Presentation on theme: "Study Of Wild Edible Plants & Their Dietary Uses."— Presentation transcript:
1Study Of Wild Edible Plants & Their Dietary Uses. A Project ByMiss. Nagarkar Rina Dilip.Miss. Kolhe Smita Ramnath.(Academic Year: )
2The Wild Edible Plants Botanical Name Local Name 1. Agave americana L. 2. Amaranthus spinosus L.3. Bombax ceiba L.4. Caralluma adscendens R.Br.Local Name1. Ghayapat2. Kate Math3. Kate Saver4. Shindadmakad
3Botanical Name Local Name 5. Celotia argentea L. 6. Launaea procumbens (Roxb)7. Tribulus terrestris L.8. Chlorophytum tuberosum(Roxb.)BakerLocal Name5. Kurdu6. Pathari7. Sarata8. Kolu
4Launaea procumbens(Roxb) Tribulus terrestris L. Chlorophytum Agave americana L.Amaranthus spinosus L.Bombax ceiba L.Caralluma adscendensR.Br.Celotia argentea L.Launaea procumbens(Roxb)Tribulus terrestris L.Chlorophytumtuberosum(Roxb)Baker
5Botanical Name: Agave americana L. Family: AgavaceaeLocal Name: GhyapatParts Used: FlowersGeneral Habit:Plant under shrubs, leavesin a rosette, oblong –lanceolate, gray,prickly on the edges. Flowers yellowish-greenish, in a bracteate scape or stalk,fruits oblong clavate.Flower and fruits: October –DecemberTribal Use: Flowers are cooked as vegetables.
6Botanical Name: Amaranthus spinosus L. Family: AmaranthaceaeLocal Name: Kate mathParts Used: LeafGeneral Habit:Plant herbs, erect. Leaves,ovate, rhomboid or oblong .Spikes green,simple or branched Utricles conical,thicked at top regose.Seeds shining discoid.Flower and fruits: July-February.Tribal Use: Leaves are cookedas vegetables along with ingredients.
7Botanical Name: Bombax ceiba L. Family: BombacaeaeLocal Name: Kate-saverParts Used: FlowerGeneral Habit:Plant tall tree, leaves 5-7-foliolate; leaflets caudate cuspidate or acuminate base acute, entire. Flowers red solitary paired or clustered near ends of leaflets branch lets. Capsules ovoid –oblong, loculicidal, 5-locular. Seeds numerous ovoid, packed in white cotton.Flower and fruits: February-JuneTribal Use: Flowers are cooked as vegetables.
8Botanical Name: Caralluma adscendens R.Br. Family: AsclepidaceaeLocal Name: Makadsing or ShindamakadParts Used: Shoots/StemGeneral Habit:Plant herbs, dwarf, succulent, perennialsand sap watery. Leaves sessile, scale like structure, deltoid-ovate, ciliate. Flowers solitary,axillary, at upper nodes, hairy; calyx glandular within; corolla rotate, lobes valvate, copiously hairy,corona biseriate. Follicles, paired lanceolate,tapering to sharp point .seeds brown oblongcoma silky.Flower and fruits: June-September.Tribal Use: Shoots are cooked asvegetables, also eaten as raw.
9Botanical Name: Celotia argentea L. Family: Amaraanthaceae Local Name: KurduParts Used: LeafGeneral Habit:Plant herbs, erectorprocumbent;leaves broadly ovate, lanceolate, ellipticor linear. Inelegances of dense, terminalspikes flowers white pink Utricles ellipsoid, tapering at apex into style.Flower and fruits: August –FebruaryTribal Use: Leaves and twigsare cooked as vegetable.
10Botanical Name: Launaea procumbens L. Family: AsteraceaeLocal Name: PathariParts Used: LeafGeneral Habit:Plant annual herbs; leavesmostly radical, sessile, obovate-oblong,pinnatifid.Heads yellow, terminals, in longbranched or unbranched racemes, pappuscopious,multiseritate ,caduceous. Achenesbrown.Flower and fruits: August-OctoberTribal Use: Leaves are cookedas vegetable.
11Botanical Name: Tribulus terrestris L. Family: ZygophyllaceaeLocal Name: SarataParts Used: Whole plantGeneral Habit:Plant is prostrate or suberectsilky-pubescent herbs. Leave paripinnate;leaflets 4-8 pairs, elliptic-oblong,appressed hairy. Flowers yellow, solitary, axillary orleaf opposed. Fruits glaborus.Seeds minute, oblong.Flower and fruits: Almost through theyear.Tribal Use: Whole plant iscookedas vegetable.
12Botanical Name: Chlorophytum tuberosum (Roxb.)BakerFamily: Liliaceae.Local Name: Kuli / KoluParts Used: Leaf/rootGeneral Habit:Plant herbs, c 30 m high, root-fibres,cylindric,with euip soid tubers hanging fromthem.leaves 6-12,membranous,sessile,15-30*1.2-2.5cm,acuminate,margins unclulate.scapeterete,vauled .racemes 5-10cm long .flowerswhite capsules obovoid,c 1.0*0.6cm ,shining-lransversely veined,emarginated,cells 4-6-seeded seeds irregularly,orbicular, c 0.3cm in diameter; black.Flower and fruits: June –SeptemberTribal Use: Leaves are cooked asvegetable; also roots eaten as raw.
13Usability of plants to our Health The leaves of Amaranthus spinosus, Celotia argentea, Chlorophytum tuberosum, Launaea procumbens are mostly used as vegetables for cooking. Moreover species like Chlorophytum tuberosum bears a tuber which provides hefty minerals and also most of them having medicinal importance.
14Locality of plantsDuring the ethnobotanical survey, the wild plants used as food was carried out in different localities and market places of Akole and Sangamner tahasil. The information/ data on properties of plants used as a wild food against are recorded.
15Reason behind studyDuring the survey, it was revealed that the tribals and villagers of Akole and Sangamner have much faith in using the less known and wild plants as a food. The indigenous people of specially Akole talukas are dependent on forests food for their daily livehood. They frequently visit forests to collect their necessary food supplements and other materials. Thus, those people have described into two classes- vegetables and raw food. The vegetable plant materials are used for coocking,and the raw food is directly eatenafterWashing.
16SummaryMoreover, wild food plants are used as common household food and make a substantial contribution to food security of the tribals and villagers in theses areas. Therefore, steps are needed to undertake extensive education about their importance as a nutritional balanced food as a direct and indirect source of income particularly for the resources poor family. These may bring to light one or other new food plants from wild resources for increased population of our country.