Establishment and nature of the royal patronage. Arrival of early mendicant friars. Conflict over jurisdiction Conflict over the tithe Papal concessions to Mendicants
“The ideal of Christian conversions was that baptism should be a voluntary decision by each person regardless of class or gender. In Europe, where Christianity was tied to secular politics, conversion of the ruler meant that his subjects became Christians as well; but that European pattern was not replicated in Mexico. This is perhaps the most important conclusion from this study of Morelos baptism patterns.” [emphasis added, pp. 93-94 of Sarah Cline article in F.S. Schwaller, ed. Religion in Colonial Latin America]
The Extirpation campaign in Peru in seventeenth century. The use of force in conversion, and, later, to extirpate remaining pre-Columbian religions among the natives. “Does coercion lead to genuine conversion, or does it instead encourage dissimulation and feigned Christianity?” (p. 148)
And, “the Peruvian Extirpation was the most systematic attempt ever made in colonial Spanish America to repress Indian religion and uproot its alleged perversions of Catholicism.” (p. 150) Did all Catholic churchmen agree to the use of coersion? What about the Jesuits?
The denigration of huacas and other survivals of Indian religion in colonial Spanish Peru. Investigations into idolatry. See Isaiah 57 for Biblical authority most probably invoked by the Church.
“Christians and ‘Pagan’ Amerindians Confront Corrupt Clergy,” pp. 91-93 of A Documentary History. Greed, cruelty and illicit sex…sounds more like a modern soap opera than life among the clergy! Read this short piece and then compare the behavior described by the young naval lieutenants, Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa, with the Jesuit priests in the move The Mission. Which is true?
Who IS this Virgin of Guadalupe, everywhere present in the Mexican restaurants in town? Read the “Virgin of Guadalupe,” pp. 96ff in your Documentary History.
Welcome to the Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Project.Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz Project. The Sor Juana Project is sponsored by The Department of Spanish and Portuguese Dartmouth College Hanover, New Hampshire. We are honored to present to you the greatest poet the American continent produced in the seventeenth century. She was born November 12, 1651, in San Miguel Nepantla, a village south of Mexico City. She was a Poet Nun, a woman of genius, and a person of intellectual prowess whose ideas and accomplishments were ahead of her time.
The Inquisition in the New World The Inquisition in the New World The Inquisition in Seventeenth Century Peru The Inquisition in Seventeenth Century Peru The Inquisition in the New World. PPP (Ohio State) The Inquisition in the New World