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Computing Fundamentals Unit 5- Computer Software.

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Presentation on theme: "Computing Fundamentals Unit 5- Computer Software."— Presentation transcript:

1 Computing Fundamentals Unit 5- Computer Software

2 Hardware vs. Software What is Hardware? Hardware is physical You can touch it What is Software? Instructions to perform a task Program is another name Both work together & interact

3 Hardware & Software Working Together

4 2 Types of Software Applications Helps you do a task Systems OS & utility programs Manages computer resources

5 Application Software AKA Productivity Software Word, Excel, PowerPoint, PhotoShop, IE, etc.

6 Systems Software Manage resources, files OS Utilities Antivirus Backup File management (more on next slide)

7 Utilities Disk Compression Squeezes files on drive to make more room Backup Saves data on another drive Antivirus Protects PC from virus damage Defragmentation (example) Defragmentation Places parts of a single file closer together on the hard drive

8 Defrag, Cleanup, Compress Defragmentation Files are all over the place Defrag places parts of a file closer together Disk Cleanup Frees up disk space Disk Compression Squeezes files on HD

9 Defrag in Vista Enter in Search Accessories…System Tools

10 Operating Systems DOS Old Text based, single task only Command Prompt Mac OS Windows 3.0, 3.1, 95, 98, 2000, Me, XP, Vista, 7 Network OS (NOS) Novell

11 Boot Up Process POST (verifies hardware) ROM passes boot instructions to RAM OS located on HD, loaded into RAM C: Drive Check Hardware ROM passes boot instructions to RAM Find OS on the Hard Drive Run OS & load into RAM

12 User Interfaces How you interact with OS Command Line Interface (CLI) DOS Graphical User Interface (GUI) Icons to click

13 Freeware vs. Shareware Freeware Free software to download Owner has copyright For personal use No rights for you to distribute Shareware Trial period Pay after that

14 Computing Fundamentals Unit 5-7 Essential Skills & Windows

15 Start Up Process 1. Power On 2. POST Checks RAM, keyboard & drives 3. BIOS (ROM) searches for OS to load Location of OS is usually C: 4. OS loaded in RAM Drivers loaded 5. GUI loaded & displayed

16 Using Vista

17 Start Button

18 Search & Programs

19 Programs

20 Taskbar Moving You can move, resize, or lock the taskbar

21 Mini applications Weather, news, traffic, etc. Clock, CPU meter, temperature Start, All Programs, Accessories, Sidebar Start…Search Sidebar Link Sidebar & Gadgets

22 Help F1 in programs Windows Help

23 Exiting the Computer Switch User Switch but programs still running Log Off Closes programs & waits for log on Lock No one else can log on Restart Sleep Save & go to low-power state Hibernate Save & power down Shut Down

24 Restarting the Computer Warm Boot/ Task Manager Restart Ctrl +Alt + Delete Cold Boot Powering it off with power button Wait 30 seconds before turning back on

25 Project Complete two of five short essays

26 The Window Minimize, Restore Down/Maximize, Close Window working in is ACTIVE WINDOW

27 Computer

28 Computer- The Window

29 Personalize

30 Changing Icons Right-click on desktop Personalize Change desktop icons Select item & icon

31 Icons

32 Project Create desktop folder Create desktop icon/shortcut Copy file to folder View folder properties Delete folder & shortcut

33 Multitasking Work on more than one task at a time Alt-Tab Organize Cascade- overlays w/ title bars showing Stacked- horizontal top to bottom Side by Side- vertical Desktop- minimizes all windows Open 4 programs & try

34 Review T or F. Click the restore down button to minimize the window. When you hibernate, Windows saves your documents & powers down. The ________ is the main area you see when you turn on the computer. The window you are working in is called the ____________________. A _______ is an item that represents a link to the item.

35 Control Panel

36 CP- System & Maintenance Backup & restore, update, power

37 CP- Security Updates, firewall, defender

38 CP- Network & Internet Connect to network, Internet

39 CP- Hardware & Sound Manage hardware, printers, sound, mouse, keyboard, scanner

40 CP- Programs Uninstall program, remove Windows components

41 CP- User Accounts Users, passwords

42 CP- Appearance & Personalization Desktop colors, background, resolution, sidebar, screen saver

43 CP- Clock, Lang. & Region Set clock, date, time zone

44 CP- Ease of Access Adjust for vision, hearing, mobility disabilities Larger text, magnify, visual cues, etc.

45 Project Find CP info

46 Selecting Files Ctrl+A Selects all Ctrl+C Copy Ctrl+V Paste Press Control to select multiple Use Shift to select a range Do This in Vista

47 Rename a File or Folder No two files in the same folder can have the same name Black line around name= Edit Mode Max 255 characters Single click & press F2 Right-click, rename

48 Folder Options Appearance of folders How they open Right-click on file, Properties Restore Defaults

49 Views Can change views

50 Views

51 Recycle Bin Temp storage of deleted files Shows empty or full Each user has their own Can restore files inside Empty deletes all files bin

52 Review

53

54 Menus Shaded menus Unavailable Ellipses… Opens window with more info (dialog) Underlined Letters Alt + C Shortcut keys Ctrl+O Right arrow Sub-menu

55 Dialog Boxes Option Buttons Radio Command buttons Check Boxes Drop-down list Text Boxes List Boxes

56 Dialog Boxes

57 Message Box Start Run Run dialog box Type your first name Click OK This is a message box

58 Computing Fundamentals The End

59 Computing Fundamentals Windows XP

60 Defrag, Cleanup & Compress My Computer Right click C Properties Tools Tab Also under Accessories, System Tools

61 Defrag, Cleanup & Compress

62

63 Utility- Compression

64 Teknimedia Online A2.25- What is Software? A2.26- System Software A2.36- RS-Utility Programs A2.37- RS-Other Programs A2.38- Ex- Software Categories

65 End of Day One Review 1. What two types of general software are there? Application & Systems 2. Paint is an example of which kind of software? Application 3. Backup software is which type? Systems, Utility

66 Operating Systems Mac OS Apple OS X DOS Disk Operating System IBM used it in 1981 from some small company named Microsoft Ever heard of ‘em???

67 Operating Systems Windows Multitasking UNIX Linux NOS (Network Operating Systems) Novell Windows

68 User Interfaces What you see, how you interact with computer CLI Command Line Interface DOS GUI Graphical User Interface Icons Windows, Mac

69 Start Up Process Power On POST Checks RAM, keyboard & drives BIOS searches for boot record On ROM Boot record loaded in RAM Drivers loaded GUI loaded & displayed

70 Review 1. What’s another name for software? Programs 2. What are the two basic types of software? Application & System 3. What does CLI stand for & give an example of one. Command line interface DOS

71 End of Day Two Teknimedia Online Finish the following… A2.25- What is Software? A2.26- System Software A2.36- RS-Utility Programs A2.37- RS-Other Programs A2.38- Ex- Software Categories PLUS… A2.27- RS-Operating Systems A2.39- Software Compatibility A2.43- Software Development

72 Computing Fundamentals Unit 5- Essential Computer Skills

73 GUI Desktop

74 Window & Scroll Bar Window Area used to display a program, data, or other info Can be resized & moved Scroll Bar Horizontal or vertical bar Moves the frame

75 Icons & Pointer Icon Small picture that represent a function Pointer Shows position of the mouse Arrow or I-beam usually

76 Menu Text interface with drop-down options You click an option to perform a command

77 Taskbar At bottom Has Start, Open windows (tasks in progress), clock Quick Launch Icons Allows quick start to program Notification Area Shows loaded programs running in the background

78 Taskbar Moving You can move, resize, or lock the taskbar

79 Identify Items on Handout

80 Teknimedia Online A1.1- Operating System A1.2- Common Elements A1.3- Buttons & Icons A1.4- Ex- Buttons & Icons

81 The Recycle Bin Open Recycle Bin Double-click the icon Right-click, open

82 The Window

83 End of Day Three Review What is the area called near the clock? Notification area What is the blue bar called at the top of a window? Title bar Once you delete a file, you can not recover it. True or False? False, restore it in the recycle bin

84 Teknimedia Online A1.5- Windows A1.6- Ex- Windows A1.7- Menus A1.8- Ex- Menus A1.9- Quiz Take the quiz until you get an A A1.18- A1.22

85 Format a Floppy Disk 3.5”, 1.44MB Come already formatted now Erases data Quick Format Startup disk

86 Folders & Files

87 Files & Folders Folder holds files

88 Files & Folders

89 Organize Files & Making Folders H: drive (New Folder & give it a name)

90 Rename & Delete Folders Rename the folder (3 ways) & delete the folder

91 Teknimedia Online A3.1- A3.16- The Computer’s Filing System

92 Copy, Cut, Paste Files & Folders No two files in the same folder can have the same name Copy- Ctrl+C or right-click Cut- Ctrl+X, will copy item Paste- Ctrl+V

93 Selecting Multiple Adjacent Files Click 1 st Hold Shift Click last one

94 Selecting Multiple Non-Adjacent Files Click 1 st Ctrl Click each one while holding control

95 End of Day Four Teknimedia A3.23- A3.28 A3.29 Quiz Take until you get an A

96 Switching Open Programs Only 1 is active Title bar will be bright Others will be shaded Alt-Tab

97 Freeware vs. Shareware Freeware Free software to download Owner has copyright For personal use No rights for you to distribute Shareware Trial period Pay after that

98 Software Upgrading Fixes for bugs (free) New versions w/ new features (pay) Look on manufacturer’s website Or update automatically DON’T UPGRADE FIRST! New Install Install or Setup file May run automatically Register for tech support/upgrades Restart to recognize

99 Computing Fundamentals Extra Unit- Printers

100 Printers Output device Dot Matrix Inkjet Laser All-In-One Plotter

101 Printer Terms DPI Dots per inch More you squeeze, better resolution 600 dpi – 1200 dpi PPM Pages per minute Ink Toner Parallel USB

102 Printers Dot Matrix 9/24 pins hammer an ink ribbon Continuous feed paper Not good for graphics Ink ribbon cheap

103 Printers Inkjet Drops of ink through nozzles Pages per minute Low cost printer Ink can be $$$ Laser Printer High quality Toner

104 Printers Plotter Large prints

105 Choices? Inkjet or Laser? Color or Black & White? How much do you print? Occasional or everyday? Resolution, Photos? Speed Single or multifunction? Network or not?

106 Let’s look at inkjets… Lexmark Z2300 $ ppm black 16 ppm color 1200 dpi USB Hold 100 sheets #14 & 15 cartridges Epson WorkForce 30 $ ppm black 20 ppm color 1440 dpi USB Holds 100 sheets 5 ink cartridges 2 black, c, m, y

107 Review True-False. A printer is an output device. What’s an advantage of using a dot matrix printer? True-False. Inkjets produce high quality printouts. What’s an advantage of using a laser printer? What printer is used for blueprints?

108 Computing Fundamentals Unit 6- Using Technology to Solve Problems

109 Tech Today Use Problem Solving to: Discover which tech to use to solve problem Which tech would enhance your task

110 Problem Solving Steps 1. Define the Problem What really is the problem? 2. Investigate & Analyze Collect the facts Why having problem? 3. Identify Possible Solutions What can be done differently? Added, deleted? Look for several solutions

111 Problem Solving Steps 4.Select & Implement a Solution More than one solution, test each Which is the best? 5.Evaluate Solutions Did it eliminate it?

112 Choosing the Right Software Software can be used for many tasks What else can Word do other than type papers? General Use software Specialized Business software

113 Software Solutions Word Processing Letters, Memos, Faxes, etc. Word, Works, Word Perfect, Open Office Spreadsheet Calculations, charts, graphs, filter data Excel, Lotus 1-2-3

114 Software Solutions Database Software Collection of info, customer list, inventory Access Presentation Software Slides, handouts, effects PowerPoint, Corel Presentations

115 Software Solutions Graphics & Multimedia Software Photos, Flyers, Newsletters, Video, Animation, Web Design PhotoShop, Flash, Dreamweaver Outlook, Eudora Eudora one of the 1 st programs

116 Using Other Technologies to Solve Problems Entertainment Banking Medical Dangerous Tasks Repetitious Tasks Schools

117 Computing Fundamentals Unit 7- Windows Operating System

118 Starting Windows Welcome Screen Accounts Each with their own settings Different themes

119 The Start Menu

120 Mouse Pointer & Shapes Pointer I-Beam Working with text Hourglass Wait Arrow w/ Hourglass Wait, but you can click other things Circle & slash Can’t do that

121 Mouse Buttons Left Right Scroll

122 More Mouse Functions Dragging Press, hold & move Click Press left & release Double-Click Press left twice & release Right-Click Press & release right button Select Point & click

123 Parts of a Window

124 Menus Shaded menus Unavailable Ellipses… Opens window with more info (dialog) Underlined Letters Alt + C Shortcut keys Ctrl+O Right arrow Sub-menu

125 Dialog Boxes Option Buttons Radio Command buttons Check Boxes Drop-down list Text Boxes List Boxes

126 Dialog Boxes

127 Message Box Start Run Run dialog box Type your first name Click OK This is a message box

128 Managing Your Windows Rather than Alt+Tab or Min/Max. Right-click on Taskbar Cascade Tile Horizontally Tile Vertically Show the Desktop

129 Cascade

130 Tile Horizontally

131 Tile Vertically

132 Help! F1 Help Lab

133 Resetting the Computer Warm Boot Restart with Ctrl+Alt+Delete Cold Boot Powering it off with power button Wait 30 seconds before turning back on

134 Shutting Down Log Off Still has power Someone else can log on Switch User Programs open & waiting for you Turn Off or Shut Down Stand by- saves power but keeps programs open Turn off Restart

135 Teknimedia


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