Ritual in Society In primitive society, rituals were used to help people through rites of passage – birth, naming, puberty, marriage, burial.
In Modern Society… We lack many of these rituals. Or the rituals we have seem empty. Mythology and stories help us make these transitions.
Archetypes Just as our body has an evolutionary history, so too does our mind. Archetypes = “primordial images” Symbols and images connect with instincts and stages of development.
Collective Unconscious The inherited part of unconscious thought, memories, and instinct, which, according to Jungian principles, is common to members of a people and is observable through dreams and behavior
The Self Most important archetype. Center between consciousness and the unconscious. The ultimate unity of the personality.
The Persona From a Latin word for mask. It may reveal or conceal our real nature. The persona is a compromise between what we wish to be and what the surrounding world will allow us to be.
The Shadow Dark side of our personality. Criticism from our unconscious. Shadow prevails when we live out our worst nature and repress our better side.
Anima/Animus Anima represents the feminine in men; Animus represents the masculine in women. Our “other half”—what we need to be fully human (vs. socially determined gender roles)
The Trickster A figure whose physical appetites dominate his behavior. Mentality of an infant. Cynical, cruel, and unfeeling. Puck is one example.
The Twins Two aspects of man’s nature. Often introvert/extrovert. They belong together, yet at the same time are often dangerous when together.
Symbols of the Unconscious Caves, bodies of water, the forest, night, and the moon can symbolize the unconscious. previousprevious | nextnext