Presentation on theme: "The Muscular System. The muscular system is made up of… Muscles and Tendons."— Presentation transcript:
The Muscular System
The muscular system is made up of… Muscles and Tendons
Functions of Muscles Hold your organs in place Hold your bones together so that you can move Help you chew your food Open and close your eyelids Pump your blood Allow you to run and play Help you to smile
Muscle Action Involuntary muscles impossible to control completely not under your conscious control responsible for activities such as: - breathing -digesting food Voluntary muscles muscles that are under your control actions controlled by voluntary muscles: - smiling -turning a page in a book -getting out of your chair when the bell rings
Types of Muscles
Skeletal Muscle Functions Attached to the bones of your skeleton Provide the force that moves your bones At each end of a skeletal muscle is a tendon –Tendon: a strong connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone –Skeletal muscle cells appear banded, or striated—sometimes called striated muscle
Skeletal Muscle Characteristics Classified as voluntary muscles React very quickly - example: swimmer at a swim meet, leg muscles quickly push the swimmer off the block into the pool Skeletal muscles tire quickly -example: by the end of the swim race, the swimmer’s muscles are tired and need a rest
Smooth Muscle Functions Involuntary muscles Found in the inside of many internal organs (walls of stomach and blood vessels) Work automatically to control many types of movements inside your body (digestion) Example : - as the smooth muscles of your stomach contract, they produce a churning action, the churning mixes the food with chemicals produced by your stomach. This action and these chemicals help to digest the food
Smooth Muscle Characteristics Smooth muscle cells are not striated Behave differently than skeletal muscles React more slowly and tire more slowly
Cardiac Muscle Function -has characteristics in common with both smooth and skeletal muscles -involuntary Characteristics -muscle cells are striated -cardiac muscle does not get tired -can contract repeatedly (repeated contractions heartbeats) -found only in the heart
Muscles at Work Muscles do their work by contracting, or becoming shorter and thicker Contract when they receive messages from the nervous system Because muscle cells can only contract, not extend, skeletal muscles must work in pairs. While one muscle contracts, the other muscle in the pair returns to its original length.
Taking Care of Your Skeletal Muscles Exercise- maintain muscular strength and flexibility Makes individual muscle cells grow wider—causes whole muscle to become thicker The thicker a muscle is, the stronger the muscle is Flexibility- helps prepare your muscles for the work involved in exercising or playing Use precautions to help prevent muscle injuries Warming up Using proper safety equipment
Injured Muscles Muscle strain/pulled muscle– can occur when muscles are overworked or overstretched Tendons- may be overstretched or partially torn Too much exercise can lead to a skeletal muscle cramp When muscles cramp, the entire muscle contracts strongly and stays contracted Always follow medical instructions and rest your injured muscle or tendon until it heals
Fun Facts You have over 30 facial muscles which create looks like surprise, happiness, sadness, and frowning. Eye muscles are the busiest muscles in the body. Scientists estimate they may move more than 100,000 times a day! The largest muscle in the body is the gluteus maximus muscle in the buttocks. There are about 60 muscles in the face. Smiling is easier than frowning. It takes 20 muscles to smile and over 40 to frown.