Presentation on theme: "Use of NCIT Distance learning in OH teaching and education : Canadian experience Dr Louis Patry MD FRCP (C) Montréal Public Health Direction McGill University."— Presentation transcript:
Use of NCIT Distance learning in OH teaching and education : Canadian experience Dr Louis Patry MD FRCP (C) Montréal Public Health Direction McGill University Health Center
Printing and new technologies
From the pen to the computer An evolution to improve the diffusion of knowledge!
The routes to India Christopher Colombus 1492 Vasco de Gama 1499
A world to rediscover New words Globalisation Cyberspace Cyberlearning Cyberentreprise
Customer’s service: the new route to India Luggage lost during a flight from Montréal Toronto India ?
Objectives of the presentation To review the influences of the socio- economic changes on the practice of Occupational Health To describe the Canadian distance education and learning experience in Occupational Health To assess the place of the NCIT in the future needs of training in Occupational Health
Influences of the socio-economic changes on the practice of Occupational Health
The occupational physician: a witness of the working conditions throughout the centuries
The industrial revolution : the working conditions in the textile factories and mines
Industrial revolution : the beginning of mass production
Industrialisation and environment
New health problems Psychoneurosis Occupational cramps Craft palsies Occupational palsies Professional spasms Telegrapher’s cramp
The glorious years The Americans with Disabilities Act ( ADA) The Occupational Safety and Health Act ( OSHA )
New realities of Occupational Health Practice NCIT revolution Global economy Increasing mobility of the industrial production Outsourcing of Occupational health services Emergence of new Occupational health issues The changing of the workforce
Distance education training: a new teaching approach From the traditional to the virtual class
Distance education learning Modalities Self-learning Modification of the professor-student link Rigorous planning Use of an information and communication system
Modification of the teacher’s role
Distance education learning: Canadian experiences
Canadian experiences The development of occupational health Distance education training Summer school Interuniversity collaboration U. LAVAL U. HAMILTON U. LILLESummer school
McGill University Experimentation of a distance education program Self-learning Practicum (workshop) Study guides Study Guide Occupational Health Distance education program
McGill University Internet arrival Migration of the course content to a base computer training Study Guide Occupational Health Distance education program
Canadian experiences in French speaking African countries
Distance education in Africa
Training to research in occupational health in French African speaking countries FORST Programme
Objectives Experiment and establish a distance education training program in occupational health Develop an innovative training approach base on Internet use Establish a solid basis for sustainable collaboration in Ooccupational health
Teaching committee (representative from each participating University) Regional coordinator (Benin University ) Teaching coordinator (McGill U.) Structure Management Committee Supervise the adaptation of the course content Collaboration to the choice of teachers Support the student learning and the realisation of research project
Course content preparation Adaptation of the McGill course content McGill Physical agents Industrial Hygiene Epidémioly Ergonomic Practice occupational Health Chemical and biological agents U. de Lille II Professional disease Toxicology U. Hassan II Casablanca Occupational safety practice intensive workshop 1998 U. Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar Intensive workshop participating countries, 12 registered students Morocco, Senegal, Guinea, Côte-d’Ivoire, Benin, New Caledonia One diploma Master degree in Occupational health MSc McGill University
Results Difficulties Organisation: setting up the infrastructure Technology : Computer and Internet use Distance education modalities Modification of the professor-student link Learning by objectives Respect of deadlines Lack of scientific articles in French.
FORST and communication vehicles Difficulties with the postal system Experimentation of NCIT A difficult beginning
FORST The NCITs : The most important : a person to person communication !
FORST: outcomes of the project New certificate in occupational health based on the FORST model Integration of the FORST learning approach in the training program in occupational health Improvement of the abilities of the student to assess occupational health issues African network in occupational health
Occupational health in the 21st century Learning needs
Occupational Health in the 21st century Ethnic and demographic changes Transfer of mass production to the developing countries New structures of the Companies Globalisation Improvement of the technology
The 2010 pyramid of age Benin France
Percentage of the working force among people aged between 55 et 64 year old (OCED)
Proportion of people older than 65 years old among the general population (G8 countries ) 2005 : % 2030 : 35–50% 2050 : % The most concerned countries are: Japan, Italy, France and Germany
OECD Strategy to improve employment for the over 50s Lifelong learning Working promotion Effective re-employment services and support Improve health and security at work Reinforce the measures to reduce discrimination at work
Impacts of a virtual working set-up Modification of the organization at work Increasing part-time work Increasing insecurity at work Job transfer
Future learning needs in Occupational Health Mental health Work organisation Risk communication Management Diversity of the workforce Assessment Preventive approaches Multidisciplinary work
Training in occupational health Few graduated students The attractive power of training in Occupational health is weak Mean age of the candidates is high Physicians become interested in occupational medicine some years after graduating from medical school In Canada the specialty in Occupational medicine will become a sub specialty of Internal and Community medicine
New framework training Need for new skills
The training in Occupational health must be reviewed ! (National Academy of Sciences) Development of innovative approaches of training in Occupational Health Promotion of distance education training based on the NCIT use Reinforcement of collaboration between universities.
Conclusion Through the centuries Occupational health has been always modulated by the socio- economic challenges.
A future reality: an occupational physician or a nurse at work