patriarchal Prophets The Patriarchs Prophets of the Exodus and Conquest Prophet/Judges

13 Prophets of the United Kingdom Samuel Gad Nathan

14 Early Prophets of the Divided Kingdom Ahijah Shemaiah Shemaiah, Gad and Iddo Jehu Elijah and Elisha

15  Jerusalem ISRAEL JUDAH

16 Judah & Israel

17  Jerusalem ISRAEL JUDAH  BETHEL  DAN

18 EGYPT  Damascus  Babylon ASSYRIA

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21 Literary Prophets of the Divided Kingdom Obadiah: Prophesied of Edom Joel: Date uncertain Jonah: God’s attitude to Gentiles Hosea: Israel’s Unfaithfulness Amos: Social Injustice Isaiah: To Judah Micah: To Judah and Israel

22  Jerusalem ISRAEL JUDAH 721 B.C.

23 Pre-Exilic Prophets of Judah Nahum: Judgment against Nineveh Zephaniah: Day of the Lord against Judah Habakkuk: Prayer

24  Jerusalem ASSYRIA  Babylon (Chaldeans) Medes Scythians

25  Jerusalem  Babylon (Chaldeans) Medes Scythians

26 Prophets of the Exile Jeremiah: “The Weeping Prophet” Daniel: Historical Narrative and Prophetic Visions Ezekiel: Common Captivity

27  Jerusalem  Babylon Medes Persia Cyrus the Great 539 B.C.

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29 Post-Exilic Prophets Joel? - The Day of the Lord and Ultimate Restoration Haggai: Encouragement to rebuild the Temple Zechariah: Visions of God’s Working in History Malachi: A call to faithfulness

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31 WHAT ARE THE CONTOURS OF PROPHETIC PREDICTIONS? Blessings and Cursings Greater and Lesser High and Low Determination

32 Two Types of Covenants Covenant of Parity Suzerain Covenant

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34 Greater and Lesser Leviticus 26

35 Greater and Lesser Leviticus 26 Verses Promises of Curses Verses 1-13 Promises of Blessing Rain for crops Security in land Victory over enemies God with His people Disease Invasion Defeat “Seven times more” Removed from Land

36 HIGH AND LOW DETERMINATION

37 The word which came to Jeremiah from the LORD saying, 2 "Arise and go down to the potter's house, and there I shall announce My words to you." 3 Then I went down to the potter's house, and there he was, making something on the wheel. 4 But the vessel that he was making of clay was spoiled in the hand of the potter; so he remade it into another vessel, as it pleased the potter to make. Jeremiah 18:1-4

38 Then the word of the LORD came to me saying, 6 "Can I not, O house of Israel, deal with you as this potter does?" declares the LORD. "Behold, like the clay in the potter's hand, so are you in My hand, O house of Israel. Jeremiah 18:5-6

39 Jeremiah 18:7-10

40 Flow of Thought

41 High & Low Determination Conditional Predictions: “If… then” clauses Unqualified Predictions Confirmed Predictions Sworn Predictions

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43 Homework for next Class Begin Viewing He Gave us Prophets Series - Audio at for lessons 1-6. Take notes on Lesson 1 of He Gave us Prophets and turn in for grade (Use Study Guide on Web). Read Pratt’s Historical Contingencies & Biblical Predictions at Website


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