Race riots breakout due to resentment of migration Red Summer
St. Louis Race Riots Oklahoma North Carolina Detroit Atlanta
Most influential movement of African American literature! Bessie Smith Josephine Baker Louis Armstrong Langston Hughes Harlem Renaissance
African Americans move from South to North Rural to Urban Areas The GREAT MIGRATION
Socioeconomic Opportunities Increase in National Organizations like NAACP Improve Literacy “Uplifting the Race” Great Migration
A study on the effects of Syphilis on 400 African American men was started. The men were never told or given treatment for the disease. President Bill Clinton will apologize in 1997, 65 years later!
Jessie Owens Wins 4 gold medals at the Berlin games. 100 meter 200 meter 4x 100 meter relay Long Jump
Adolf Hitler refuses to shake Gold Medal winner! Nazi Party propaganda showed Africans as racially inferior. Olympic games were supposed to demonstrate the Aryan supremacy!
Joe Louis Boxing Heavyweight Champion First African American athlete that broke down the sport racial barrier!
Jackie Robinson 1 st Professional Baseball Player 1 st Black athlete to Letter in 4 sports in college Baseball Basketball Football Track Other teams threatened to forfeit, hurled racial slurs, plus gave him a seven inch cut on arm. He never fought back! MLB of Year 1947 MVP of Year 1949
Jackie’s other Roles in the Civil Right Movement Court Martialed from army for not moving to the back of the bus Built houses for low income families through the Robinson Construction Co. Marched on Washington with Martin Luther King, Jr.
RED TAILS 1948 United States Army was Desegregated
1954 Brown vs. Board of Education Supreme court rules that segregation of school is illegal.
Rosa Parks Montgomery Bus Boycott last one year!
1956 United States Supreme Court rules that Segregation on buses in Alabama is illegal.
1962 Cesar Chavez Worked for Latino Civil Rights “La Causa” Organized the “Grape March” 1,000 of migrant workers marched 341 miles to Sacramento His motto was "Si Se Puede "Yes, it can be done".
Little Rock Nine US Army upholds African American Civil Rights by escorting students to school.
John Carlos and Tommy Smith Olympic Project for Human Rights Raise their fist in the air, to make a stand
Against the draft since they were guaranteed civil rights, why should they have to fight? Threw Gold Medal away Joins Nation of Islam Becomes Muhammad Ali
Helped organize March on Washington. Over 250,000 people attended this march in an effort to show the importance of civil rights Led the Montgomery Bus Boycott His house was bombed, and he was arrested Believed in non-violent protests Assassinated in 1968
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was the preeminent leader of Indian nationalism in British-ruled India. He would get large groups to refuse to work, sitting in the streets, boycotting the courts, and more. Each of these protests are small by themselves, but when most of the population does them at once, it can shut down the country.
Nelson Mandela was a civil rights leader in South Africa.civil rightsSouth Africa He fought against apartheid, a system where non- white citizens were segregated from whites and did not have equal rights.apartheid He spent 27 years in prison. South African Presidentt
Frederick Douglass Helen Keller Thurgood Marshall Elizabeth Stanton Mother Teresa Sojourner Truth Harriet Tubman Booker T. Washington Ida B. Wells
No war or fighting
Rights inherent to all
Understanding each group is unique Respect for things different.
Using laws to fairly judge
Nonviolence is the practice of being harmless to self and others under every condition. It comes from the belief that hurting people, animals or the environment is unnecessary to achieve an outcome