Presentation on theme: "Psychology November 28, 2011 Warm Up Get out your Bipolar reading from Thursday. If you have not completed it you will have until 7:30 to finish. If you."— Presentation transcript:
Psychology November 28, 2011 Warm Up Get out your Bipolar reading from Thursday. If you have not completed it you will have until 7:30 to finish. If you have, you should be looking over your comments and preparing questions. I will be choosing a “Discussion Leader” that will be responsible for asking/posing the first question for the group to focus on. It should encompass the entire article so students can reference the WHOLE article.
Dissociative, Somatoform and Personality Disorders Dissociative disorders cause people to lose their memory or identity. Somatoform disorders cause people to express psychological distress through physical symptoms. Personality disorders are characterized by patterns of unchanging personality traits that disrupt people’s social lives and work lives.
What is dissociation and what are the four dissociative disorders? Dissociation – separation of certain personality components or mental processes from conscious thought. Sometime dissociation is normal, for example, when you are engrossed in reading or watching TV and you do not hear someone calling your name. It is abnormal if it occurs as a way to remove your self from a stressful situation (losing memory of an event, or even forgetting their identity.)
What are the four types of dissociative disorders? Dissociative amnesia – characterized by sudden loss of memory, usually following a stressful or traumatic event. – Typically cannot remember any events for a certain period of time surrounding the traumatic event. – Cannot be explained biologically, but usually occurs after a major event such as witnessing serious accident or natural disaster. Dissociative Fugue – characterized by not only forgetting personal information and past events, but also by suddenly relocating from home and work and taking on a new identity. – When these people get away from their home they may take on a new identity, living and working with this new id. Once the fugue state is over, they will not usually remember what happened.
What are the four types of dissociative disorders? Dissociative Identity Disorder (multiple personality disorder) – existence of two or more personalities within a single person. – Personalities may or may not be aware of others, take turns controlling the individual’s behavior, and each personality is very different from the others. Depersonalization disorder – feelings of detachment from one’s mental processes or body. – People feel as though they are outside their bodies observing themselves from a distance.
How do theorists explain the origins or dissociative disorders? Psychoanalytic theory – people dissociate in order to repress unacceptable urges. Learning theory – learned not the think about disturbing events in order to avoid guilt, shame or pain. Neither cognitive or biological theorists have offered a complete explanation for dissociative disorders.
What is somatization and what are the most common types of somatoform disorders? Somatoform disorder – psychological distress through physical symptoms. – People may have a psychological disorder such as depression, but experience inexplicable physical symptoms such as paralysis. Conversion Disorder – people experience a change or loss of physical functioning in a major part of their body, for which there is no medical explanation. – Usually sudden with no medical explanation. Hypochondriasis – person’s unrealistic preoccupation with thoughts that he/she has a serious disease. – Become obsessed with minor symptoms, and constantly seek out physician expertise!
How do theorists explain the origins of somatoform disorder?` Psychoanalytic theory – somatoform disorders form when individuals repress emotions associated with forbidden urges instead of expressing them symbolically in physical symptoms. More recently, psychologists argue that people actually convert psychological stress into medical problems. There may be a direct link between the body part affected and the cause. Behavioral theorists argue that people’s symptoms serve as reinforcers to escape form anxiety.
A Chart of Explanation… Make a Chart with 4 sections. They will have headings labeled with each of the dissociative disorders we learned about today. Give YOUR OWN explanations of each of the disorders. DRAW A PICTURE of each of the disorders in order to help explain each of the better.
A Chart of Explanation… On the back of the chart you just made, label each section with the 3 somatoform disorders we learned about. (There will be one empty section.) The empty section should be labeled “What psychologists think?” Give YOUR OWN explanations of each of the disorders and the perspectives from the psychologists. DRAW A PICTURE of each of the disorders in order to help explain each of the better.
Psychology May 9, 2012 What might you do to help a patient understand that the pain they are feeling is “all in their head”? Somatoform disorders lead people to suffer great pain, numbness and even paralysis due to mental illness. They cannot be treated by drugs. What would your psych sessions look or sound like to help a patient overcome physical and mental pain to become better? Please Pass Up the OPINIONS on the TIME MAGAZINE ARTICLE. This will be for a separate grade.
What are personality disorders and how do they differ from other psychological disorders? What are personality disorders? – Patterns of inflexible traits that disrupt social life or work and may distress the affected individual. – It’s important to note the differences between personality disorders and other types of psychological disorders. Psychological disorders – come in episodes Personality disorders – enduring traits that are major components of an individuals personality.
What are the ten types of personality disorders? Paranoid: suspicious and distrust others motives. Schizoid: detachment from social relationships. Schizotypal: Acute discomfort in close relationships and self image.
What are the ten types of personality disorders? Antisocial: disregard for the rights of others. Borderline: instability in interpersonal relationships and self-image. Histrionic: excessive emotionally, need for attention.
What are the ten types of personality disorders? Narcissistic: grandiosity, need for admiration, lack of empathy. Avoidant: social inhibitions, feelings of inadequacy. Dependent: submissive, clinging Obsessive-Compulsive: obsession with orderliness, perfectionism and control.
How do psychological and biological views explain the origins of antisocial personality disorder? Psychological – Psychoanalytical - research has found that children who are rejected by adults, and harshly punished rather than treated with affection, tend to lack a sense of guilt. – Learning – childhood experiences teach children how to relate to other people. – Cognitive – antisocial adolescents tend to see other people’s actions as threatening, even when they are not. They use this to justify their own.
Biological – Genetic factors are apparent – Antisocial personality tends to run in families. – Found mainly in the frontal lobe that is connected with emotional response. How do psychological and biological views explain the origins of antisocial personality disorder?
Activity Get out a sheet of paper and split it in half. On one side write Interesting Things I Learned or Heard In The Video. On the other side write RESPONSES. On the Interesting Things side you will be writing things down 10 things that you do or do not know about personality and anxiety disorders. After the video we will respond to these things, either with questions we would like to have answered or other things we know that could help answer patients questions.