Presentation on theme: "Good Room/Bad RoomGood Room/Bad Room Take out a clean sheet of paper. Title it “Good Room, Bad Room” Notes. Take EVERYTHING OFF YOUR DESK aside from."— Presentation transcript:
Good Room/Bad RoomGood Room/Bad Room Take out a clean sheet of paper. Title it “Good Room, Bad Room” Notes. Take EVERYTHING OFF YOUR DESK aside from the paper and something to write with. Two Columns- Good Room/Bad Room
Overview 16 th Century More extreme Protestants within the church of England Wanted to “purify” their national church by eliminating every shred of Catholic influence. James 1 (King 1603) Puritans asked to grant reforms- he said NO way! Charles 1 (1660): failed attempt to rule without Parliament; civil war
4 Convictions4 Convictions Personal salvation was entirely from god The Bible provided the indispensible guide to life Church should reflect the express teaching of scripture That society was one unified whole
English PuritanismEnglish Puritanism Known at first for their critical attitude regarding religious compromise made during reign of Elizabeth 1. Encouraged: Direct personal religious experience Sincere moral code Simple worship services Christianity should be taken as the focus of human existence ACT OF UNIFORMITY (1662) English Puritans expelled from church; considered non- conformists
American PuritanismAmerican Puritanism 17 th Century Puritan groups separated from the church (among these were the Pilgrims who in 1620 founded Plymouth Colony) 10 years later= first large Puritan migration Richard Mather and John Cotton- Massachusetts Bay Mainstream Calvanistic thought: Stressed personal religious experiences as “God’s elect”
Separation from the Church of England 17 th Century Emigrated to the new world Founded a holy commonwealth Remained dominant in New England into the 19 th century
Beliefs Depravity Unconditional Election; God “saves” those he wishes Limited atonement: Jesus died for the chosen Expected to work hard and repress emotions No tolerance for individual difference All sins should be punished God’s Will Followers of Satan were witches (social outcasts)
DUALITY Devil was as real as God Evil versus Good Dark versus Light Individualism versus Conformity
Facts on Salem TrialsFacts on Salem Trials Over 150 people (78% women) were accused of witchcraft in Salem, Massachusetts, 1692. 19 people were hanged (14 women and 5 men), and one man was pressed to death because he would not say whether he was guilty or innocent. Nobody was burned at Salem, but they did burn “witches” in Europe. Evidence used against suspected witches to prove they were on the devil’s side: accused of harming animals, making people sick, pinching people as they slept, unladylike behavior (yelling at their husbands in public).
Nathaniel Hawthorne 1804-1864 Salem, Mass. One of Hawthorne’s ancestors were among the judges of Salem Witch Trials (only judge to not repent his actions) Hawthorne was not a Puritan!!! He looked with distaste upon “the whole dismal severity of the Puritan code of law”. Transcendental reformer He called his stories “moral allegories of the heart”; deep psychological complexity, Puritan influence.
Sources Puritain Beliefs: http://sunburst.usd.edu/~jdudley/241/basic_puritan_ beliefs.htm Puritain Beliefs: http://sunburst.usd.edu/~jdudley/241/basic_puritan_ beliefs.htm Salem Facts: Elizabeth Reis Author of Damned Women: Sinners and Witches in Puritan New England Henry Warner Bowden
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