Presentation on theme: "Legislative DBQ. Doc A Author: David Mayhew Place and Time: US, 1974 Prior Knowledge: Should know that Congressman would like to keep their jobs Audience:"— Presentation transcript:
Doc A Author: David Mayhew Place and Time: US, 1974 Prior Knowledge: Should know that Congressman would like to keep their jobs Audience: Interested people
Doc A Reason: Seems critical of what motivates politicians, somewhat critical of what the government then accomplishes Main Idea: Express an opinion of what the author believes motivates politicians Significance: Negative view of representatives
Doc B Author: Common Cause Place and Time: 1998 Prior Knowledge: It takes money to run a successful campaign, purchase television spots, travel to places, etc. Audience: Interested citizens, graph
Doc B Reason: Displays the difference in resources ($) each of the candidates have, Main Idea: Incumbents enjoy a big advantage in the amount of money they can raise to fund a campaign Significance: The amount of money and other resources a candidate has can be a good predictor of whether they will win an election
Doc C Author: Kim Fridkin Kahn Place and Time: ASU, 1993 Prior Knowledge: Importance of media (tv, radio, internet) Audience: Interested citizens
Doc C Reason: Shares info on why people vote the way they do, what influences people, how important the media is in getting out a message Main Idea: Incumbents enjoy more media coverage, have more exposure, an dare generally better-known Significance: Many people do not think about all of the issues, may rely on the portrayal of the candidates that they see on TV or the internet, status is important
Doc D Author: ??? Place and Time: US elections Prior Knowledge: Should know that reps serve for 2 year terms and Senators for 6. Need to be able to read a bar graph (histogram) Audience: Interested people
Doc D Reason: Illustrates reelection rates, displays percentages of members of Congress and the rate at which incumbents win Main Idea: Incumbents have shown to be very successful in elections, need to make note of the reasons listed above the first graph Significance: Statistics may be misleading, but these numbers are pretty obvious. Why might the House be higher than the Senate?
Doc E Author: Paul Duginski Place and Time: US 1994 Prior Knowledge: Know what an incumbent is, understand meanings in a political cartoon Audience: Interested people, subscribers, entertainment
Doc E Reason: Inform readers using illustrations and humor, while it is funny it does describe the present situation Main Idea: Incumbents feel very confident that they will be reelected. They are often protected by resources and money from several areas that ensure they are reelected Significance: Incumbents are usually unwilling to change because they know they have an advantage in the election. How might this affect the job they do???
Doc F Author: Citizens for United States Direct Initiatives Website Place and Time: unknown Prior Knowledge: What is a “perk”? How do campaigns work? Who typically runs for office? What is a day like for an elected official while they are serving in office? Audience: interested people
Doc F Reason: Inform readers about two reasons why incumbents have an advantage Main Idea: Incumbents have many advantages from $ to the ability to meet with constituents on a daily basis, they do not have to juggle their job and the campaign Significance: Incumbents are able to focus more time on the campaign, get their message out to the voters, and finance their campaigns more effeciently