2History of Fitnessgram Fitnessgram was created in 1982 by The Cooper Institute to provide;an easy way for physical education teachers to report to parents on children's fitness levels. Then and now, students are assessed in these areas of health-related fitness: cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition. Scores are evaluated against objective criterion-based standards, called Healthy Fitness Zone® standards, that indicate the level of fitness necessary for health. Fitnessgram software generates the student and parent reports, which contain objective, personalized feedback and positive reinforcement. These reports serve as a communications link between teachers and parents.The Healthy Fitness Zone standards were developed by The Fitnessgram Scientific Advisory Board, a team of scientists and practitioners who are experts in the field of health and fitness, based on extensive research on the relationship between fitness, activity, and health. For more about the development of the Healthy Fitness Zone criterion-referenced standards, and why those standards are important.
3Fitnessgram Program Overview The FITNESSGRAM assessment items include the following:Aerobic Capacity--may select one optionPACER testOne-mile run/walkWalk test (ages 13 or older)Muscular Strength, Endurance, and FlexibilityAbdominal strength and endurance (curl-up)Trunk extensor strength and endurance (trunk lift)Upper body strength and endurance (choose from push-up, modified pull-up, and flexed arm hang)Flexibility (choose from back-saver, sit-and-reach, and shoulder stretch.)Body Composition--may select one optionPercent body fat (calculated from triceps and calf skinfolds or entered from an alternative measuring device)Body mass index (calculated from height and weight)
4Fitnessgram Program Overview - Researchers The following sources provide examples of the research underlying Fitnessgram/Activitygram and articles describing the results of school systems' implementation of Fitnessgram in school districts across the country.Strengthening the Scientific Bases of the FITNESSGRAM ProgramThe History of FITNESSGRAM®Criterion-Referenced Reliability and Equivalency Between the PACER and 1-Mile Run/Walk for High School StudentsComparison of Two Versions of the PACER Aerobic Fitness TestFITNESSGRAM® BMI Standards: Should They Be Race-Specific?The Reliability and Convergent Validity of Field Tests of Body Composition in Young AdolescentsReliability and Validity of Low Back Strength/Muscular Endurance Field Tests in AdolescentsInappropriate and appropriate uses of FitnessgramNYC Health Vital Signs - New York City Health Department and the New York City Department of Education June 2009
5Maximizing the benefits of data collection and analysis with Fitnessgram Goal settingFitness EducationProviding feedback to students and parents, via the reportsHelping students track fitness results over timeDocumenting that assessments are being administeredInstitutional testing allowing teachers to view group data for curriculum development
6Fitnessgram reports communicate fitness goals to students and parents The Fitnessgram report is available as a student report and a parent report. The student report recommends physical activity program options to help students make it into the Healthy Fitness Zone for those areas where they need improvement. The parent report contains the same information on scores, but is addressed to the parents. Both reports explain in nontechnical terms why physical activity is important and how regular physical activity leads to improved health and fitness. Both Fitnessgram reports are a tangible reminder of what students learn in class and a great way to enlist parents' support in their children's physical activity programs.
7District IT SupportIT importsTeachers Enter ScoresDistrict IT request the extract and imports the file using their login.If everything is correct, PE teachers login and enter scores and run relevant reports.Data is entered and available at any time via a click of a button.