Presentation on theme: " Relationships of psychological and physiological variables are an important area of study Different styles of coping have different implications for."— Presentation transcript:
Relationships of psychological and physiological variables are an important area of study Different styles of coping have different implications for cardiovascular health What effects do different styles of coping have on heart rate variability?
Cardiovascular Disease is the number one cause of death in the U.S. (CDC, 2005) Important to examine relationships between cardiovascular disease and controllable factors Early intervention may be key
Measure of changes in heart rate that vary by situation (Malik, 1996) Can be used to measure relationships between physiological states and emotional ones (Appelhans & Luecken, 2006) Certain types of emotion processing can lead to higher heart rates (Low, Stanton, & Bower, 2008)
Higher HRV is good– shows you are more adaptive! (Appelhans & Leucken, 2006) People may have lower HRV when in stressful situations (Lyonfields, 1996)
Coping styles can have implications for physical health People who ruminate about anger have higher blood pressure (Hogan & Linden, 2004) Repressive coping style is associated with coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, and death (Denollet et al., 2008)
People who repress anger are more likely to become victims of early death (Harburg et al., 2003) Clear that coping methods have important interactions with cardiovascular health
We used the Brief COPE › 28-item questionnaire › Measures 14 different coping mechanisms Developed by Charles S. Carver Demonstrated internal validity (Carver, 1997) Briefer version of the full-scale COPE (Carver, 2007)
My research will determine what relationships exist between types of coping and Heart Rate Variability in response to a stressful event
Part of a larger study intended to collect different types of data Study was done in 2 phases, each about 1 hour long › Phase I: Battery of questionnaires, including the Brief COPE › Phase II: HRV, blood pressure, and cholesterol measurements, and another brief questionnaire
Eligibility › Enrollment in psychology course › 18 years old › Fluent in English › Participants were excluded if they could not fast the night before Phase II UNT undergraduate psychology students receiving course credit › Recruited through SONA system › Final Sample: 501 Phase I participants, 297 Phase II participants Representative sample of overall student population of UNT, taking into account race, age, and sex
Appelhans, B.M., & Luecken, L.J. (2006). Heart rate variability as an index of regulated emotional responding. Review of General Psychology, 10, 229-240. Carver, C.S. (1997). You want to measure coping but your protocol’s too long: Consider the Brief COPE. International Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 4, 92-100. Carver, C.S. (2007). Brief COPE. Retrieved March 11, 2009, from University of Miami, Department of Psychology Web site: http://www.psy.miami.edu/faculty/ccarver/sclBrCOPE.htmlhttp://www.psy.miami.edu/faculty/ccarver/sclBrCOPE.html Center for Disease Control. (2005, November 9). Deaths: Final Data for 2002, tables 9, 10. Retrieved March 11, 2009, from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htmhttp://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/deaths.htm Hogan, B.E., & Linden, W. (2004). Anger response styles and blood pressure: At least don’t ruminate about it! Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 27 Denollet, J., Conraads, V.M., Martens, E.J., Nyklicek, I., & de Gelder, B. (2008). Clinical events in coronary patients who report low distress: Adverse effect of repressive coping. Health Psychology, 27, 302-308. Harburg, E., Julius, M., Kaciroti, N., Gleiberman, L., & Schork, M.A. (2003). Expressive/suppressive anger- coping responses, gender, and types of mortality: A 17-year follow-up (Tecumseh, Michigan, 1971-1988). Psychosomatic Medicine, 65, 588-597. Low, C.A., Stanton, A.L., & Bower, J.E. (2008). Effects of acceptance-oriented versus evaluative emotional processing on heart rate recovery and habituation. Emotion, 8, 419-424. Lyonfields, J.D. (1996). The impact of mental activity, affective content, and chronic worry on heart rate variability. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 57, 0752. Malik, M. (1996). Heart rate variability: Standards of measurement, physiological interpretation, and clinical use. Circulation, 93, 1043-1065.
Joseph Doster, Ph. D., Professor, Department of Psychology Joseph Critelli, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Psychology Andrea Kirk, Ph.D., Lecturer, Honors College Susan Eve, Ph.D., Associate Dean of the Honors College Gloria Cox, Ph.D., Dean of the Honors College Warren Burggren, Ph.D., Dean of the College of Arts and Sciences Wendy Wilkins, Ph.D., Provost and V.P. of Academic Affairs Gretchen Bataille, Ph.D., President of the University of North Texas