2ReviewA. Deponent Verbs – Passive in form but active in meaning1st: conor, conāri, conatus sum – to try2nd: vereor, verēri, veritus sum – to be afraid, fear3rd: loquor, loqui, locutus sum – to speak, talk4th: experior, experīri, expertus sum – to test, try
3Activity 1 – Conjugate the following deponent verbs in the tense indicated. Latin singularEnglish singularLatin pluralEnglish plural1st:2nd:3rd:
4Semi-deponent verbs – regular active forms with active meanings in the present, imperfect, and future tenses but have passive forms with active meanings in the perfect, pluperfect and future perfect.audeo, audēre, ausus sum + infinitive – to daregaudeo, gaudēre, gavisus sum – to be glad, rejoicesoleo, solēre, solitus sum + infinitve – to be accustomed (to), be in the habit of
54th principal part + adjective endings Participlesactivepassivepresentvocans, vocantis- calling,while callingstem + -ns, -ntisperfectvocatus, vocata, vocatum –having been called4th principal part + adjective endingsfuture
73rd principal part – i + -isse Infinitivesactivepassivepresentaudīre – to hear2nd principal partaudīri – to be heard2nd principal part –e + -i3rd conjujation - poniperfectaudivisse – to have heard3rd principal part – i + -issefuture
9Subjunctive moodA. Indicative – factualImperative – commandsSubjunctive – non factual
10Forms - activeimperfect pluperfect1st: peterem peteremus petivissem petivissemus2nd: peteres peteretis petivisses petivissetis3rd: peteret peterent petivisset petivissentI was looking for I had looked for
11imperfect pluperfect1st: essem essemus fuissem fuissemus2nd: esses essetis fuisses fuissetis3rd: esset essent fuisset fuissentI was I had been
12Clauses1. Cum Causal Clauses – since, becauseHic, cum calorem vaporem vix pati possent, haud multum morabantur.Here, since they were scarcely able to endure the heat and steam, they did not stay a long time.2. Cum Circumstantial Clauses – whenQuo cum Titus pervenisset, in vestibulum ingresses est.When Titus had arrived there, he entered the entrance passage.3. Indirect QuestionsMaxime enim cupiebant cognoscere qui homines praeclari iam in urbe adessent. They especially wanted to learn what famous men were now present in the city.
13Activity 4 – Conjugate the following verbs in the subjunctive, imperfect and pluperfect active giving both Latin and English.Latin singularEnglish singularLatin pluralEnglish plural1st:2nd:3rd:
151. imperfect – 2nd principal part + passive endings 2. pluperfect – 4th principal part + subjunctive imperfect of sum, esse. . . cum ille semper *vidēretur omnia audivisse et vidisse . . .since he seemed always to have heard and seen everything*video, vidēre, - can mean to seem in the passiveCum in tepidarium *regressi essent . . .When *they had returned into the warm room*deponent verb – passive in form, active in meaning
16Activity 5 – Conjugate the following verbs in the subjunctive, imperfect and pluperfect passive. Latin singularEnglish singularLatin pluralEnglish plural1st:2nd:3rd:
171. Cum Cornleius se nimis exercuisset, maxime defessus erat. Activity 6 – Translate the following sentences with cum causal clauses.1. Cum Cornleius se nimis exercuisset, maxime defessus erat.2. Cum Cornelius in caldario vaporem vix *pati posset, haud multum ibi moratus est.(*active infinitive of deponent verb)
183. Cum Cornelius vapore caldarii paene 3. Cum Cornelius vapore caldarii paene oppresses esset, in tepidarium regresses est.4. Cum Cornelius tergeri vellet, e tepidario egressus est.
19Activity 7 – Translate the following sentences with cum circumstantial clauses. 1. Cum Cornelius in Campum Martium descendisset, in Thermas Neroneas ingressus est.2. Cum Cornelius amicis heri occurrisset, eos de rebus urbanis rogavit.
203. Cum Cornelius in vestibulum ingrederetur, ab amicis salutabatur. 4. Cum Cornelius et amici in palaestram inīrent, multi cives ibi se exercebant.5. Cum alii luctārentur, Cornelius cum duobus amicis trigone ludebat.
211. Rogabant Titum quid de rebus urbanis audivisset. Activity 8 – Translate the following indirect questions.1. Rogabant Titum quid de rebus urbanis audivisset.2. Rogabant Titum quid princeps contra incendia faceret.
223. Rogabant Cornelium cur in caldario paene collapsus esset. 4. Rogabant Cornelium cur e thermis nunc egrederetur.