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FIRST AID PAGES 341-342. Minor Injuries Muscle Cramp Sudden and sometimes painful contractions of the muscles Occur when muscles are: –Tired –Overworked.

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Presentation on theme: "FIRST AID PAGES 341-342. Minor Injuries Muscle Cramp Sudden and sometimes painful contractions of the muscles Occur when muscles are: –Tired –Overworked."— Presentation transcript:

1 FIRST AID PAGES

2 Minor Injuries

3 Muscle Cramp Sudden and sometimes painful contractions of the muscles Occur when muscles are: –Tired –Overworked –Dehydrated Treatment –Stretch and massage –Drink water

4 Strain Injury to a muscle or tendon Tendons attach muscles to bones

5 Sprain Injury to a ligament Ligaments attach bones to bones

6

7 Treatment for minor injuries (Protect from further injury) R.I.C.E. REST ICE – 20 minutes on, 20 minutes off COMPRESSION ELEVATION

8 Tendonitis Tendons are inflamed or swollen Ice and rest

9 Major Injuries

10 Fractures Break in the bone Closed fracture (simple) – bone stays in the skin Open fracture (compound) - bone breaks through the skin.

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12 Dislocation Separation of the bone from the joint **Do not try to put back into place**

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14 Treatment for fractures and dislocation Immobilize Call 911 or go to ER

15 Concussion Results from a blow to the head Can cause swelling of the brain Warning signs include: –Headache –Vomiting –Dizziness –Loss of memory Seek medical help immediately

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