2DHS Science & Technology Directorate First Responder Integrated Product Team (IPT) Development StrategyMr. Randel Zeller Director, Interagency and First Responder Programs Science and Technology Directorate U.S. Department of Homeland Security
3Technology “Development” Process Today Capability gaps are usually identified by ‘end users’.(or a vendor … who also has a “solution” to offer)Most agencies check with other organizations to corroborate the gap and determine what solutions are available.(i.e. best practice, “what works”)Technologies utilizing force (LE) require an extensive legal review, including soliciting and addressing public reaction and opinion.
4Technology “Development” Process Today A purchase order is requested or locally generatedProcurement decisions are determined by mandate, need, and budget(Note: Homeland Security Grant Funds augment General Funds)The new equipment is locally purchased and integrated with the existing deployed systems and equipmentUsing agency IT, Motor Pool, or vendor personnelCompatibility and interoperability issues must be resolved locallyTraining, Life cycle maintenance, and privacy issues locally resolvedNo universally recognized “honest broker” process or resourceNo logical process for meeting the long term technology needs of the agencyTechnology push by vendors vice technology development pull by First Responders
5Technology Needs Development Department of JusticeLaw EnforcementAssociationsPolice OfficersFederal GovernmentEmergency ServicesAssociationsEmergency MedicalTechnician AssociationsTerritorialGovernmentTribal GovernmentFirefighterAssociationsFirefightersState GovernmentEmergency MedicalSecurityAssociationsDepartment of HLS
7First Responder Capstone IPT Critical InfrastructureKey Resources (CI/KR)RequirementsEmergency ServicesSector/Gov Coordinating CouncilFirst Responder RDT&E Coordinating Working GroupDHS First Responder RDT&E Coordinating CouncilFEMA GrantsCommercializationS&T First ResponderCoordination CouncilFundingSolutionsT&E Standards
8First Responder Capstone IPT Critical InfrastructureKey Resources (CI/KR)RequirementsEmergency ServicesSector/Gov Coordinating CouncilFirst Responder RDT&E Coordinating Working GroupDHS First Responder RDT&E Coordinating CouncilInternational SolutionsFEMA GrantsCommercializationS&T First ResponderCoordination CouncilFundingSolutionsUniversity basedCenters of ExcellenceFirst ResponderAdvancedResearchT&E Standards
9DHS RESEARCH AFFILIATES Homeland Security S&T EnterpriseDHS RESEARCH AFFILIATESHSIDHS LabsCenters ofExcellenceNational LabsDoDDHS S&TDirectorateDoEPUBLIC/ PRIVATE SECTOR PARTNERSDoJDoTFEDERAL PARTNERSEPAInternationalHHSS&T has seven formal bilateral agreements with key partner nations, shown at left, with five others – including Germany -- in the works.Bilateral Partners: UK, Australia, Canada, Israel (blue star), Mexico (green-white-orange), Sweden, SingaporeHomeland security is not a Federal effort, but a national effort that cuts across disciplines and jurisdictions and includes partners from academia, industry and all levels of government.This chart depicts the many research partners of DHS S&T that encompass the broader research, private sector and government communities.AssociationsNASAIndustryNIHStateNISTLocalNOAATribalNSFTerritorialUARCsRev
10Centers of Excellence S&T DIVISIONS ExplosivesChemical/BiologicalCommand, Control & InteroperabilityBorders/MaritimeHuman FactorsInfrastructure/ GeophysicalCOE for Explosives Detection, Mitigation & ResponseCOE for Transportation SecurityIDS-UACsRVACsCOE for Border Security & ImmigrationCOE for Natural Disasters, Coastal Infrastructure & Emergency ManagementCOE for Maritime, Island & Remote/Extreme Environment SecurityConsolidated CCI CenterCOE for Transportation SecurityCOE for Transportation Security–Chart depicts how the Centers of Excellence are aligned with the activities of the six S&T divisions.Our DHS Centers of Excellence are an important vehicle for carrying out the S&T Directorate’s basic research program.S&T has established 13 COEs to date.Five new university-based Homeland Security Centers of Excellence were announced in late February Focus Areas of the five Centers align with S&T divisions and include:- explosives detection, mitigation, and response;- border security and immigration;- maritime, island, and port security;- natural disasters, coastal infrastructure and emergency management;- transportation securityRisk, Economics and Operations Analysis Risk Sciences Branch & HSI Risk Determination
11SAFETY ActEnables the development and deployment of effective anti-terrorism technologies by creating systems of “risk management” and “litigation management”Provides important legal liability protections for manufacturers and sellers of technologies that could save lives in the event of a terrorist attackProtections apply only to claims arising out of, relating to, or resulting from an Act of TerrorismRemoves barriers to industry investments in new and unique technologies to combat the gathering threat of terrorismCreates market incentives for industry to invest in measures to enhance the security of the NationFor more information, visit
12SAVER Mission https://saver.fema.gov The SAVER Program assists State & local responders making procurement decisionsThe SAVER Program:Conducts impartial, practitioner relevant, and operationally oriented assessments and validations of emergency responder equipmentProvides information that enables decision makers and responders to better select, procure, use, and maintain emergency responder equipmentRecently Transferred from FEMA to S&Thttps://saver.fema.gov
13Major SAVER Products SAVER Highlight SAVER TechNote SAVER Summary Very Short, 2 to 3 ParagraphsAnnounces start or completion of SAVER EffortExamples include: Assessment Initiation, SAVER Summary Publication, or Availability of Guide or HandbookSAVER TechNoteShort two page ReportSummarizes technical issue important to respondersSAVER SummaryShort 5 to 10 page ReportSummarizes a SAVER comparative assessment report or other ReportWritten in easy to understand style and format that is useful for the Emergency Responder – “Consumer Report” StyleTechnical ReportsPrepared by SAVER Technical AgentEquipment information important to Emergency RespondersExamples include: Focus Group Reports, Assessment Reports, Handbooks, Market Surveys, etc.
14TechSolutionsMission: To rapidly address technology gaps identified by Federal, State, Local, and Tribal first respondersField prototypical solutions in 12 monthsCost should be commensurate with proposal but less than $1M per projectSolution should meet 80% of identified requirementsProvide a mechanism for Emergency Responders to relay their capability gapsCapability gaps are gathered using a web site (www.dhs.gov/techsolutions)Gaps are addressed using existing technology, spiral development, and rapid prototypingEmergency Responders partner with DHS from start to finishRapid Technology DevelopmentTarget: Solutions Fielded within 1 year, at ~<$1M
15Nerve Agents/Toxic Gases TechSolutions ProjectsNext GenerationBreathing ApparatusOcular ScanningNerve Agents/Toxic Gases3-D LocationFire Ground CompassBiometric IdentificationCarrizo Cane – Bio AgentNext Gen Breathing Apparatus - A self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) designed like a backpack provides responders with a lighter, less bulky compressed air system at a disaster site- Innovative pressure vessel revolutionizes the weight and profile of current SCBA- Reduces responders equip. load to 9.5 lbs. vs. 25 lbs. w/ conventional system- Cores in the harness assembly conform better to the back and flex with movement, permitting increased mobility in confined spaces3-D Locator - An advanced sensor capability that will enable incident commanders and fire chiefs to know the whereabouts of emergency responders at the scene of a disaster at all times. - wirelessly transmits inside or outside of structures and through rubble to alert users to the location, within 3 meters, of each firefighter. Biometric identification – a mobile tool for fingerprinting and identifying people attempting an illegal entry into the country, e.g. used by Border Patrol agents in remote border areas or by Coast Guard when boarding vessels for inspectionCarrizo Cane eradication project is striving to control an invasive “giant reed” that obstructs Border Patrol agents’ view of areas of the Southwestern border.Growing as high as 18 feet, the reed is encroaching on access roads, reducing visibility, obscuring illegal activities, and impeding DHS-led operationsS&T is sponsoring research to identify and introduce natural predators of Carrizo Cane to impacted areas of the border
16Umbrella Portal & Technology Communities of Practices Tech ClearinghouseRapidly disseminates technology information on products and services to Federal, State, local, Tribal government and private sector entities, in order to encourage technological innovation and facilitate the mission of the Department of Homeland Security.Establishes Central Federal Technology ClearinghouseIssues Announcements for Innovative SolutionsEstablishes S&T Technical Assessment TeamsProvides guidance for the evaluation, purchase, and implementation of homeland security enhancing technologiesProvides users with information to develop or deploy technologies that would enhance homeland securityEnables technology transferUmbrella Portal & Technology Communities of Practices