3Where Are You Now? Answer the questions – Yes or No Do you take notes on textbook material after you have highlighted the chapter or section?Do you take text notes when you read the chapter for the first time?Do you read the whole paragraph before you begin to take notes?Do you evaluate your notes after an exam?Do you usually copy information from the txt in the same wording as the author used in the book?
4Where Are You Now? Answer the questions – Yes or No Do you recite your text notes when you review for an exam?Do you create maps when you take notes on the textbook material?Are your text notes a good summary of the text material?Do you tend to write down only key words when you take notes?Do you use formal outlining to take notes on your text?
5Calculate Your Score Where are you now Give yourself 1 point for each yes to questions 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, and 8.Give yourself 1 point for each no to questions 2, 5, 9, and 10Total your pointsA low score indicates that you need some help in taking notes on text materialA high score indicated that you are already using many good note-taking strategies
6Why to Take Notes Promotes Active Reading Increases your Comprehension Actively involved – you must write something downDecision-making – you decide what is importantYour own words = format that is easy to study & rememberStrengthens your memory of the materialIncreases your ComprehensionReinforces the important informationWriting in your words = analyzing the material & relates it to what you already know about the subject.Reading, Thinking & Writing - repetition needed for remembering
7Why to Take Notes Serves as a Comprehensive Monitoring System Provides feedback on concentration & understandingIf you can’t write notes – signal you didn’t understand what you readCondenses the InformationTime saver for studying for an examAble to organize in a way that makes sense for youOrganizes the InformationForces you to structure the material to show relationshipsMapping allows for visual display to show how the material is connected
8When to Take Text Notes When you first read the chapter Can be too time consumingMay write down more information than you needAfter the LectureIf teacher’s lecture follows the text gook closely, you can fill in information you may have missed during the lectureAble to add important information that was not covered in lectureAt the end of the weekGood way of reviewing informationUse lecture notes with text notes so do not duplicate informationWhen you prepare for the examActive review sessionAble to condense information to study with
9How to Take Text Notes - written notes OutliningFormalRefer to the table of contents to set up main headingsUse capital letters to set up main pointExampleI.A.1.2.B.II.InformalInformal outlining is more efficient for taking notesUse chapter subdivisions for main pointsDon’t have to use every hading as a main point – some combined; others omittedNo need to use letters or numbers, just indents
10How to Take Text Notes - written notes Block NotesAllows to group important details for each heading compactlyWrite heading next to margin; indent slightlySeparate details by slash or dashIF you are a visual learner, this may not be the best method for you – hard to picture information since it is grouped togetherModified Block NotesMore effective by listing important details under each otherSometimes too many details to list under just one headingUse phrases instead of whole sentences; use your own words
11How to Take Text Notes - written notes SummarizingCondensed version of information written in sentence or paragraph formBreak down chapter in shorter segmentsRead entire section; think about what author is saying; decide what you think is importantNot useful for certain types of information – especially technical or factualNote cardsEasy to organize informationEasy to carry aroundOn the back of the actual notes, write recall words or questions.Forces you to focus on important information & create set of self-test questions
12How to Take Text Notes Mapping - visual display of text information Line or Wheel MapsProvides space to write meaningful phrasesVisual display of informationAdd lines or spokes that radiate out from a central hubTopic in the CenterSubordinate points on lines that radiate up, down or out from itAdd supporting details by inserting lines that extend out from previous linesCreate subheadings as you map the informationSubheadings organize the information, separate details into easier-to-remember chunksInformation can serve as cues to help learn and retrieve the informationSeem easy to create, also easy to make mistakesDon’t turn paper around to create; want to be written horizontally for ease of studying and readingTendency to simply list all information on lines that extend directly from headingIf is a few details; fine, but if too detailed need to break down differently.
13How to Take Text Notes Mapping - visual display of text information Hierarchical MapsTop-Down display of informationForm of flowcharts or process chartsWrite main heading/topic at top in a boxDraw lines to indicate the subdivisions; create box for eachFurther divide into one or more supporting pointsIndividual method of taking notesNatural progression from main topic to supporting details
15How to Take Text Notes Mapping - visual display of text information Semantic WebsInstead of top-down display; semantic webs radiate from central focal pointFour main componentsCore Question or ConceptWeb StrandsStand SupportsStrand TiesColor coding may help recall the informationUses clusters of informationUse different colors for different clusters of information
17How to Take Text Notes Charting Graphic Display of informationShow similarities and differences of related informationCannot chart entire textbookBreak down chapters by sectionTopics, How relatedCreate Chart with Categories & HeadingsMatrixChart with rows and columnsCategories are equivalent to subheadings
18Example of Charting Categories Examples Short-Term Effects Long-Term EffectsStimulantsDepressantsHallucinogensNarcotics
19How to Review Text Notes Recite your notesReview main & supporting points; Recall & recite headings; Recite details under headingsIf use note cards – carry with your; use all spare timeReplicate your notesReconstruct your notesWork on one column at a timeCreate a recall columnUse margin to write recall words or questionsTest your memory using recall cues
20How to Evaluate Text Notes Compare your notes with those of a classmateMay notice information you omitted or unnecessary informationGet ideas how to organize text informationCheck with your teacher or a tutorFeedbackSee how well you are identifying, condensing & organizing the informationHow to be a better note takerUse the T MethodGo through your information and put a “T” in the margin every time you find a test question
22REVIEW – Sentence completion You may not want to take text notes as you read the chapter for the first time because everything seems ______.You can edit your _______ notes as you take text notes.Some students like to take text notes on ______ _____ because they can carry them around to review when they have a few extra minutes._____ _____ show the supporting details in a Semantic Web._____ cannot be used to take notes on entire chapters.
23REVIEW – Multiple Choice When you are writing a summary, be sure you use:A. Meaningful phrasesB. Main ideasC. Paragraph formD. Recall questions in the marginWhich of the following is a top-down method of taking text notes?A. SummariesB. Hierarchical mapsC. Semantic websD. Charts
24REVIEW – short answer essay Why is note taking more effective than highlighting or underlining?Why do some students have difficulty taking text notes? What should they do differently?How should students review their notes?s
25Reference: College Study Skills: Becoming a Strategic Learner By: Dianna L. Van Blerkom