2 Language Structures 进行时态（Continuous Tense) 1.现在完成进行时：Present perfect continuous tenseI have been peeling and cutting onions.He has been writing an essay.(表示动作仍在继续）比较：He has written an essay.（表示动作已经完成）They each other since childhood.A. have been knowing B. knewC. have known D. had known
4 用”How long…” 结构询问目前正在进行的动作的时间内长度时，多用现在完成进行时 How long have you been living in the city?How long have you been listening to music?现代英语中像sit,lie, wait, stay, stand等动词更趋向于用现在完成进行时The old man has been sitting there all the morning.The students have been waiting for their teacher.
5 2.过去进行时： Past continuous tense 过去进行时常与表示过去的时间状语连用， 主要表示过去某一时间正在进行的动作。e.g.I was queueing (queuing) for the cinema yesterday when I saw a car accident.I was wondering if I might ask you a small favor.
6 I was swimming in the river when I heard a boy shouting for help. The car was turing the corner when the accident happened.Little Tom was sleeping soudly when the telephone rang.
7 动词过去式,过去分词: queued 动词第三人称数: queues 动词现在分词: queuing or queueing n. 长队 People had to stand in a queue for hours to buy a ticket.人们买票得排几小时的队。行列 At the head of the queue was an old woman.在队列的前面有一个老妇人。辫子 It was quite easy to tell that this queue was false.很容易看出这个辫子是假的.v. 排队We queued up for the bus.我们排队等公共汽车。People are queuing to buy tickets.人们正排队买票。
8 3.过去完成进行时: Past perfect continuous tense 过去完成进行时表示过去某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态一直延续到过去某一时刻E.g.When I got to the cinema, the film had been showing for about ten minutes.When I saw the old man , he had been sitting there for three hours.
9 Practice Out of breath 我因为追赶公共汽车，弄得上气不接下气。 我因为追赶公共汽车，弄得上气不接下气。I was out of breath after running for the bus.我一路跑到剧院上气不接下气。I ran to the theater all along and was out of breath.一英里赛跑，跑得比尔上气不接下气。 The mile run left Bill out of breath.她怒不可遏，于是就去追赶他们，她很快就气喘吁吁了，但仍然继续追赶。 She got so angry that she ran after them. She was soon out of breath, but she continued to run.
10 cramp All these difficulties cramped his progress. 所有这些困难阻碍了他的进步。 All these difficulties cramped his progress.所有这些困难阻碍了他的进步。 He held the pieces together with a cramp while the glue was drying.他用夹子把这些碎片夹在一起，等着胶水变干。 I got a cramp while swimming and almost drowned.我游泳时痉挛，差点溺水。He lost all sensation in his legs through cramp.他的腿部因抽筋而失去知觉。The swimmer got cramp in his legs and had to be helped out of the water.游泳者两腿抽筋，不得不由他人救助出水。
11 1. These desires gnawed away at us constantly. 这些欲望不断地折磨我们。2. The rat gnawed a hole through the wall.耗子在墙上啃了一个洞。3. She was gnawing her nails nervously.她正在神经质地咬指甲。4. Rats gnawed off the lid of the box.老鼠咬开了盒盖。5. Enchained demons strained in anger to gnaw on his bones.被链条栓住的恶魔愤怒地拉紧锁链，啃咬着他的骨头。
12 What do you know about Olympic Games? DialogueIA Time of ChangeThink itWhat do you know about Olympic Games?Why so many country want to hold Olympic Games?
15 When and where did the ancient Olympic Games start? A. 776BC; OlympiaB. 393BC; RomeC. 1896; Greece
16 When and where did the modern Olympic Games start? A. 1888AD; ParisB. 776BC; OlympiaC. 1896; Athens
17 Who was China’s first gold medal winner and for what event? A. Zhou Jihong; drivingB. LI Ning; gymnasticsC. Xu Haifeng; shooting
18 Do you know the three words that show the spirit of the Olympic Games? A. taller, faster, strongerB. higher, swifter, strongerC. stronger, quicker, longer
19 When and where will the next Olympic Games be held? A. 2010; ShanghaiB. 2012; LondonC. 2012; Paris
20 Who took part in the Olympic Games for the first time for China? A. Xu HaifengB. Zhang YiningC. Liu Changchun
21 How often are the Winter Olympic Games held? A. Every four yearsB. Every two yearsC. Every six years
22 What are the mascots (吉祥物) of the 29th Olympic Games? A. AthenaB. PhevosC. Fu Wa
23 What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? Five continents
24 What is the theme song of the Beijing Olympic Games? A. Hand In HandB. You And MeC. The Power Of The Dream
25 What was the slogan (口号) of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games? A. Friend Of LifeB. One World One DreamC. Share The Spirit
26 How many gold medals did China win in the 2008 Olympic Games? A B C. 32
27 Which continent does the yellow ring on the Olympic flag stand for?EurpoeB. AfricaC. Asia
28 differences Ancient Modern Games Competitors only the people in_______, only menall over the world, both _____and_____Host countryonly_______Countries all over the worldPrizeSummer OlympicsSummer and Winter OlympicsGreecemenwomenGreeceolive wreathmedals
29 Pair workHosting the Olympic Games is another competition more fierce. Why do so many countries compete in hosting?
30 Comprehending reference great responsibilitya great honourReasons to host theOlympic Gamestourismnational pridenew sports facilitiesnew investment
31 How does Grandpa feel after watching the Olympic Games on TV? Why? DialogueIA Time of ChangeQuestionsHow does Grandpa feel after watching the Olympic Games on TV? Why?Why did the Chinese athletes fail in the Olympic Games in 1932, 1936 and 1948?How do you understand “oriental dragon”?Browse through the text, try to answer following questions.
32 Please read the dialogue loudly with feeling and expression. A Time of ChangeReadPlease read the dialogue loudly with feeling and expression.
33 What happened to the Chinese athletes when he was young DialogueIA Time of ChangeRetellTry to retell the content of the dialogue, following cues may help you.Grandpa tells Linlin,The reason why he was so emotional after watching the Olympic Games on TVWhat happened to the Chinese athletes when he was youngChina’s participation in the 1932, 1936 and 1948 Olympic Games.
34 1 You’re all in tears. // hold back my tears Dialogue ILanguage PointsYou’re all in tears. // hold back my tears1The children were all in tears .She came home in floods of tears .I could see that Sam was close to tears .Bridget suddenly burst into tears and ran out.He was fighting back tears as he spoke.A lot of people were moved to tears by his story.He kissed her cheek, a gesture that brought tears to her eyes .I must admit I shed a few tears when the school closed.I saw grown men reduced to tears that day.'Please don't talk like that,' Ellen implored him, her eyes filling with tears .By this time, tears were streaming down my face.The tears he shed were tears of joy .
35 Dialogue ILanguage Points2These medals brought back my memoriese.g.It really brought back memories when I was at school, I really enjoyed it.She's now left with little more than photographs to bring back memories of her late husband.
36 3 I couldn’t help recalling the days when I was their age. Dialogue ILanguage Points3I couldn’t help recalling the days when I was their age.①sb. can't help (doing) sth. also sb. can't help but do sth.used to say that someone is unable to change their behaviour or feelings, or to prevent themselves from doing somethinge.g. 'Stop biting your nails.' 'I can't help it' .Lee could not help but agree with her.②somebody can't help feeling/thinking/wondering etc somethinge.g. I can't help feeling that there has been a mistake.I couldn't help thinking about the past.
37 4 …on a national track and field team Dialogue ILanguage Points4…on a national track and field teamCan you name other sports items in Olympic Games?SailingBaseballTaekwondoEquestrianSwimmingArcheryWater PoloShootingTriathlonCanoe/kayak FlatwaterModern PentathlonJudoSynchronized SwimmingFencingWrestlingBeach VolleyballVolleyballDiving
38 4 …on a national track and field team Football Softball Athletics Dialogue ILanguage Points4…on a national track and field teamFootballSoftballAthleticsCanoe/kayak SlalomBoxingCyclingHandballBasketballHockeyRhythmic GymnasticRowingArtistic GymnasticsTrampolineTable TennisWeightliftingTennisBadminton
39 5 We were slanderously nicknamed “the sick men of ..” Dialogue ILanguage Points5We were slanderously nicknamed “the sick men of ..”① slanderously - a slanderous statement about someone is not true, and is intended to damage other people's good opinion of theme.g. slanderous remarks② nickname - a name given to someone, especially by their friends or family, that is not their real name and is often connected with what they look like or something they have donenickname fore.g. We had nicknames for all the teachers.Stephen earned himself the nickname Hawkeye.ￚ nickname verb [transitive]e.g. She was nicknamed Sunny because of her happy nature.
40 6 I can still visualize the three times before 1949 when … Dialogue ILanguage Points6I can still visualize the three times before 1949 when …to form a picture of someone or something in your mind[synonym] imaginee.g. I tried to visualize the house while he was describing it.visualize somebody doing somethinge.g. Somehow I can't visualize myself staying with this company for much longer.visualize how/what etce.g. It's hard to visualize how these tiles will look in our bathroom.[noun] visualization
41 7 ① painful [opposite] painless Dialogue ILanguage Points7The memories are painful and disheartening.① painful [opposite] painless② disheartening - making you lose hope and determinationit is disheartening to hear/see etc somethinge.g. It's disheartening to see what little progress has been made.
42 Dialogue ILanguage PointsIt was not until the last minute that a patriotic general donated enough money to finance the trip for the two…8① it was not until the last minute that.. = it was only at the last minute that② patriotic having or expressing a great love of your countrye.g. patriotic songs // I'm not very patriotic.[noun] patriot patriotism
43 Dialogue ILanguage Points8It was not until the last minute that a patriotic general donated enough money to finance the trip for the two…③ donate1. to give something, especially money, to a person or an organization in order to help themdonate something to somebody/somethinge.g. Last year he donated $1,000 to cancer research.2. to allow some blood or a body organ to be removed from your body so that it can be used in a hospital to help someone who is ill or injurede.g. People who volunteer to donate blood are very kindhearted.
44 Dialogue ILanguage Points9He was detained by the occupying Japanese soldiers for no reason whatsoever① detain- officially or formally prevent someone from leaving a placee.g. Two suspects have been detained by the police for questioning .She was detained in hospital with a suspected broken leg.He was detained in Washington on urgent business.② whatsoeverused to emphasize a negative statement[synonym] whatevere.g. He's had no luck whatsoever.
45 Dialogue ILanguage Points10That’s outrageous!1. very shocking and extremely unfair or offensivee.g. outrageous pricesan outrageous attack on his policiesIt's outrageous that the poor should pay such high taxes.2. extremely unusual and slightly amusing or shockinge.g. an outrageous hairstyleHe says the most outrageous things.
46 11 He dropped out in the middle of the race due to hasty training. Dialogue ILanguage Points11He dropped out in the middle of the race due to hasty training.① drop out1. to no longer do an activity or belong to a groupe.g. The group gets smaller as members move away or drop out.2. to leave a school or university before your course has finishede.g. Bill dropped out of college after his first year.ￚ also dropout e.g. a highschool dropout② hasty - done in a hurry, especially with bad results[synonym] hurriede.g. He soon regretted his hasty decision. a hasty breakfast
47 12 Our sports delegations were sent to the 1936 .... delegate Dialogue ILanguage Points12Our sports delegations were sent to thedelegate1. someone who has been elected or chosen to speak, vote, or take decisions for a groupalso representativee.g. Around 350 delegates attended the conference.delegation [noun] [countable]a group of people who represent a company, organization etce.g. the head of the American delegation to the United Nationsa delegation of government officialsA trade delegation will visit Kuwait.
48 Learning to do Taijiquan (Shadow-boxing) DialogueIA Time of ChangeRole-playLearning to do Taijiquan (Shadow-boxing)
49 Dialogue Requests and Offers II PracticePractice expressions about making request and offers, and learning how to accept or refuse the offer.
50 That’s typical.Everything falls apart when I’m illWhat about this pile of letters..I’ll drop in and see you tomorrow then.
51 Phrase: “drop”Your button has dropped off. (fall)Just drop (drop off) me here, I can walk the rest of the way. (take sb. to spl.)She kept dropping off at her desk. (begin to sleep)I must have dropped off to sleep .I've got your books - I'll drop them round (in) to your place later. (return)I just dropped by to see how you were getting on. (visit)Jan dropped into the office this morning to tell me her news. (visit)Why don't you drop in for a drink one evening? (visit)
52 Reading I Two Kinds of Football QuestionsHow is American football different from soccer?Where else is American football played in the world other than in the United States?Give an example to show American’s enthusiasm for their football.How do American football players score points?What do people usually think about American football?In what way is soccer gaining in popularity on sports such as baseball?What have Americans done to make the soccer game more exciting?What are some of the crazes that Americans are addicted to?
56 VideoReadingITwo Kinds of FootballAmerican Football
57 1 not to be confused with the football called soccer. Reading ILanguage Points1not to be confused with the football called soccer.1. to make someone feel that they cannot think clearly or do not understande.g. I understand the text but the diagrams are confusing me.2. to think wrongly that a person or thing is someone or something elsee.g. People might well confuse the two products.confuse somebody/something with somebody/somethinge.g. I always confuse you with your sister - you look so alike.Donald Regan, not to be confused with former President Ronald Reagan[noun] confusion
58 2 It excites tremendous enthusiasm. Reading ILanguage Points2It excites tremendous enthusiasm.1. [not in progressive] to make someone feel happy, interested, or eagere.g. His playing is technically brilliant, but it doesn't excite me.2. formal to cause a particular feeling or reaction[synonym] arouseexcite interest/curiosity/sympathy etce.g. The court case has excited a lot of public interest.He tried not to do anything to excite the suspicion of the police.excite comment/speculation/a reactione.g. The book excited very little comment on this side of the Atlantic.
59 Enthusiasm arouse ~ in sb be full of ~ about feel no enthusiasm for (about)The Chinese people are friendly and enthusiastic to the foreigners from all over the world.
60 Opponent①A person who takes the opposite side in a game, competition, etcHis ~ did not stand a chance. (no hope to win)We beat our ~s at football game.②A person who opposes sb or sthShe is one of the strongest ~s of tax reform.She was a firm ~ of civil rights.
61 3 This reputation is not really deserved. Reading ILanguage Points3This reputation is not really deserved.the opinion that people have about someone or something because of what has happened in the pastreputation fore.g. Judge Kelso has a reputation for being strict but fair.reputation ase.g. In her last job she acquired a reputation as a troublemaker.earn/gain/establish a reputation as somethinge.g. His approach had won him a reputation as a tough manager. a good/bad reputatione.g. a hotel with a good reputation for its food
62 hurl The rioters hurled stones at the police . He hurled curses. ~ oneself upon /at the enemy 向敌人猛扑过去~ insults / curses / abuse 恶狠狠地辱骂~ threats at sb 恶狠狠地威胁
63 by comparisonBy comparison, this machine is cheaper and that one is easier to operate.By comparison ,this house has the advantage of low price and that one has the advantage of convenient transportation.
64 Translation He showed us the original text for comparision. 他给我们看原文以作参考。The comparision of the mall to a zoo seemed entirely appropriate.把这个大商场比作动物园似乎完全恰当。In comparison with London, Paris is a small city.和伦敦相比，巴黎是个小城市。
65 4 The Americans are addicted to crazes. 1. addicted Reading ILanguage Points4The Americans are addicted to crazes.1. addicted①unable to stop taking a harmful substance, especially a drug②liking something so much that you do not want to stop doing it or having itaddicted toe.g. 50 million Americans are thought to be addicted to nicotine.kids addicted to surfing the Net[noun] drug / sports addict2. Crazea fashion, game, type of music etc that becomes very popular for a short time[synonym] fad
66 heart 沉重的心情 伤心 心心相印 衷心/从心底的 沉重的心情 伤心 心心相印 衷心/从心底的打开心扉 全心的 心肠不坏 仁慈的心 一颗高贵的心 改变心意 丧失勇气 我(可以)发誓 已经决定heavy heart break my heart heart to heart from the bottom of my heart open up my heart with all my heart heart is in the right place kind hearted a heart of gold/stone change of heart lose heart cross my heart I had my heart set on it
67 heart 心地狭窄 心甘情愿 心情沉重 心急如焚 看出某人的心思 心直口快 使某人放心 Have a mean heart With all one’s heartOne’s heart sinkOne’s heart is torn with anxietyRead one’s heartWear one’s heart on one’s sleeveSet sb’s heart at rest
68 Practice ★follow one’s lead ★be in the lead ★play the lead ★take the leadThe English team __________ at half time.He is ________ in the new play.I’ll ______ because you have done so well.Japan has _____ in car production.It’s up to someone to ______ in condemning these injustices.
69 5 …and gaining in popularity on baseball. Reading ILanguage Points5…and gaining in popularity on baseball.gain / grow / increase in popularity (=start to be liked by many people)e.g. Country music is gaining in popularity.The sport has gained in popularity in recent years.gain (in)/lose confidencee.g. You do lose confidence when you spend years and years at home with children.
70 6 …to design novel uniforms for the players. Reading ILanguage Points6…to design novel uniforms for the players.[noun] detective / romantic / historical etc novel[syn] fiction2. [adj] not like anything known before, and unusual or interestingnovel idea / approach / method etcWhat a novel idea!
71 at enomous expense I was finally able to buy the painting. She spared no expense to make the wedding a success.He finished the job at the expense of his health.He had his book printed at his own expense.
72 Why do we say that the Olympic Games have a very long history? ReadingIIThe OlympicsSkimming QuestionsWhy do we say that the Olympic Games have a very long history?Why are rules made for athletes in the Olympics?What are the three different types of events and games in the Olympics? Give examples to illustrate.
73 GuidedWritingNote of Invitationl4 February, 2007Dear Tom,Next Monday is my 20th birthday. Imagine, there are already twenty years behind me! No wonder I feel old!My parents are giving a dinner party to mark the occasion. The first person they wish to invite is you, my childhood pal. Indeed, all of those 20 years are more or less associated with you.We’ll be expecting you any time after six. See you then.Yours,Dick
74 How did you spend the Lunar New Year’s Eve? InteractionActivitiesThe Spring Festival HolidayHow did you spend the Lunar New Year’s Eve?How did you spend the winter vacation?
75 Listening Practice Spelling Dictation A Dictation B Comprehension
77 Dictation AEver since the modern Olympic Games began in 1896, they’ve had their critics. Every form of competitive activity attracts trouble. But part of the aim of the Games, when they were first held in Ancient Greece, was to discourage war between states by engaging them in a friendlier kind of competition.The spirit of competition in the Games does a lot of good, getting people to forget their differences in a communal activity. Any competitor or spectator at the Games or in the Olympic Village will tell you that the atmosphere of friendship there is unforgettable, as if the world were one big family.These Games are the biggest international gathering of any kind in the world. Not only do they bring sportsmen together, but they unite a world public. Isn’t this a sufficient reason for continuing them? As long as the majority wants it, these Games will continue.
78 Dictation BAssociation football, also known as soccer, is an 11-a-side team game played on a grass field. At each end of the field is a goal net. The object is to move the ball around the field, with the feet or head, until a player is in a position to put the ball into the net and score a goal. The goalkeeper defends the goal, and he is the only person allowed to touch the ball with his hands while it is in play. The ancient Greeks, Chinese, Egyptians and Romans all played a form of football. In the early 19th century it became an organized game in Britain, and was played in most universities and public schools. In 1863 the Football Association was formed. The first FA Cup final was played in The first World Cup was organized in Uruguay in The European Governing body, the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA), was formed in 1954, and it controls the major European club competitions.
79 Listening Comprehension True or False?The first modern Olympic Games were held in the second century A.D.The Acropolis is the capital of Greece.The Parthenon remains perfect in design and proportions.The temple on top of the Acropolis was reduced to ruins by an explosion.To Nick, the temple might have remained in fact if the soldiers had been careful with their ammunition.Nick would be very happy if Socrates still lived today.As there was not enough time. Nick would not be able to see the other well-known places in Athens.Nick went to Greece with his aunt and uncle for a visit.FFFTFFFF
80 圣保罗大教堂 圣保罗大教堂 Sallo Paulo cathedral 它以悠久的历史和壮观的圆形屋顶而闻名于世，是游客们必去参观的一个地方。
81 大英博物馆British Museum 这座庞大的古罗马式建筑里珍藏的文物和图书资料是世界上任何一个博物馆所不能比拟的。原来主要藏书，其后兼收历史文物和各国古代艺术品，迄今共藏有展品400万件。 大英博物馆整日免费开放。
87 巴黎凯旋门 巴黎凯旋门 L'arc de Triomphe 坐落在巴黎市中心星形广场（现称戴高乐将军广场）的中央，是法国为纪念拿破仑1806年2月在奥斯特尔里茨战役中打败俄、奥联军而建的，12条大街以凯旋门为中心，向四周辐射，气势磅礴，形似星光四射。工程由建筑师夏尔格兰设计，1806年8月奠基，历时30个寒暑，于1836年7月落成。
88 卢浮宫 Palais du Louvre卢浮宫是法国最大的王宫建筑之一, 1793年8月10日，在推翻君主制的周年纪念日时，法国“国民公会”决定把昔日的皇宫辟为国立美术博物馆；其全部工程于1857年完成。藏有大量十七世纪以及欧洲文艺复兴期间许多艺术家的作品。馆藏品达40万件。八十年代初，法国政府实施扩建和修复卢浮宫的“大卢浮宫计划”。
89 巴黎圣母院 巴黎圣母院 Notre-Dame de Paris 是最著名的中世纪哥特式大教堂，以其规模、年代和在考古、建筑上的价值而著称。1163年由教皇 亚历山大三世奠基，高圣坛于1189年举行奉献仪式，1240年唱诗班席、西立面和中堂竣工，门廊、祈祷室和其他装修在其后的一百年中陆续建成。教堂经过历代的损坏不得不 于19世纪重修，只有三个巨大的圆花窗仍保持着13世纪的彩色玻璃。后堂的飞扶垛特别雄健优美。
90 先贤祠 le Pantheon 先贤祠 (le Pantheon) 位于巴黎市中心塞纳河左岸的拉丁区，于1791年建成，是永久纪念法国历史名人的圣殿。先贤祠中的艺术装饰非常美观，其穹顶上的大型壁画是名画家安托万·格罗特创作的。1830年“七月革命”之后，绘画的主题改变，先贤祠具有了“纯粹的爱国与民族”特性。先贤祠内安葬着伏尔泰、卢梭、维克多·雨果、爱弥尔·左拉、马塞兰·贝托洛、让·饶勒斯、柏辽兹、马尔罗和大仲马等。至2002年11月，共有70位对法兰西作出非凡贡献的人享有这一殊荣。
91 香榭丽舍大街 Ave des Champs-Elysees 在法文中“香榭丽舍”是“田园乐土”。法国的一些重大节日——7月14日国庆阅兵式、新年联欢都在这条著名的街道上举行。
92 Translation1. He is the manager’s son, but that alone does not qualify him to criticize our work.2.Mr. Smith took up photography as a hobby after he retired from teaching.3.By comparison, this house has the advantage of low price and that house has the advantage of convenient transportation.4. It seems that he is making every effort to promote the sale of this new product.
93 5. The eager students crowded into the lecture hall to hear the famous professor from Cambridge University.6. She, like thousands of others, is greatly fascinated by this work of art.7. It was not until I got married that I could afford to buy a house of my own.