Presentation on theme: "Millard Fillmore By: Nathaniel Williams Job Training and Political Career."— Presentation transcript:
Millard Fillmore By: Nathaniel Williams Job Training and Political Career
First Apprenticeship Millard Fillmore began his working career at a young age like many children in the early 1800’s. Millard became an apprentice when he was only 14 years old in a textile mill. This textile mil was run by Benjamin Hungerford who took him in as an apprentice. Only a little more than a year passed before Millard Fillmore returned home because of a dispute between him and his master Benjamin. “My only justification... Is that I have an inborn hatred of injustice and tyranny which I cannot repress.” -Millard Fillmore’s comment on his altercation with his first master Benjamin Hungerford-
Second Apprenticeship After coming home from his first apprenticeship Millard Fillmore became apprentice to Zaccheus Cheney who was much more compatible with Millard than his previous employer. Millard, who dedicated himself to his job, became head workman within a year.
New Career After five years as an apprentice to Cheney, Millard decided that the cloth making would not suit him and that the study of law would. Millard doubled up being an apprentice to Cheney while he studied law with a local judge. Millard impressed the Judge and he was offered a job that he would take fully committing him to law and taking him away from the textile mills. While working for the Judge, Millard taught at a nearby school to earn money.
Law Practice And Politics Millard, after finishing his training with Judge Wood and passing the bar exam, moves to East Aurora in New York. While living in New York Fillmore became part of the Anti-Masonic Group and was nominated for the New York State Assembly which he won in 1828. Millard served three terms in the assembly and became well known as a successful politician. Then in 1832 Millard Fillmore was nominated to the House of Representatives in Congress.
Congress Millard was elected to the House of Representatives in 1833 during Andrew Jacksons second term. Millard spent most of his time watching the more experienced Congressmen and learning from them. Millard was reelected in 1836, 1838, and 1840 mainly because he was one of the front runners for the new Whig Party which opposed Jacksonian ideals. In 1847 Fillmore was nominated for the NY comptroller.
Vice-Presidency 1 In 1848, one year after his term as comptroller for New York Millard Fillmore was nominated as Vice-President for Zachary Taylor. Zachary and Fillmore faced Lewis Cass. The duo won the election and Millard immediately went to work on the biggest issue of the time: Slavery. Millard was strongly against slavery but his running partner Zachary Taylor was a slave owner. Taylor proved to be a moderate Southerner who did not oppose free state expansion.
Vice Presidency 2 California’s admission as a free state created calamity in the Senate between the North and the South. Fillmore was afraid of secession and so was Henry Clay who created a bill to ensure the Fugitive Slave act and keep California a free state. This only heated the debate which was suddenly cooled on July 9 th 1850 when Zachary Taylor died from fever sending Millard Fillmore into Presidency. “A great man has fallen among us and a whole country is called to an occasion of...deep, and general mourning.... I appeal to you to aid me...in the discharge of the duties from which... I dare not shrink.”- Millard Fillmore On the day of Taylor’s death-
Presidency 1 Fillmore started by creating a whole new cabinet which included Daniel Webster and his law partner Nathan K. Hall. Millard also chose people he knew would support his views and the Compromise of 1850 which was passed with criticism on both sides. The controversy over the Compromise soon turned into mobs trying to free slaves and Millard Fillmore’s first address to congress. Fillmore urged people to accept the law which he believed had kept the nation out of war. Bust of Daniel Webster
Foreign Policy Millard experienced more than just the controversy between the states. He also dealt with international policy with Mexico and Cuba. In Mexico the government there refused to allow a railroad being built in their nation which would profit America. The Mexican government refused a treaty and Fillmore never reached consensus with Mexico. In Cuba American revolutionaries were killed or captured causing a hostage situation. Millard worked out a deal with Cuba and so the hostages were freed.
National Policy Fillmore used national funds to feed the booming railroad industry and promote business. Millard also wanted increase in military and decrease in stamp cost which would promote business growth.
Whig Party After Millard Fillmore had his first term in Congress long before he became president the Anti Mason party began to fall. Through the failure of this party emerged the Whig party which was largely supported by Millard. This party grew tremendously and was strong until during Millard’s presidency. The party began to falter and later collapsed into the Republican and Constitutional Union Party.
President 2 Because of Millard’s fear of not being reelected he did not run for reelection in 1852. After that decision Millard Fillmore did little besides exploit trade with Japan in 1852. Fillmore was replaced by Franklin Pierce in the election of 1852.
Post-Presidency Fillmore joined the know-nothing party after the Whig party collapsed. The party was anti-immigrant but Millard did not share that ideal. Fillmore tried again to run as president under the Know-Nothings Party but Fillmore was accused of some Know-Nothing traits and ended up losing to James Buchanan.
Work Cited Barnes, Michael Shawn. "Artifacts and Images of The Era of Manifest Destiny." AHC. N.p., 17 Apr. 2011. Web. 20 Mar. 2011.. Behnke, Alison. Millard Fillmore. Minneapolis: Lerner Publications Company, 2007. Print. Presidential Leaders. Brown, Thomas, et al. "Whig Party." New World Encyclopedia. N.p., 4 Apr. 2008. Web. 20 Mar. 2011.. Getty Images. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2011.. Patterson, John, et al. "Fillmore, Millard." New World Encyclopedia. New World Encyclopedia, 29 Aug. 2008. Web. 17 Mar. 2011..