Presentation on theme: "National 4 Science Human Health Blood Pressure. Learning Intentions: What is blood pressure? How can blood pressure be measured? What can affect."— Presentation transcript:
National 4 Science Human Health Blood Pressure
Learning Intentions: What is blood pressure? How can blood pressure be measured? What can affect blood pressure? What are the effects of high blood pressure? What effects do low blood pressure have on the body? Blood Pressure
When the heart beats it pushes blood into the arteries at high pressure. This pressure is called blood pressure What is blood pressure?
How can blood pressure be measured? The low tech method of measuring blood pressure is: Stethoscope and mercury manometer The high tech method of measuring blood pressure is: Digital sphygmomanometer
When measuring blood pressure there are two numbers E.g. Average blood pressure is 120/80mmHg The high number is caused when the heart contracts pushing blood into the arteries The low number is when the heart relaxes allowing the chambers of the heart to refill Measuring blood pressure
PositionBlood pressure (mmHg) Sitting quietly After exercise Measure your blood pressure Answer the following questions: 1.What effect did exercise have on your blood pressure? 2.If we wanted to make the test more reliable what would we have to do?
There are 6 things that can affect blood pressure What are they? Being overweight Not taking enough exercise Eating a diet high in fat Eating a diet high in salt Drinking alcohol to excess Having a stressful lifestyle What has an effect on your blood pressure?
High blood pressure can lead to: Heart attack – damage to heart muscle caused by a blockage to blood vessel supplying oxygen to the heart Angina – intense cramp like pain in the chest indicating heart not getting enough oxygen. Goes away with rest Stroke – blockage of a blood vessel in the brain, may result in brain damage What effect does high blood pressure have on your body?
Low blood pressure can result in fainting and may indicate heart failure What effect does low blood pressure have on the body?
1.What is blood pressure? 2.How can blood pressure be measured? 3.What can affect blood pressure? 4.What are the effects of high blood pressure? 5.What effects do low blood pressure have on the body? Quiz