Presentation on theme: "American Revolution ALL the following events represent the major events along the way to the American Revolution. Although it would be hard to point to."— Presentation transcript:
American Revolution ALL the following events represent the major events along the way to the American Revolution. Although it would be hard to point to any one event that singularly led to the Revolution. All the battles and wars in this presentation were the cause of the American Revolution/War of Independence. The United States wanted Independence from Britain and its laws. It all started in 1754……
French and Indian War 1754-1763 The French and Indian War was a seven-year war between England and the American colonies, against the French and some of the Indians in North America. When the war ended, France was no longer in control of Canada.
British Actions After the French Indian War The British had 10,000 troops in North America at the end of the French and Indian War. Proclamation of 1763 tried to protect the Indians from further land take-overs by the settlers. The proclamation outlawed the purchase of land from the Indian, unless the land was licensed by the British. The proclamation established a western boundary for colonial settlement, along the Appalachian Mountains. To the west the lands were reserved for the Indians.
Revenue Act of 1764 The Revenue Act of 1764, otherwise known in the colonies as "The Sugar Act“, actually lowered the tax on molasses, a key import of the colonies. The new act provided strong methods of enforcing the tariff on molasses. It also placed a tax on the importation of additional items, such as silks, wines and potash. The American colonists whatever actions they could to ignore defy the new laws by smuggling goods into the colonies without paying the taxes.
Stamp Tax Imposed and Repealed The Revenue Act of 1764 did not bring in enough money to help pay the cost of defending the colonies so the British looked for additional sources of taxation. The Stamp Act, required all newspapers and legal documents to carry a stamp purchased from the British. The British were surprised by the level of the opposition to the Stamp tax. They were faced with two options, repress the opposition with force or repeal the Stamp Tax. Eventually the stamp tax was revoked.
Townsend Act In 1767, the British passed new taxes on glass, paper, teas, paints and other goods shipped to the colonies from Britain. The Prime Minister wanted to raise money to cover the cost for defending the colonies and pay the salaries of governors and judges in the colonies. The colonists reacted by refusing to buy British goods. The colonists argued that they shouldn't be taxed since they had no representation in the British government Again Britain was forced to remove the taxes, all except for the tax on tea.
Boston Massacre- 1770 Brawls were constant between the British and the colonists because the colonists were enraged at the increasing amount of British soldiers flooding into the colonies. On March 5, 1770, a crowd of sixty towns people surrounded the British soldiers and starting throwing snowballs at the guards. Suddenly, a shot rang out, followed by several others. Ultimately, 11 colonists were hit and five died. Two soldiers were found guilty of manslaughter and had their hands branded. News of this attack was spread throughout the colonies.
The Boston Tea Party The British East India Company had controlled all tea trading between India and the British colonies. As a result of the tea tax, the colonies refused to buy the British tea. Instead, they smuggled tea in from Holland. In May 1773, The Tea Act allowed the British East India Company to sell tea directly to the colonists, bypassing the colonial wholesale merchants. On the evening of December 16, 1773, a group of men calling themselves the "Sons of Liberty" went to the Boston Harbor. The men were dressed as Mohawk Indians. They boarded three British ships and dumped forty-five tons of tea into the Boston Harbor.
BATTLES At the start of the revolution, the American soldiers were poorly trained and had little military experience. Not all Americans were in favor of the rebellion. Britain had 3 times more people than America, and considerably more wealth. The British also had a strong military with a powerful navy. To the American's advantage, they were fighting on their own land and were experienced wilderness fighters from their battles with the native Indians. The Revolution/battles started in 1775- 1783 when shots were fired in Massachusetts. There were many battles throughout the northern and the southern colonies. In defended themselves, the colonies knew they must act as a nation to survive. The war brought the colonies together with a single purpose, to defend their land and their freedoms.
When the American Revolution was going on in 1775/1776 thousands of colonists joined the rebel cause and fought to preserve the British Empire and the royal laws in America. The revolution has become a bloody civil war. The rebels decree that any loyalty to Britain is a crime, punishable by the whipping post and the noose. In 1776, the Thirteen Colonies, in what would become part of the United States, declared independence from Britain. They wanted to form their own country, free of British rule. Many Loyalists left the Thirteen Colonies during the American War of Independence/American Revolution. Some went north the what had become British North America. Most Loyalist came to communities in Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands. It is estimated that 100,000 Loyalists were driven out of the New English's (American) Thirteen Colonies. The rebels confiscated all the lands and property of the Loyalists. About 50,000 refugees flee north for sanctuary from persecution, the rest head south or back to Britain and some to their ancestral home country.
The 13 Colonies/Americans The 13 colonies wanted to have their own laws and government and didn’t want anything to do with the British Laws in “Canada”. New Hampshire, New York, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia were the 13 colonies.
The arrival of the Loyalists after the war of independence (American Revolution) led to the division of Canada into the provinces of Upper Canada (what is now southern Ontario) and Lower Canada (what is now southern Quebec). For the same reasons, Nova Scotia was divided into the provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. The creation of Upper and Lower Canada allowed most Loyalists to live under British laws and institutions, while the French-speaking population of Lower Canada could maintain their familiar French civil law and the Catholic religion.
A version of the Union Flag used from 1707 to 1801, which can still be seen as a common Loyalist symbol in certain parts of Canada.
The thirteen colonies in the south of North America wanted to be their own country and not under control of Britain. They joined together and created a new country called United States of America. They declared their independence in June of 1812, by declaring war on Britain. Conclusion of the American Revolution
Both Americans and Canadians became closer and felt that they were one country. Land was divided up along the 49 th parallel. Establishment of British North America and the United States of America. Results of the American Revolution
This was a war fought between the Americans in the south and the “Canadians” in the North. America wanted its independence, but also wanted to gain more land and resources from the areas in the north. The result was the Canadians avoided conquest by the Americans and the Americans achieved their independence. War of 1812