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Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara (INTAN) Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam (JPA) National Institute of Public Administration Public Service Department of Malaysia.

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Presentation on theme: "Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara (INTAN) Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam (JPA) National Institute of Public Administration Public Service Department of Malaysia."— Presentation transcript:

1 Institut Tadbiran Awam Negara (INTAN) Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam (JPA) National Institute of Public Administration Public Service Department of Malaysia Kluster Inovasi Teknologi Pengurusan (i-IMATEC) INTAN Bukit Kiara, Kuala Lumpur 11 Mac 2014 Green Data Centre Haizan Yusoff

2 1. Introduction a) Surat Arahan MAMPU b) Garis Panduan Penggunaan ICT ke arah ICT Hijau 2. Data Center Issues & Concerns a) Carbon footprint b) Energy efficiency 3. What is Green Data Center a) Greening the DC b) Green DC Process c) Advantage & Disadvantage 4. Approach to Green Data Center – Technical Opportunities 5. Conclusion CONTENTS: 2

3 Surat Arahan MAMPU

4 4 GARIS PANDUAN ICT HIJAU (MAMPU – 3 Ogos 2010) Peringkat Perolehan Peringkat Penggunaan Peralatan ICT Peringkat Pelupusan Merangkumi 3 Peringkat Pelaksanaan

5 PERINGKAT PEROLEHAN Perolehan produk ICT hendaklah mempunyai spesifikasi ciri-ciri ICT hijau seperti berikut:  Penjimatan penggunaan tenaga elektrik;  Pengeluaran karbon yang rendah;  Pengeluaran haba yang rendah;  Penggunaan bahan toksik yang minimum seperti dakwat pencetak (ink) dan toner;  Komponen di dalam produk tersebut yang boleh diguna semula;  Produk atau sistem ICT yang boleh meningkatkan prestasi mesra alam  Produk ICT ini hendaklah mendapat pengiktirafan sebagai green (hijau) dan eco-friendly dari peringkat negara atau antarabangsa.

6 PERINGKAT PENGGUNAAN Komputer peribadi dan Komputer riba  Tidak menggunakan atau mengaktifkan screen saver;  Memastikan monitor dalam keadaan standby selepas 5 minit tidak aktif;  Memastikan kemudahan power management untuk komputer peribadi dan komputer riba diaktifkan;  Memastikan komputer ditutup dan suis dimatikan, apabila tidak digunakan;  Menggantikan monitor Cathode Ray Tube (CRT) dengan monitor Liquid Crystal Display (LCD);  Menimbangkan penggunaan saiz monitor yang bersesuaian;  Menimbangkan penggunaan teknologi Thin Client. Server  Mengoptimumkan penggunaan server dengan melaksanakan teknologi virtualization;  Memastikan servers yang tidak aktif hendaklah di shut down dan suis dimatikan;

7 Pencetak  Mengaktifkan kemudahan duplex dan draft mode pada pencetak sebagai default settings;  Mengaktifkan kemudahan power-saving sleep mode pada pencetak (jika ada);  Mengurangkan bilangan pencetak stand-alone dengan pengwujudan pencetak rangkaian;  Mengawal dokumen yang berkenaan sahaja untuk dicetak;  Menimbangkan kawalan mencetak di pencetak rangkaian berdasarkan ID pengguna;  Memastikan penggunaan kertas secara optimum;  Mengurangkan penggunaan bahan seperti riben, kertas dan toner. Aplikasi  Menggandakan penggunaan perkhidmatan online;  Mempertingkatkan penggunaan e-mel untuk berkomunikasi bagi tujuan rasmi;  Mempertimbangkan penggunaan saluran baru untuk mendapatkan maklum balas dan aduan secara rasmi. Cth: SMS, Portal, Rangkaian Sosial;  Mempertingkatkan pembangunan aplikasi online. PERINGKAT PENGGUNAAN (samb.)

8 PERINGKAT PELUPUSAN Produk ICT yang perlu dilupuskan hendaklah mengikut tatacara yang digariskan melalui Pekeliling Perbendaharaan Bilangan 5 Tahun 2007 “Tatacara Pengurusan Aset Alih Kerajaan” dan mengambil kira pemuliharaan alam sekitar serta amalan hijau sama ada ianya masih boleh diguna pakai dan dikitar semula (recycle).

9 STRATEGI PELAKSANAAN KECEKAPAN PENGGUNA Power saver Clear screen policy Konsep thin client Format Audit Peralatan ICT KECEKAPAN ENTERPRISE Program Kesedaran Garis Panduan / SOP ICT Hijau Server virtualization & integration Guna teknologi jimat tenaga Audit & pensijilan KITAR HAYAT & PEROLEHAN Kesedaran Polisi Pelupusan Penggunaan teknologi hijau Pengurangan kos Pengurangan penggunaan tenaga IT AS LOW CARBON ENABLER Kurang cetakan Work anywhere policy Video / teleconferencing Pembangunan sistem berasaskan online Hebahan maklumat melalui pelbagai saluran

10 Green Technology

11 This is a measurement of the amount of greenhouse gas, including carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) caused by carbon emissions from electricity consumed by a data center CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS COEFFICIENT (“CARBON FOOTPRINT”) 11

12 Disposal of data center components at end of lifecycle 12

13 Obviously, IT runs on electricity Demands are increasing Produced in large scale predominantly via coal today  Other methods include Hydroelectric, Natural Gas, Nuclear  Pros and Cons with Each Coal burning plants have come a long way in terms of lowering emissions  New renewable energy methods are gaining momentum – solar, wind, wave, geothermal, etc. Carbon Footprint  Amount of CO2 released into the environment by humans  Carbon Trading – market mechanism that economically incents an organizations to buy and sell carbon credits  Carbon tax – government taxes organizations based on CO2 released Water Consumption  A lot of water is consumed during power generation  Data centers use water for cooling  Fresh water could very well be a future problem DATA CENTERS AND ELECTRICITY 13

14 POWER CONSUMPTION Chiller33% IT Equipment30% UPS18% Computer Room Air Conditioning (CRAC)9% Power Distribution Units (PDUs)5% Humidifiers3% Switch / generator1% Lighting1% Notice how only 30% of each watt actually goes to the IT Equipment. Out of every 10 watts sent to the data center, only 3 wind up being used by IT equipment. 42% goes to cooling 24% goes to power 14

15 HOW DATA CENTER ENERGY USE RELATES TO CARBON EMISSIONSLocation Outdoor temperatures & humidity level affect energy consumption Local source of power generation IT Load Number of IT hardware equipment in DC Electrical Efficiency Oversizing DC & underutilizing equipment 15

16 Conventional Data Center High energy usage (for the requirements of every component in the data centre)

17 A green data center is a repository for the storage, management, and dissemination of data in which the mechanical, lighting, electrical and computer systems are designed for maximum energy efficiency and minimum environment impact WHAT IS GREEN DATA CENTRE ? Education SNIA – Building the Green Data Center 2008 Data Center Green Computing Green Data Center 17

18 What is green data centre? Energy saving Maximum power efficiency Minimising carbon footprints; Usage of low-emission materials for the building; Sustainable landscaping; Recycle waste materials Alternative power source (e.g. solar energy).

19 19

20 The real question for Data Center managers is not “Why” but …How? 20

21 How to go green ? How to go green ? Security System Cooling System Lighting Network Communication Equipment Fire Prevention System Computer Equipment Backup / Disaster Recovery

22 Security System Video camera surveillance Security guards Finger print recognition Restricted access Access card for authorised personnel Physical access

23 Cooling System Air conditioning system Redesign your cooling system Modular cooling system less power less carbon footprint

24 Lighting Use LEDs Less power Less heat Energy saving lights Rule-of-thumb: 2W per sq.ft / 21.5W per sq.m. (conventional DC)

25 Network Communication Equipment Routers Switches Monitoring system (onsite and remote) Internet connection Look outside the data center

26 Fire Prevention System Smoke detectors Fire suppression systems

27 Use adjustable equipments Hot aisle / cold aisle configuration to manage air flow Conserve energy Lower cooling costs

28 Computer Equipment Virtualize your server Use energy Star-Rated appliances Donate or recycle legacy servers UPS

29 Backup / Disaster Recovery On-site Off-site Cold site / warm site / hot site Encrypted backups over the Internet Usage of Cloud services Minimise downtime

30 GREEN DATA CENTER PROCESS 30

31 GREEN IT METRICS Need baselines! Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE)  PUE = Total Data Center Facility Power / IT Equipment Power  Total Data Center Power includes everything – PDUs, CRACs, IT Equipment, etc.  IT Equipment Power is just computers, switches, network gear, etc.  Can use to calculate demands If PUE = 3 and new devices is 100 watts then total energy demands could be 3 x 100 = 300 watts total Data Center Infrastructure Efficiency (DCiE)  1/PUE or IT Equipment Power / Total Data Center Power  Just a reciprocal but shows what amount of total power is being used by the IT equipment Understand Actual Usage and Costs  By Service ideally 31

32 ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES  Advantages  Saves energy  Low cost of operations and maintenance in the long run  Reduces CO2 dissipation  Healthy Environment  Increases device’s life  Faster Operations  Easy To Implement  Improves Utilization  Helps to save the world environment  Disadvantages  Special Units Required  Some changes are required in infrastructure  Scattered IT infrastructure  Outdated infrastructures 32

33 HIGH-LEVEL TECHNICAL OPPORTUNITIES 33

34 Consolidate Applications  Do you really need 20 different financial packages?  Can you reduce the servers and storage? Identify and Remove Ghosts  20-30% of servers may no longer be generating value but till incurring operating expenses 1 1 Watt IT Equipment Saved Reduces Cooling 1 Watt  Savings on IT equipment can be a 2-for-1 or even greater Newer is Typically Better  Some cultures “run until things break” Some systems are years old  Newer has more efficient components, better power management, etc.  Fairly true across the board: Servers – Can have dramatic savings considering low average computational utilization to begin with Desktops – Reductions of over 50% UPSes – reduction of power loss of up to 70% over 15 year old systems 1 Chillers –Reductions of 50% 2 TECHNICAL OPPORTUNITIES (1) 1 Brill, Kenneth G. "Data Center Dirty Secrets." Forbes. June 30, cx_kgb_0630goog.htmlhttp://www.forbes.com/technology/2008/06/29/google-microsoft-economics-tech-cio- cx_kgb_0630goog.html 2 The Green Data Center: Steps for the Journey. 34

35  Consolidation & Virtualization of Servers  Easy to add/remove servers  Only power up what is needed  Virtualize hosts or even the data center  Data Center Design  Set the temperature no colder than it needs to be  Temperature based on manufacturer recommendations  Do not want to void warranties!  Set on the cool intake side, not the exhaust side  Improve air flow  Utilize hot and cold aisle designs  close leaks, partitions, properly place ducts, cooling tiles, diffusers, etc.  Leverage economizers in the cooling system  Replace old PDUs, Chillers, CRACs, etc. TECHNICAL OPPORTUNITIES (2) 35

36  Pursue Modular Design Approaches  How can we scale over time  We are increasingly zone-centric – not average  Need to evaluate pods  Evolved from electrical component, to board level, to server and now to pod-level  Use Power Management Features  Studies have shown that usage fluctuates on many systems but power consumption does not – this tells us that existing power management features are not being used  Proper configuration can reduce power demands by 20% 1  Understand Redundancy Energy Costs of redundancy  Redundant (N+1) systems – spares are consuming power if on  Sometimes hot backups are needed, but not always  Review if clusters / hot spares are always needed TECHNICAL OPPORTUNITIES (3) 36

37  Monitor Power Use  Monitor power to the rack level if possible  Track and trend over time  Distributed Generation / On-site Generation  Augmentation - Supply peak power  Cover power loss from utility  Re-sell power to the utility  Technologies  Geothermal  Chena hot springs dropped kw/hr cost from $0.30 to $0.06  Hydroelectric  Solar power  Wind Turbines  More options are appearing weekly! TECHNICAL OPPORTUNITIES (4) 37

38 CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT The first step is only the beginning of a journey Needs will change as technologies and the world changes Leverage metrics where possible to track status Conduct quarterly reviews of progress Maintain the tone from the top Formally schedule reviews to assess the current state and look for new opportunities 38

39 Conclusion Green Data Center:  Gives global impact  Equipment designed for energy efficiency and eco-friendly;  Implementing is of high cost initially;  reduces cost in the long run;  Benefits in the long run.

40 QUESTIONS & ANSWER 40

41 THANK YOU 41


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