Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Pronunciation: The pronunciation of –ed ending Grammar: Review of tenses.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Pronunciation: The pronunciation of –ed ending Grammar: Review of tenses."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pronunciation: The pronunciation of –ed ending Grammar: Review of tenses

2 - Warm-up activity - Presenting the sound: -ed endings. - Practice: Aural Practice Oral practice - Comunicative practice: Listen and repeat

3 Instruction: Teacher gives some pictures. Then teacher asks students for answers for each picture by using simple past.

4 Picture 1 Last weekend, she prepared for dinner

5 Picture 2 Last Sunday, she helped her mother to cook.

6 Picture 3 The little boy watched TV some hours ago.

7 The last picture Yesterday, the little girl listened to pop music.

8 Students will work in pairs or group. Then they will report in front of class. For example: What did you do on your weekend? Or How was your weekend? Last weekend, I visited my grandparents, I helped my grandmother do houseworks. Teacher asks student to tell her what they did on weekend.

9 Teacher shows the way to pronounce -ed endings. 1. In words that end with a voiceless consonant, it is pronounced as /t/ Examples: 1. looked 2. asked 3. helped 4. laughed 5. pushed 6. watched 7. dressed 8. boxed Words that end with “K, p, ch, ss, x, gh, sh” when add –ed, we pronounce as /t/. The –ed ending has three different pronunciation in English

10 1. Needed 2. Defended 3. Added 4. Loaded 5. Waited 6. Rested 7. counted 8. halted 2.In words ending with /t/ or /d/, it is pronounced as a separate syllable, /id/. Examples:

11 Examples: 1. Enjoyed 2. Dried 3. roamed 3. In words that end with a voiced consonant or a vowel, it is pronounced as /d/.

12 Teacher Say the sound /t/ alone Say the sound in word: stopped conduct repetition chorally Conduct repetition individually

13 /id/ Say the sound /id/ alone say the sound in a word: needed, wanted conduct repetition chorally Conduct repetition individually

14 /d/ Say the sound /d/ alone say the sound in a word: prepared, enjoyed conduct repetition chorally Conduct repetition individually

15 Aural practice: One/ two drill: Listen to the word, if you hear it has the sound /t/, say one, if you hear it has sound /d/, say two. (1) (2) /t/ /d/ T: watched Ss: one T:returned Ss: two

16 Same/ different drill: Listen to two words. Say same if they have the same sound, say different if they have different sound T: cooked/ looked Ss: same T: laughed/ smiled Ss: different

17 Oral practice Say the sound alone: /t/ Say the sound in words: washed Say the sound in phrase: washed the dishes Say the sound in sentences: She washed the dishes last evening.

18 Practicing –ed endings /t//d//id/ passeddiscovereddirected developedsolvedexisted reachedusedstarted lookedclosedinvented askedclonedfascinated

19 Listen and repeat these sentences - Yesterday, my friend went to the supermarket, prepared dinner, washed dishes. Then, she watched TV with her mother - She walked to the window and looked outside. - The river stopped his car at the crossing where a woman was knocked down. - The police arrested the thief yesterday. - He decided to give up smoking.

20 Teacher will review all of tenses that students studied by table of active verb form.

21 NameConstructionExampleTypical Use Simple presentSame as infinitive, but –s on the third person singular (e.g I/ you/ we/ they work; he/ she works) It always rains in November. “general” time, permanent situations Present progressiveAm/ is/ are ……ingI can’t talk to you now, I’m working Actions continuing at the moment of speaking Present perfectHave/ has + past participle I have worked with children before, so I know what to expect. Past action with some present connection Present perfect progressive Have/ has been……ingIt has been raining all day. Continuation up to the present.

22 NameConstructionexampleTypical Use Simple pastRegular verbs: infinitive + -(e)d irregular verb: various forms I worked all last weekend. I saw John yesterday Past event. Past progressiveWas/ were ……ingI saw John when I was coming out of the supermarket. Action continuing at a particular past time. Past perfectHad + past participle I couldn’t get in because I had lost my keys. Action before a particular past time Past perfect progressive Had been …….. ingI was tired because I had been working all day. Continuation up to a particular past time.

23 NameconstructionexampleTypical use Simple futureWill + infinitive I/ we shall also possiple It will rain tomorrow Information about the future Future progressiveWill be…..ing I/ we shall also possiple This time tomorrow I’ll be lying on the beach. Continuing situation at a particular future time. Future perfectwill have + past participle I/ we shall also possible I will have finished the repairs by this evening. Completion by a particular future time Future perfect progressive Will have been……..ing I/we shall also possiple In june I will have been working here for ten years. Continuity up to a particular future time.

24 Exercise 1: Find the one choice that best completes the sentence 1.”How long have you been with the company?” “I ……………………….there for two year” a. will work b. was working c. worked d. have worked 2. When are you planning to send the memo to the staff? “I …………….. It already a. send b. had sent c. have sent d. was to sent have worked have sent

25 3. “Betty told me that you have a cottage on Lake Superior” “Yes, we ………………………….it since we first moved to Michigan.” a. had bought b. bought c. was buying d. have bought 4. “What have you learned since you……………..here?” a. came b. come c. have came d. have been coming have bought came

26 5.” Where are Ken and Magaret?” “They were hungry, so they ……………….. To the grocery store.” a. go b. had gone c. went d. were gone 6. I wish Beth ……………………. trying to be so nice. a. would stop b. will stop c. stops d. stop went Would stop

27 6. An eyewitness described how the victims ………………… in the fire. A. were killed b. had been killed c. having killed d. had killed 7. This time tomorrow, we……………… on the beach. a. will lie b. shall be lain c. are lying d. will be lying had been killed will be lying

28 8. The shark ………………… him while he was padding on his surfboard. A. has attacked b. had attacked c. attacked d. was attacked 9. “Are Alice and Tom still living in New York?” “No, they……………………………to Dallas.” a. are just moved b. had just moved c. have just moved d. will just move attacked have just moved

29 10.” Where is the new stove that you bought yesterday?” “The colour didn’t match, so I ………………….. It to the store.” a. return b. had returned c. returned d. did return returned

30 Exercise 2: Circle the letter (A, B, C, D) to complete the passage. Rosemary Dare is a wildlife photographer. She(1)……………………. In Uganda for many years. She (2)…………………… elaphants for twenty years. She (3)……………………… thousands of pictures since the 1980s. Last year, she ……………………….. an international prize for nature photography. She (5)…………………. many prizes over the years. Recently, Ms Dare (6)…………………..interested in rhinos. She (7)………………………. them for the last few months. I am sure we(8)……………………. Some interesting photos soon.

31 1. A. lives B. will live C. has been living D. doesn’t live 2. A. has been photographing B. photographs C. is photographing D. was photographing 3. A. is taking B. will take C. has taken D. takes 4. A. won B. is winning C. has won D. has been winning 5. A. won B. is winning C. has won D. wins 6. A. has become B. becomes C. will become D. become 7. A. tracks B. will track C. has been tracking D. tracking 8. A. will see B. saw C. has been seeing D. have seen

32 Rosemary Dare is a wildlife photographer. She(1)……………………. In Uganda for many years. She (2)…………………………… elaphants for twenty years. She (3)……………………… thousands of pictures since the 1980s. Last year, she ……………………….. an international prize for nature photography. She (5)…………………. many prizes over the years. Recently, Ms Dare (6)…………………..interested in rhinos. She (7)………………………. them for the last few months. I am sure we(8)……………………. Some interesting photos soon. has been living has been photographing has taken won has won has become has been tracking will see

33 - Practice and learn by heart the forms in order to pronounce –ed endings correctly. - Reviewing of tenses by doing more exercise.

34


Download ppt "Pronunciation: The pronunciation of –ed ending Grammar: Review of tenses."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google