2 Do you stay in your bubble? Environmental bubble - Surrounded bysimilar living environment when travelling abroad
3 What makes you feel comfortable and safe when travelling? Find the points in your travel leaflets!Brainstorm with your neighbour!Write down your findings inside the bubbles.
4 Fly with a reputable airline. Time limit: 5 minutes
5 Environmental bubble? Speak or read the same language A coach with air-conditioningInclude travel insuranceA comfortable hotel/ accommodationChoose a reputable travel agencyWell planned itineraryEat Chinese foodChinese-speaking tour guideStaff with professional trainingSpeak or read the same languageSufficient rest timeBreakfast at hotelBuffet, choose your own foodFastpass in theme parkSpecial queue
6 Cohen’s Classification Tourism combinescuriosity to seek out new experienceswith the need forsecurity of familiar reminders of homeCuriositySecurityseek out new experiencefamiliar reminder of homeDrifterExplorerIndividual mass touristOrganized mass tourist
7 Cohen’s Classification Non-Institutionalized Touristsare loosely attached to the tourist establishmentexpose to host communityInstitutionalized Touristsare dealt with in a routine way by the tourist establishmente.g. travel agencies, hotel chainIndividual Mass TouristOrganized Mass TouristExplorerDrifter
8 Where is the tourist? p.2 Dare to leave/ rarely inside Still confined by it/ Often insideSpend most of the time inside/ always insideGo further away from it/ far away from
9 Cohen’s Classification p.3 Organized Mass Touristleast adventurousspend most of their time in their comfortable “environmental bubble” throughout their tripthe itinerary is decided in advanceattractions are guided and well fixedtourists have no decision on their trip
10 Cohen’s Classification Individual Mass Touristsimilar to the organized mass touristthe tour is not entirely fixedhave certain control over their time and itinerarybut all the major arrangements are still made through travel agencies
11 Cohen’s Classification Explorerarrange their trips alonego somewhere unusuallook for comfortable accommodation and reliable transportationretain some of the basic routines and comforts of their native way of lifetry to mix with local people and speak their languagedare to leave their “environmental bubble”
12 Cohen’s Classification Driftergo further away from the “environmental bubble”keep away from the accustomed ways of life in home countriesno fixed itineraryplan trips wholly on their ownlive with local peopleoften take odd-jobs to keep themselves going
14 Teacher: What are the characteristic of this type tourist? Teacher: Do you have those traveling experience?Teacher: Do you like it? Why?
15 What’s your travel personality? Do the psychological test to know your travel personality at besttripchoices.comJot down your type and some keywords of your characteristics
16 Plog’s Classification p.4 Destination popularity VS traveller’s personalityYour travel personalityAuthentic = PsychocentricMid-authentic = Near psychocentricCentric authentic = Mid-centricCentric venturer = Mid-centricMid-venturer = Near allocentricVenturer = Allocentric
17 Plog’s Classification p.5 Allocentric Typeseek new experiences and adventureoutgoing and self-confidentenjoy meeting ppl from different culturesexplore an areamake own travel arrangementschoose activities and tourist attractions
18 Plog’s Classification Psychocentric Typeconservative, inhibited and unadventurousreturn to familiar destinationswant to relaxexpect the type of food and activityprefer heavily structured itinerarysafety and security are important
19 Plog’s Classification Mid-centric Typebetween allocentric and psychocentricnot particularly adventurousreceptive to new experience
20 Plog’s Classification p.4 Teacher: How many “familiar” you saw in the Psychocentrics type?
21 Can you classify the destinations into 5? South AfricaCanadaKuala LumpurAntarcticaMacauIndiaSingaporeRussiaCambodiaUnited KingdomBangkokGuangzhouCzech RepublicAustraliaSouth AmericaCongoShenzhenFranceVietnamUSA