Starter: Recap What might the mnemonic ‘Second’ mean? S econdary E laboration CON densation D isplacement
Lesson objectives To analyse various ‘common’ symbols in dreams and interpret their meaning. To examine the other components of Psychoanalysis (slip of the tongue and free association) and apply these to psychological therapies…
Symbolism What might each of these symbols mean? Why?
Part 1 - Symbolism
Snakes A sign of trouble A phallic symbol A symbol of death
Guns Guns are linked to males – power, aggression, sexuality If you possess a gun it suggests that you want power If you are threatened by a gun, it may mean someone is bullying you
Clothes Clothes are linked to how we think people perceive us Inappropriate dress suggest you feel unprepared
Knives Knives represent cutting, physical or through verbal remarks You may feel cut off
Lifts Lifts usually represent something going wrong, it might represent progress with an aspect of your life and that you feel something is going wrong (trapped, out of control).
Task Look back at the dreams of Ida Bauer and the Wolf Man. Reread these dreams and now analyse them for the following: Symbols (including their meaning) Secondary elaboration Condensation Displacement
The Wolf Man
Part 2 - Psychoanalysis
Psychoanalysis Three methods of psychoanalysis Slip of the tongue Free association Dream analysis It was (is) believed that a person uses energy to repress their wishes and desires and psychoanalysis uses methods to uncover these wishes and desires.
Slip of the tongue (Freudian Slip) describes the moment when someone uses one word when meaning another. Free association is where someone is asked to say their thoughts out loud, without controlling them. The analyst can look for associations between thou- ghts and ideas.
Task Write a (comedy) script for a session of psychoanalysis. I want you to include all of the key themes/ideas covered so far: Manifest and latent content Dreamwork – secondary elaboration, displacement, condensation Symbols Slips of the tongue Free association