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Safety at Home
Accident chain Recurring pattern that is present in all mishaps
Situation – the circumstance or event leading up to an accident Risk factor – isolated unsafe act or an unsafe habit
Accident – result of consequence of one or more risk factors Aftermath – personal injury, destruction of property or both
Fires 3 elements to have fire Fuel Heat Air
Fire prevention devices Smoke detector – an alarm that is triggered by the presence of smoke Fire extinguisher – portable device that puts out small fires by ejecting chemicals
Fire safety action Every family should have a fire safety plan – escape plan and a safe prearranged meeting place.
Falls Can happen to anyone Take steps to prevent falls
Electric shock Death resulting from passage through the body of a high- voltage current
Poisoning Most poisons are found in the kitchen, bathroom, utility area, basement, and garage
Preventive behaviors Household products and medicines should be kept in locked cabinets or out of the reach of children
Safety outside the home
Recreational Safety Recreational activities are fun but are “accidents waiting to happen” Common sense and caution can break the accident chain
Accidents in or on water 7 th leading cause of preventable death 4,300 people drown each year 3,000 hospitalized Kids under 4 account for 60% of all pool drownings
Swimming Know your abilities Supervised areas – lifeguard Muscle cramp – relax, float, and press and squeeze the muscle In current – swim at a 45 degree angle Never swim when using meds or alcohol
Diving Always check water depth Never dive into unfamiliar water. Do not jump into shallow water
Boating Learn how to handle a boat correctly Wear approved flotation devices Do not drink or use drugs and drive a boat
Accidents on thee trail Stay in specified campsites Never camp or hike alone Be knowledgeable Carry plenty of water Never include alcohol or drugs
Safety on the job Responsibility for maintaining a safe work environment rests with the employer and the employee
OSHA Occupational safety and health administration – a federal agency responsible for promoting safe and healthful conditions in the workplace
Hurricane A powerful rainstorm, characterized by driving winds Eastern and southern seaboards
Tornado A powerful, twisting windstorm Storm cellar or basement – hallway or bathroom without windows – if outside get in a ditch and lie face down
Watch – conditions are good Warning – one has been spotted.
Floods Earthquakes Blizzards – a snowstorm with winds of 35 mph or greater
Vehicular safety Obeying the rules of the road, as well as exercising common sense and good judgment.
Common sense & good judgment Paying attention to road conditions Paying attention to other drivers Paying attention to your physical state Paying attention to your emotional state
Road rage When intense anger and driving mix Disputes over a parking space, obscene gestures, loud music, overuse of horns, and slow driving – known to use guns or other weapons
Safety on two wheels
Motorcycle and moped safety 17 x likely to be killed – weigh less and difficult to see Wear helmets, proper clothing and eye protection
Bicycle safety 53,000 injuries occur each year 750 deaths Wear helmets, ride on the right, obey the same rules as drivers
First aid Immediate, temporary care given to a person who has become sick or who has been injured
Abrasion Scrape Damages the outer layers of skin Little or no bleeding Caused by scraping or rubbing
Laceration Cut Caused by – knife, broken glass or hard blow from a blunt object Smooth or jagged edges Bleeding, damage to nerves, blood vessels and soft tissue
Puncture Caused by pointed objects piercing the skin External bleeding is limited, internal bleeding and damage to internal organs and infection
Avulsion Tissue being separated partly or completely from the body Auto accidents or animal bites Parts should be taking to hospital to be reattached Heavy bleeding
Shock Failure of the cardiovascular system to keep adequate blood circulating to the vital organs of the body
Lesson 2 Recreation and Water Safety Recreational activities are fun, but they can be accompanied by the unexpected. Common sense and caution can minimize.
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Emergency Care Vocab Health Occ. Laceration: A jagged, irregular tear of the skin.
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