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PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 1 “Defensive Driving Training”

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Presentation on theme: "PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 1 “Defensive Driving Training”"— Presentation transcript:

1 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 1 “Defensive Driving Training”

2 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 2

3 3 PDO’s Road Safety Performance over the years: Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven RTA’s / Million Km Improving BUT !

4 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses Millions km driven Road Accidents Rollovers Dead Dead : 5 Dead (2 on unauthorized journey)

5 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 5 Accidents are caused by threats created by (In order of importance): n The driver n The other road users n The roads and the environment n The transport operation n The vehicle and its load/passengers

6 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 6 The transport system Other Road Users The Driver Vehicle & Load Roads & Environment Accidents are caused by threats created by:

7 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 7 Road Safety Threats: The driver n Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers) n Driver lack of competence (skill/knowledge) n Driver fatigue n Driver mental stress n Driver physical fitness n Driver poor vision n Driver disoriented (brain cramp) n Driver alcohol/drugs/medicine

8 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 8 Road Safety Controls: The driver n DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers n H+M Road Safety Road Show n IVMS/DMS strategy: improving driver behavior n Awareness campaigns Triads ( “Phone, Drive & Die”), LTI-Packs, Slide-shows, Video’s n RSMT coaching: 3 teams n Rules for driving (HSE-Stds Manual) n Journey Management reviewed

9 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 9 Road Safety Threats: Road Safety Threats: The other road users n Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers) –Driver lack of competence –Driver fatigue –Driver loss of concentration (stress, alcohol, distracted, etc.) –Driver physical fitness –Driver poor vision n Animals (camels, goats, donkeys) n Behavior of pedestrians

10 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 10 Road Safety Controls: The other road users n GCC Road Safety Week Campaign (17-24/March) PDO+ Shell/BP/Al-Maha stations n “Formulating National Road Safety Plan” workshop: April n Interior awareness campaigns: Wiliyats, LLCs n DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers

11 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 11 Changing driving environment: Oman and PDO n More vehicles in Oman: 1980: Veh400 Fatalities 1990: Veh. 375 Fatalities 2000: Veh. 600 Fatalities n More blacktop in PDO (and Oman): 1990: 60 km Blacktop (Fahud - Yibal) 2000: 500 km Blacktop All centres accessible by blacktop (except: Lekhwair)

12 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 12 Road Safety 2000/01: 40% of LTI’s, 90% of Fatalities 2000/01 RTA’s with fatalities: 1) Pedestrian hit by LCB-Top # 2) OTW canter hits truckB-Top # 3) Veritas diesel-tanker down jebelB-Top # 4) Damac rolloverB-Top # 5) Head-on Canter/LC at 200 km/hr (2 dead) B-Top # 6) Rollover MCC (Heart-Attack?)Graded 7) Pedestrian hit at Al KhuwairB-Top # 8) Head-on LC/Truck (2 dead)B-Top # 9) Unauthorized Eid Journey (2 dead)B-Top # 10) T-junction: Truck hits pick-up (2 dead)B-Top # 11) Head-on Patrol/TruckB-Top # #: Defensive Driving/Behavior could have made the difference

13 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 13 RTA analysis: problem areas Played role in acc no: n Young inexperienced drivers3x n Other road users 5x n Defensive driving 10x n Blacktop instead of graded road 10x Better Defensive Driving skills / Behavior awareness could have mitigated these incidents

14 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 14 OLD PDO Driver Training: n Coast: –Only for young drivers (below 25 yrs): 8 hrs defensive driving –Others: None –No medical checks (vision/reactions) n Interior: –8 hrs “Interior Driver Skills” course every 3 years –No medical testing (vision/reactions) –Strong emphasis on “graded/off road” n Problems: –Does not address the changed environment –Too infrequent –Concentrates on “skills” rather than “behaviour/attitude” –No/very little competence assurance

15 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 15 Driver Competence Assurance Redesign: timing n Data collection phase, options review Sept/00 n Workshop with NSC + Tr Inst’s reps Oct/00 n Complete new concept + implications Nov/00 n Director endorsementframework Nov & March n Courses detailed design Jan-April n Stakeholder consultation 11/March n Train the trainers (NTI/OTI/TATI) May-June n Modify training contracts April-June n Implement new program 1/July

16 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 16 Defensive Driving Course (DDC) development: n Defensive Driving Modules: –Base design as per NSC (National Safety Council, International SC) –Heavily emphasise behaviour/attitude change of driver –Teach Defensive Driving techniques –“Omanise” with major input from OTI/NTI/TATI –Accreditation of training providers by NSC –3 days “Train the Trainers” and accreditation by NSC n Why NSC? –Common “standard” by all training providers –External accreditation of Local Companies by recognised body –Non-commercial entity: low cost material and updates –Internationally recognised as one of the leaders in Defensive Driving –Since 1963: 45 million people trained

17 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 17 Principles Behind New Programme: n Shift emphasis to defensive driving techniques n Incorporate attitude and behavioural aspects n Harness strengths of existing courses and combine with expertise from international organisation n Ensure courses meet needs of entire target audience n Build in robust and consistent practical assessment

18 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 18 AIM OF THE DEFENSIVE DRIVING COURSE: To minimise death, injury and damage resulting from Road Traffic Incidents To minimise death, injury and damage resulting from Road Traffic Incidents

19 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 19 Basic Starting program: n 2 Day DDC :one off (no renewal) Assessment/Refresher program: n 1/2 Day Graded/Off-Road:one off (no renewal) Assessment/Refresher program: n Yearly Professional Assessment Drive (1 to 1) Only for those that have attended the DDC n Failed assessment: go back to DDC For future review: n Option of “Supervisory Assessment”: Q1/2002 n Refresher for DDC (after 3 yrs ??):Q1/2003

20 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 20 Driver Competence Assurance Framework DDC Light Vehicle Blacktop Roads 2 days (one off) DDC Heavy Vehicle Blacktop Roads 2 days (one off) Bus 1/2 day (one off) Tanker 1/2 day (one off) Yearly: Professional Assessment Drive Test on knowledge of PDO-Rules Graded 1/2 day (one off) +

21 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 21 class Day 1 (class room) Module: n Hearts and Minds n Driver Condition n Common Driving Errors n The Driving Environment n See and Survive n Vehicle Control n The Driving Plan n Vehicle Safety Systems class Day 2 (class/road) Module: n Before You Drive n Demonstration Drive n Seat Belt Convincer n Tutored Driving Practice n Practical Assessment n Driver Commitment (includes written/oral test) Defensive Driving Course Structure

22 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 22 Classroom Instruction

23 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 23 Vision testing

24 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 24 Vehicle Check

25 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 25 Roll-over simulator

26 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 26 Demonstration-drive by instructor Tutored drive Assessment drive

27 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 27 Defensive Driving Course Practical Assessment: n In car checks n Observation / scanning / use of mirrors n Hazard awareness n Speed and Distance n Information (given/taken) n Junctions n Stopped in traffic n Positioning n Braking n Gear n Acceleration n Leaves way out

28 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 28 Estimated number of drivers PDO and Contractors: Light Blacktop 10,000 Heavy Goods2,700 Light Grd/Off-Road 7,000Buses 400 Tankers 400

29 PDO & Contractors: Defensive Driving Courses 29 WWW site with all details on DDC: nhttp://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/ nhttp://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/dts/ddc/ddchome.htm nUsername: pdohse01 nPassword: contrator01


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