Presentation on theme: "Windows 7 by Qais A. Marji This presentation introduces you to the Windows 7 operating system. Understanding your operating system streamlines your workload."— Presentation transcript:
1 Windows 7by Qais A. MarjiThis presentation introduces you to the Windows 7 operating system. Understanding your operating system streamlines your workload and saves you time.
2 Windows 7Windows 7: is an operating system released by Microsoft on Oct. 22,2009.Windows 7 has graphical user interface (GUI) that allows you to visually interact with your computer’s functions in a logical, fun, and easy way
3 Starting Windows 7When you turn the computer ON “cold booting”, the computer will upload the operating system.Booting: the time from turn ON until the user get the access to there computer .
6 The DesktopThe Desktop is the main Windows 7 screen. It is the work area where dialog boxes, windows, icons, and menus appear.
7 Desktop IconsThe Desktop is where you’ll find icons (small pictures) for many of your most frequently used programs. You’ll most likely see icons for Computer, Documents, Recycle Bin, and Internet Explorer.
10 Desktop ComponentsIcons – graphic image (pictures ) that represents an object available to your computer.Desktop picture or background-Displays the colors and graphics of your desktop; you can change the desktop background to look the way you want it such as using a picture. Also called wallpaper.Desktop-your workplace on the screen.Start Button-provides access to Windows 7 programs, documents, and information on the Internet. Generally located in the lower left corner of the desktop.
11 Desktop ComponentsProgram buttons-launches Internet Explorer, Windows Media Player, Windows Explorer and the program buttons that you have chosen to pin to the taskbar.Taskbar-contains the Start button and buttons that give you quick access to common tools and the programs currently running. Generally located along the bottom of the desktop.
12 Desktop ComponentsNotification area-shows the notification icons, the current date and time and lets you set the clock. Also known as the system tray and generally located in the lower right corner of the desktop.Recycle Bin icon-contains files and folders that you delete. The deleted files are not gone until you empty the Recycle bin.My Computer: My Computer allows the user to explore the contents of their computer drives as well as manage their computer files
13 The Taskbar Word Excel Program icons The taskbar enables you to move between open windows and provides access to the resources of your computer. Just as you can have many files and papers covering your desk, in Windows 7, you can have many applications open on your computer desktop. Using the taskbar, you activate a window that is covered by other windows by clicking the program icon. If you have used Windows in the past, it is important to note that, by default, only one program icon appears for each application that is running, not an icon for each window. For instance, if you open a cover letter and a résumé on the desktop, only one program icon─for Microsoft Word─will appear on the taskbar. If you wish to change this so that there is an application icon for each open window, right-click an open area of the taskbar, select Properties, click Never Combine on the Taskbar buttons list box, and then click OK. You may also select to combine the application icons when the taskbar is full.The windows shown here are for Microsoft Excel and Microsoft Word. On the taskbar, the program icons are different. To bring the Word document to the front, simply click the Word program icon.Program icons
14 The TaskbarThe taskbar enables you to move between open windows and provides access to the resources of your computer.Using the taskbar, you activate a window that is covered by other windows by clicking the program icon.
16 Icons can be classifies as the following Folder IconsFile iconsShortcut icons
17 Folder Icons ”directories”: store files and other folders Folder Icons ”directories”: store files and other folders. They are used to organize files on computer. The folders themselves take up virtually no space on the hard drive
18 File icons: a collection of data stored in one unit, identified by a filename. They can be documents, programs, libraries, and other compilations of data.File name consists of two part name and extension
19 Shortcut icons: a link that points to a program on the computer Shortcut icons: a link that points to a program on the computer. Shortcuts allow users to create links to their programs in any folder, Start bar, Taskbar, Desktop or other locations ontheir computer.
20 Change Icon size1- Right Click the desktop2- Click View3- Show the required size
21 Auto Arrange Icon1 - Right Click the desktop2- Click View3- Check to see if Auto Arrange has a check mark4- If it does uncheck it
22 View/Hide Icons1- Right Click the desktop2- Click View3- Check to see if Auto Arrange has a check mark4- If it does uncheck it
23 Arrange Icons On the Desktop 1 - Right Click the desktop2- Click Sort by3- Select one of the 4 options to arrange icons from sub-menu
24 Start MenuThe Start menu is the main gateway to your computer's programs, folders, and settings. It's called a menu because it provides a list of choices, just as a restaurant menu does.To display the Start Menu do the following• Move the mouse pointer to start button on the taskbar• Click the start button once.• You can choose from a menu by moving the mousepointer over an item.
25 The Start Menu System folders Programs Control Panel Help and Support The Start menu, accessed with a click on the Start button, lists the programs, folders and utility applications that are available on your computer. The Start menu is divided into panes, with similar items grouped on a pane. The left pane displays a list of programs that you commonly access on the computer. This gets you going quickly if you need one of these applications. If you use Microsoft Word consistently, it will appear on this list. Programs that you don’t use as frequently are accessed when you point to All Programs on the left pane.The right pane accesses your system folders, such as Documents, Pictures and Music. You open and adjust your system settings from this pane, using the Control Panel. You also log off, shut down, and get help using the right pane of the Start menu.Below the left pane, the Search box enables you to type keywords to complete searches for files or folders on your computer. Searching will be covered in a later slide in this presentation.Help and SupportAll ProgramsShut downSearch boxStart button
26 The Start menu is divided into panes, with similar items grouped on a pane. The left pane displays a list of programs that you commonly access on the computer.The right pane accesses your system folders, such as Documents, Pictures and Musicthe Search box enables you to type keywords to complete searches for files or folders on your computer. Searching will be covered in a later slide in this presentation.
27 Use the Start menu to do these common activities: Start programsOpen commonly used foldersSearch for files, folders, and programsAdjust computer settingsGet help with the Windows operating systemTurn off the computerLog off from Windows or switch to a different user account
28 Shutting Down the computer Click the Shut down button to turn off the computer.Switch user: easy way for another person to log on to the computer without logging you off or closing your programs and files.Log off: When you log off from Windows, all of the programs you were using are closed, but the computer is not turned off.Lock: You'll have to enter your password when you come back, which helps keep your work more secure.Restart: The Restart button "reboots" your computer (it is sometimes called a "warm boot" or "soft boot.") That means it saves your information to the hard drive, turns off the computer for a moment, and then turns it back on again.Sleep: puts computer in a low-power state, but doesn't turn it off.
29 Window Components Title bar Minimize window Maximize window Close windowAll windows share common components. These components make it easier for you use the applications. The title bar, at the top of every open window provides the name of the file or folder, as well as the application name. Located on the right side of the title bar, the control buttons enable you to minimize the window to the taskbar so you don’t see it, maximize it to fill the screen, or close the window. When you have a window maximized, the middle control button becomes a restore button which returns the window to a smaller size.Windows may also be resized by pointing to the border with the mouse and dragging the double-headed arrow out or in as needed. Or, you may resize the window by pointing and dragging the double-headed arrow at the corner of the window. Sometimes, you need to view two windows at the same time and resizing helps you achieve this result.In some cases, your document may exceed the size of your open window. When this happens, scroll bars appear on the right side of the window or along the bottom. Click the arrows to move up or down the document, or to the sides. You can also drag the rectangle on the scroll bars to quickly move around the page.The discussion on window components continues on the next slide.Scroll bar
30 Working with WindowsWhenever you open a program, file, or folder, it appears on your screen in a box or frame called a windowParts of a window
31 Parts of a typical window Title bar. Displays the name of the document and programMinimize, Maximize, and Close buttons. These buttons hide the window, enlarge it to fill the whole screen, and close it, respectivelyMenu bar. Contains items that you can click to make choices in a program.Scroll bar. Lets you scroll the contents of the window to see information that is currently out of view.Borders and corners. You can drag these with your mouse pointer to change the size of the window.
36 Moving a windowTo move a window, point to its title bar with the mouse pointer. Then drag the window to the location that you want.Changing the size of a windowTo make a window fill the entire screen, click its Maximize button Picture of the Maximize button or double-click the window's title bar.To return a maximized window to its former size, click its Restore button Picture of the Restore button (this appears in place of the Maximize button). Or, double-click the window's title bar.To resize a window (make it smaller or bigger), point to any of the window's borders or corners. When the mouse pointer changes to a two-headed arrow drag the border or corner to shrink or enlarge the window.A window that is maximized cannot be resized. You must restore it to its previous size first.Note: Although most windows can be maximized and resized, there are some windows that are fixed in size, such as dialog boxes
37 Hiding a windowHiding a window is called minimizing it. To minimize a window, click its Minimize button Picture of the Minimize button. The window disappears from the desktop and is visible only as a button on the taskbar, the long horizontal bar at the bottom of your screenTo make a minimized window appear again on the desktop, click its taskbar button. The window appears exactly as it did before you minimized itClosing a windowClosing a window removes it from the desktop and taskbar. To close a window, click its Close button Picture of the Close button.Note: If you close a document without saving any changes you made, a message appears that gives you the option to save your changes.
38 Switching between windows If you open more than one program or document, Using the taskbar. The taskbar provides a way to organize all of your windows. Each window has a corresponding button on the taskbar. To switch to another window, just click its taskbar button. The window appears in front of all other windows, becoming the active window—the one you're currently working in.To easily identify a window, point to its taskbar button. A small picture called a thumbnail appears that shows you a miniature version of the window. This preview is especially useful if you can't identify a window by its title alone.Using ALT+TAB. You can switch to the previous window by pressing ALT+TAB, or cycle through all open windows and the desktop by holding down ALT and repeatedly pressing TAB. Release ALT to show the selected window.Using Windows Flip 3D. Windows Flip 3D arranges your windows in a three-dimensional stack that you can quickly flip through. ( Hold down the Windows logo key Picture of the Windows logo key and press TAB to open Flip 3D. Release the Windows logo key to display the frontmost window in the stack. Or, click any part of any window in the stack to display that window.
39 Arranging windows automatically Now that you know how to move and resize windows, you can arrange them however you like on your desktop. You can also have Windows automatically arrange them in one of three ways: cascading, vertically stacked, or side by side.To choose one of these options, open some windows on your desktop, then right-click an empty area of the taskbar and click Cascade windows, Show windows stacked, or Show windows side by side.
40 Arranging windows using Snap Snap will automatically resize your windows when you move, or snap, them to the edge of the screen. You can use Snap to arrange windows side by side, expand windows vertically, or maximize a window.To arrange windows side by side1. Drag the title bar of a window to the left or right side of the screen until an outline of the expanded window appears.2. Release the mouse to expand the window.3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 with another window to arrange the windows side by side.
41 To expand a window vertically by snapping 1. Point to the top or bottom edge of an open window until the pointer changes into a double-headed arrow .2. Drag the edge of the window to the top or bottom of the screen to expand the window to the entire height of the desktop. The width of the window doesn't change.
42 To maximize a window by snapping 1. Drag the title bar of the window to the top of the screen. The window's outline expands to fill the screen.2. Release the window to expand it to fill the entire desktop.
43 Dialog BoxesDIALOG BOXES are special windows where you are asked to give details and select options.The choices you make are then sent as commands to the software you are using. DIALOG BOXES vary depending on the task requested as well as the application.
44 Viewing and arranging files and folders When you open a folder and see your files, you might prefer larger (or smaller) icons, or an arrangement that lets you see different kinds of information about each file.Each time you click the Views button, the folder window changes the way it displays your file and folder icons, alternating between large icons, a smaller icon view called Tiles, and a view called Details that shows several columns of information about the file.
45 Working with file and folder Selecting Files and FoldersBefore you move, copy or delete files and folders, they must be selected .Selecting Single object: To select a single object, click on it once.Selecting Multiple object:• To select a consecutive group of files or folders, click the first item, press and hold down the Shift key, and then click the last item.• To select multiple files or folders that are near each other, drag the mouse pointer to create a selection around the outside of all the items that you want to include.• To select non-consecutive files or folders, press and hold down the Ctrl key, and then click each item that you want to select.• To select all of the files or folders in a window, on the toolbar, click Organize, and then click Select all. If you want to exclude one or more items from your selection, press and hold down the Ctrl key, and then click the items.
46 Create a Folder (file, shortcut) Open the drive or folder where you want to create a folder. (file, shortcut)Click the Organize button on the toolbar, and then click New folder. (file, shortcut)With the New Folder name selected, type a new name. (the default name for folders is New Folder)Press Enter.Tips : Right-click a blank area on the desktop or in the folder window, point to New, and then click Folder
47 CopyingWhen you copy an item, the original item remains in its original location— plus you have the new copy.• Open the location that contains the file you want to copy.• Right-click the file, and then click Copy.• Open the location where you want to store the copy.• Right-click an empty space within the location, and then click Paste. The copy of the original file is now stored in the new location.Tips: Another way to copy and paste files is to use the keyboard shortcuts Ctrl+C / (Copy) and Ctrl+V (Paste). .Tips:You can also press and hold the right-mouse button and then drag the file to the new location. When you release the mouse button, click Copy here.
48 Moving (cut)Moving cuts the item from its previous location and places it in a new location.• Select the files or folders you want to move.• Click the Organize button on the toolbar, and then click Cut.• Display the destination folder where you want to move the files or folder.• Click the Organize button on the toolbar, and then click past
49 Drag and drop.• Select the files or folders you want to copy or move.• In the Navigation pane, point to a folder list to display the expand and collapse arrows.• Click the arrows to display the destination folder, and then click the destination folder.• Right-click the selected files or folders, drag to the destination folder, and then click Copy Here or Move Here.Tips: To move the selected items, drag them to the destination folder. To copy the items, hold down the Ctrl key while you drag.Another way to copy and paste files is to use the keyboard shortcuts Ctrl+X (Cut) and Ctrl+V (Paste).dragging an item between folders that are on the same hard drive (cut, move).drag the item to a folder that's on a different hard drive (copy)
50 Rename: • Select the files or folders you want to rename. • Click the Organize button on the toolbar, and then click Rename.• type a the new name• Press EnterTips: Right-click the file or folder you want to rename, click Rename, type a name, and then press Enter.• You can also select the file, then press F2, type a name, and then press Enter.• File names can be up to 255 characters. You can use spaces andunderscores in names, but you can’t use the following * : < > | ? “ \ or /. Remember the best way to keep your files organized is with a consistent naming convention.
51 Deleting• Select the file or folder.• Click the Organize button and select Delete from the pull-down menu.• After you select delete a confirmation message appearsTips:• press right click on the item and then click delete. Or press Del buttons on the keyboard.• The easiest way to delete on the desktop by drag and drop it to recycle Bin.delete a file or folder stored in the Recycle Bin until the Recycle Bin is emptied.If you delete a file or folder from a network folder or from a USB flash drive, it might be permanently deleted rather than being stored in the Recycle Bin.If a file cant be deleted, it might be in use by a program that's currently running. Try closing the program or restarting your computer to fix the problem. For more information.
52 Permanently Deleteyou need to delete the files from the Recycle Bin.You can delete individual files from the Recycle Bin or empty the entire Recycle Bin at once.Open the Recycle Bin by double-clicking the Recycle Bin on the desktop.To permanently delete one file, 1-click it, 2-press Delete, and then 3-click Yes.To delete all of the files, on the toolbar, click Empty the Recycle Bin, and then click Yes.You can empty the Recycle Bin without opening it by right-clicking the Recycle Bin and then clicking Empty Recycle Bin.You can permanently delete a file by clicking the file and then pressing Shift + Delete.
53 Restore item from recycle Bin • Open the Recycle Bin by double-clicking the Recycle Bin on the desktop. Do one of the following: • To restore a file, click it, and then, on the toolbar, click Restore this item. • To restore all of the files, make sure that no files are selected, and then, on the toolbar, click Restore all items. • The files will be restored to their original locations on your computer. Tips: When you’ve deleted enough files to exceed this 10%, the oldest files in the Recycle Bin are automatically and permanently deleted from your hard disk.
54 Opening an existing file or folder To open a file, double-click it Opening an existing file or folder To open a file, double-click it. The file will usually open in the program that you used to create or change it.
55 Search for a file and folder can use different methods for different situations.A. Use the search box on the Start menuYocan u use the search box on the Start menu to find files, folders, programs, and messages stored on your computer.To find an item using the Start menu:Click the Start button, and then type a word or part of a word in the search box.Search results appear as soon as you start typing in the search boxAs you type, items that match your text will appear on the Start menu. The search results are based on text in the file name, text in the file, tags, and other file properties
56 B. To save time and effort, use the search box at the top of the open window. The search looks for text in the file name and contents; and in the file properties, such as in tags. In a library, the search includes all folders included in the library as well as subfolders within those folders.To search for a file or folder by using the search box:• Type a word or part of a word in the search box.• As you type, the contents of the folder or library are filtered to reflect each successive character you type. When you see the filethat you want, stop typing.
57 Tips:a question mark (?) as a wildcard for a single character and an asterisk (*) as a wildcard for any number of characters.The easiest way to start search window is by press F3.I f you know which file type it is, you can just enter the file extension("JPG" for example) in the search box. • You can also use other techniques in the search box to quickly narrowdown a search. .
58 Windows Search Search box in the window Search bar on Start menu It seems as if every computer user sooner or later misplaces a file or folder. Windows 7 enables you to search your computer system if you know a part of the file name, the file type, or even some of the contents of the file. Windows 7 offers several ways to search. The Search box on the Start menu is very useful for finding files, folders, programs, and . In addition, some windows have a Search box in the upper right corner for quick searches.To begin a search, type keywords in the Search box on the Start menu. As you begin to type the keywords, items that match your search appear in the list above the Search box. Click the item to open the related application and view the file. Searches are conducted based on the text in the file, text in the file name, tags, and other file properties. You may be surprised to know that even messages are scanned in a search for the keywords.Windows 7 completes searches quickly through the use of indexed locations. All folders in Libraries are automatically included in the index. If you search in locations that are not in the index, the time required for the search increases. If necessary, you can add locations to the indexes.Searches conducted through the Search box in an open window only show results from the contents of the current folder. For instance, if you open the Documents folder from the Start menu, and type keywords into the Search Documents box, only items in your Documents library will be shown. Your or other locations in your computer would not be evaluated. You can expand or narrow your searches as described on the next slide.
59 Expand or Narrow a Search Expand a search hereNarrow a search hereSearch keywordIn some cases, your search will reveal too many results. In other cases, your search will not reveal the file you are seeking. Narrowing or expanding your search often solves these problems.After typing the keywords into the window Search box, expand your search by scrolling to the bottom of the list of search results, pointing to a selection in the Search again area, and selecting another area to search. Selecting Computer searches the entire computer system, even the areas that are not indexed. Use Custom to search a specific location. You can even search the Internet using the keywords you specify in the window Search box.To narrow your search, type the keywords into the Search box. Click at the end of the keywords and select the search filter you wish to use. You may filter by author, type of file, date modified, or file size. After selecting the filter, narrow your search by selecting the appropriate criteria.The discussion of searching continues on the next slide.
60 Save a Search Saved search If you know that you will conduct the same search often, you may save the search. This saves you from re-typing the search criteria. When you have completed a search, click Save search on the toolbar. Type a name for the search, and click Save. To use a saved search, open the Computer window from the Start menu, and find the search under the Favorites section. Click the link to display the results.
61 Working with Control Panel change settings for.Open Control Panel by clicking the Start button , and then clicking Control Panel.
62 You can display Control Panel screen with different view types as follow
66 There are two ways to find Control Panel items: Use search. To find a setting you're interested in or a task you want to perform, type a word or phrase in the search box.Panel by clicking different categories, and viewing common tasks listed under each category. Or, under View by, click either Large icons or Small icons to view a list of all Control Panel items..
68 Customize the Desktop Themes Desktop Background Window Color Just as you can rearrange the items on your desk, you can customize your desktop to make it uniquely suited to your tastes. The screen saver, a series of moving pictures that appears when your computer has been idle for a period of time, along with background and window color, are selected from the Personalization window. Right-click on an empty portion of the desktop and select Personalize to open this window.The Desktop Backgrounds include built-in categories or you may select a personal picture from a folder on your computer. Many people enjoy placing family photos or pet photos on the background of their desktop. Likewise the screen saver, which provides privacy for your open files on the computer when you are away from your desk, is changed with built-in screen savers. The color of the borders of your windows is another change that you can make to your desktop. You can mix your own colors and change the intensity of the colors as desired. Different themes are built-in, downloaded from online theme libraries, or created by you. These change the desktop background, window color, sounds and screen saver all at one time.Desktop BackgroundWindow ColorScreen Saver
69 Change desktop background (wallpaper) Your desktop background can be a digital picture from your personal collection or one that comes with Windows.You can also select a color for your desktop background or use a color to frame your background picture.Windows comes with lots of desktop background choices.
70 To change the desktop background 1-Open Desktop Background by clicking the Start button, clicking Control Panel, clicking Appearance and Personalization, clicking Personalization, and then clicking Desktop Background2. Click the picture or color you want for desktop background.If the picture you want to use is not in the list of desktop background pictures, click the Picture location down arrow to view other categories, or click Browse to search for the picture on your computer. When you find the picture you want, double-click it. It will become your desktop background and appear in the list of desktop backgrounds.3. Under How should the picture be positioned, choose to have the picture fit the screen, tile, or be centered on the screen, and then click OK.Tip: You can make any picture stored on your desktop background by right clicking the picture, and then clicking Set as Desktop Background
72 Change screen saverTo change a screen saver1. Open Screen Saver Settings from Control Panel, clicking Appearance and Personalization, clicking Personalization, and then clicking Screen Saver.2. Under Screen saver, in the drop-down list, click the screen saver you want to use.3. Click Preview to see what your chosen screen saver will look like.4. Click OK.Tip: To clear a screen saver, move your mouse or press any key.You can change wallpaper and screen saver by right click on the desktop and then choose personalize
74 How to use the taskbarYou can customize the taskbar, including the way taskbar buttons look, how they group together when you have more than one window open.Rearrange taskbar buttons• To rearrange the order of app buttons on the taskbar, drag a button from its current position to a different position on the taskbar.• All open files from the same app are always grouped together, even if you didn’t open them one after the other. This is so you can see all of the previews for that app at the same time..
75 Move the taskbar• Usually, you can find the taskbar at the bottom of the desktop, but you can move it to the sides or top of the desktop. Before you can move the taskbar, you need to unlock it. Press and hold or right-click an empty space on the taskbar. If Lock the taskbar has a check mark next to it, the taskbar is locked. You can unlock it by tapping or clicking Lock the taskbar, which removes the check mark.To move the taskbar Do one of the following:Tap an empty space on the taskbar, and then drag it to one of the four edges of the desktop. When the taskbar is where you want it, let go. (If you're using a mouse, click an empty space on the taskbar, and then hold down the mouse button as you drag the taskbar to one of the four edges of the desktop. When the taskbar is where you want it, release the mouse button.)
76 Change how taskbar buttons appear • You can choose how buttons are grouped together when there's more than one window open, and change the size of taskbar button icons. 1. On the Taskbar tab, select one of the options from the Taskbar buttons list: • Always combine, hide labels: This is the default setting. Each app appears as a single, unlabeled button, even when multiple windows for that app are pen. • Combine when taskbar is full: This setting shows each window as an individual, labeled button. When the taskbar becomes crowded, apps with multiple open windows collapse into a single app button, tap or clicking the button displays a list of the windows that are open. • Never combine: This setting shows each window as an individual, labeled button, and never combines them, no matter how many windows are open. As more apps and windows open, buttons get smaller, and eventually the buttons will scroll. 2. To use small taskbar button icons, select the Use small taskbar buttons check box. To use large icons, clear the check box. 3. Tap or click OK.
77 Pin an app to the taskbar You can pin an app directly to the taskbar for quick and easy access. • Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, and then tap Search. (If you're using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, and then click Search.) In the search box, enter the name of the app you want to pin. Then, on the search results page, tap or click the app to open it on the desktop. • On the desktop, press and hold or right-click the app's button on the taskbar to open the app’s Jump List (a list of shortcuts to recently opened files, folders, and websites), and then tap or click Pin this program to taskbar. • To remove a pinned app from the taskbar, open the app's Jump List, and then tap or click Unpin this program from taskbar.
78 Adding GadgetsGadgets, such as a clock, calendar, photo slide show, headline feed, or puzzle, are added to your desktop to make it more convenient for you to use. Gadgets run constantly on your desktop. Gadgets can be selected from Windows 7 or downloaded from the Internet. Windows includes a calendar, clock, CPU meter, currency converter, headline feeds, puzzle, slide show, weather and Windows Media Center. Online you will find gadgets for many other functions, such as a Bing search, Outlook Upcoming Appointments, traffic, Google, and Yahoo.To install a Gadget on your desktop, right-click on an empty portion of your desktop and click Gadgets. Double-click or drag a gadget to place it on your desktop. To remove a gadget from your desktop, right-click the gadget and click Close gadget.Gadgets, such as a clock, calendar, photo slide show, headline feed, or puzzle, are added to your desktop to make it more convenient for you to use
79 Window Components (continued) Windows 7 can arrange windows for you in three different configurations. Windows can be displayed in a cascading fashion, vertically stacked, or side by side. To set this up, right-click on an empty portion of the taskbar and click the configuration you want to use. Shown here is the cascading display of three open windows. Note that you can see each title bar.Another handy Windows 7 tool is Snap. This feature automatically places a window on the side of the desktop. Click and drag the title bar of a window to the left or right side of the desktop until an outline of a window appears. Release the mouse button and the window will snap into place.Windows can be displayed in a cascading fashion, vertically stacked, or side by side. To set this up, right-click on an empty portion of the taskbar and click the configuration you want to use. Shown here is the cascading display of three open windows. Note that you can see each title bar.
80 Showing the Desktop Three documents (transparent) in Aero Peek Show desktop buttonSometimes you want to quickly minimize all of your open windows and see the desktop. No matter how many open windows you have, click the Show desktop button in the lower right corner of the desktop. Your programs and windows will still be available, but you will have a clean desktop. This feature can ensure privacy because you can quickly return to the desktop view before you step away from your desk or if someone comes into your office.If you want to see something on your desktop, such as a gadget clock or calendar, but not minimize the open windows, just point to the Show desktop button. Your desktop will be displayed until you move the mouse pointer away from the button. This slide shows three Word documents that are transparent while the mouse pointer is over the Show desktop button. This is an additional Aero Peek feature.
81 Windows AccessoriesWindows 7 contains accessory application software that enables you to accomplish a few basic tasks. The programs include Notepad, WordPad, Paint, Snipping Tool, and Calculator. We will discuss each in the next few slides.Notepad is a text editing application. It focuses mainly on capturing text. Computer programmers and Web designers often use it to write programs. Document formatting is not a feature of Notepad. You can see that the window is very plain.WordPad, in contrast, is more like a word processing program. It includes a more robust interface, enabling you to format text and insert graphics. It is a handy application if you do not have access to Microsoft Word. WordPad saves the documents in Microsoft Word format so that they can open in Word. Granted, it does not contain all of the functions of Microsoft Word, but it does have the basic tools.Access Notepad or WordPad from the Start button. Point to All Programs and click Accessories. Select either Notepad or WordPad to launch the software.Windows 7 contains accessory application software that enables you to accomplish a few basic tasks. The programs include Notepad, WordPad, Paint, Snipping Tool, and Calculator. We will discuss each in the next few slides.Notepad is a text editing application. It focuses mainly on capturing text. Computer programmers and Web designers often use it to write programs. Document formatting is not a feature of Notepad. You can see that the window is very plain.WordPad, in contrast, is more like a word processing program. It includes a more robust interface, enabling you to format text and insert graphics. It is a handy application if you do not have access to Microsoft Word. WordPad saves the documents in Microsoft Word format so that they can open in Word. Granted, it does not contain all of the functions of Microsoft Word, but it does have the basic tools.Access Notepad or WordPad from the Start button. Point to All Programs and click Accessories. Select either Notepad or WordPad to launch the software.
82 Windows Accessories (continued) Click here to open a pictureRibbonA graphics accessory, Paint, enables you to create drawings and to open digital photographs or graphics. Click the Start button, All Programs, Accessories, and Paint to open the application.The Ribbon at the top of the window contains many options. Available tools include the Pencil tool, Brushes, Colors, and Shapes. The document area in the center of the window acts as an easel on which you can draw. Be sure to save your works of art! Click the Save button at the top of the window to save the painting.With Paint, you can open a photograph and make notations on top of it, perhaps circling an important portion of the picture, drawing an arrow to focus attention, or adding a caption. Click the button in the upper left corner of the Paint window to open a digital photograph. Browse to the location of the picture, and double-click the picture to open it. Use Paint to make the modifications and save it when done.
83 Windows Accessories (continued) Scientific viewStatistics viewStandard viewOn your desk, or in a close-by drawer, you probably have a calculator. The Windows 7 desktop has the same feature. The Calculator accessory is a handy tool for doing many kinds of functions─from simple calculations to advanced scientific, programming and statistical functions. In fact, you don’t just have one calculator, but a variety from which to select the type best for the job. Open the basic calculator from the Start button. Click All Programs, Accessories, and Calculator. With a calculator open, click the View button to change the view. All four views are shown on this slide.The calculator is easy to use. Press the numbers or operators, such as the plus sign, on your keyboard or click the buttons of the calculator using the mouse pointer. If you use the keyboard, you can use the numeric keypad or the number keys across the top of the keyboard. Usually laptops do not have numeric keypads, but with a function key you can use alternative keys as a numeric keypad.Programmer view
84 Windows Accessories (continued) Sticky notesDo you have sticky notes reminding you of important dates, places, and so on, all over your desk? Some people even line the edges of their computer monitor with these reminders. With Windows 7, the sticky notes are available to place right on your desktop! Open Sticky Notes by clicking the Start button, All Programs, Accessories, and Sticky Notes. Record your to-do list, phone numbers, and meeting reminders by typing on the note. Notice that the font even looks like handwriting. Click the plus sign in the upper left corner of the Sticky Note to open a new note. To change the color of a note, right click on the body of the note and select a different color. To delete a note, click the Delete Note button in the upper right corner of the note. You might like to place your Sticky Note pad on your desktop by pinning the Sticky Notes to your taskbar as discussed in a previous slide.
85 Windows Accessories (continued) Save Snip buttonAnnotationtoolsThe Snipping Tool is an accessory that enables you to capture a screen display so that you can save, annotate, or share it. A common practice is to capture an error message to report a problem to a help desk or other troubleshooting group. Click the Start button, All Programs, Accessories, and Snipping Tool to open the accessory. Click the arrow next to the New button to select a snip type. You can capture portions of the screen in a rectangular, free-form, window, or full-screen fashion. Once you have the screen clip captured and displayed in the mark-up window, use the pen or highlighter to write or draw on it, perhaps calling attention to the important portion of the clip.The screen clip is also copied to the Clipboard, which is a temporary holding area in your computer’s memory. This makes the clip available for pasting into a word processing document, or other application. You can also send the clip via , if your computer is set up for . The clip can be saved for future reference by clicking the Save Snip button and specifying a location on your computer and a file name.Screen clip
86 Help and Support Help and Support home Print Browse help Options Learn about other support optionsEven seasoned computer users sometimes need help on a topic or procedure. Windows 7 is well-documented by Help and Support on the Start menu. The support library can be accessed by browsing by topic or using keywords to quickly search for information.Perhaps you need additional information on setting parental controls or some other topic in this presentation. Type keywords into the Search box of the Help and Support window and press Enter. The results are displayed in order of usefulness. Click any topic to view more detail. The topic can be printed with the Print button.Help topics are also available when you click the Browse Help button in the Windows Help and Support window. This help option is useful if your topic is very broad or you just want to learn more about Windows 7. Topics include Getting started, Security and privacy, Printers and printing, and more.Help is available online and may produce the latest information available if you include the Internet in your settings. Open Help and Support and click Options, then click Settings. Select Improve my search results by using online Help (recommended), and click OK. This is the default Help setting for Windows 7.Browse topics