What is the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe? It is the world’s largest regional security organisation 56 participating States
The OSCE is unique for its comprehensive approach to Security 3 dimensions 1) Politico – Military dimension –Arms/border control –Police training –Counter-terrorist capacity-building 2) Human dimension –Election monitoring –Human Rights –Freedom of the Media 3) Economic – Environmental dimension –Economic development –Environmental protection
2. Office of the Coordinator for Economic and Environmental Activities -OCEEA-
HR ALB BiH FYROM MD UA BY GEO AZ AR TKM UZB TAJ KGZ KAZ S&M&OMiK - 17 OSCE Field Presences - 20 Economic and Environmental Officers (EEOs) + assistants - 17 OCEEA staff
Main activities in the Economic and Environmental Dimension aim to address: threats to Security Annual Economic Forum and Preparatory Conferences Economic Activities : - SME & Entrepreneurship development - Promoting better investment & business climate - Strengthening good governance; anti-corruption - Combating money laundering & terrorist financing - Anti-trafficking Programme Environmental Activities : - Environment and Security Initiative - River monitoring - Education for sustainable development - Aarhus Convention
Themes of the OSCE Economic Forum 2007: Key challenges to ensure environmental security and sustainable development in the OSCE area: Land degradation, soil contamination and water management 2006: Transportation in the OSCE area: Secure transportation networks and transport development to enhance regional economic co-operation and stability 2005: Demographic trends, migration and integrating persons belonging to national minorities 2004: New challenges for building up institutional and human capacity for economic development and co-operation 2003: Trafficking in human beings, drugs, small arms and light weapons: National and international economic impact 2002: Co-operation for the sustainable use and the protection of quality of water in the context of the OSCE 2001: Transparency and good governance in economic matters
Economic Forum (EF) process and the Basel Convention 14 th EF – Transport Presentation by Basel Convention Secretariat, transport of hazardous waste Exchange of letters Exploring training for enforcement agencies (police, border guards) 15 th EF – Land degradation, soil contamination and water management
Environmental Security Unit Environment and Security Initiative Environmental Public Awareness and Capacity Building Trans-boundary Water Management Disposal of Hazardous Waste, POPs
Key organisations join forces: OSCE, UNDP, UNEP, NATO, UNECE, and REC Awareness raising Assessment of root causes Capacity building Catalyzing Remediation of environmental threats Who? Why?
Strategic Police Matters Unit Office of the Secretary General OSCE Secretariat Vienna Established February 2002
Why is the OSCE doing policing? 1. Clear and Present Threat 2. Comprehensive Security 3. Rule of Law
Background of OSCE Police-Related Initiatives Further OSCE involvement in international civilian police activities - “Istanbul Charter for European Security” signed in November 1999 “Istanbul Charter for European Security” signed in November 1999 Section 44: Section 44: To enhance the OSCE's role in civilian police-related activities as an integral part of the Organization's efforts in: - conflict prevention - crisis management - post-conflict rehabilitation
Law Enforcement Departments in the OSCE field missions - FYROM - Kosovo - Serbia- Montenegro - Croatia
Deployed Police Officers – September 2006 Croatia 1 Serbia 26 Montenegro 5 Montenegro 5 Kosovo 30 FYROM 24 Kyrgyzstan 3 Georgia 1 Secretariat (Vienna) 7 Total 97
The main areas of OSCE assistance to law enforcement bodies with the focus on capacity building -Community Policing - Police training -Police investigations -Human Resources management
Possible ways of introducing of the “illegal trafficking of hazardous waste” issue through the OSCE assistance to law enforcement bodies n Inserting the “illegal trafficking of hazardous waste” subject into the police training programs while developing a new training curricula for local police training institutions; n Addressing the “illegal trafficking of hazardous waste” concern while advising to the National Ministries of Interior on police reform issues; n Including the “illegal trafficking of hazardous waste” component into the frame of practical assistance provided at the police investigations sphere;
Steps to be taken on the way of introducing of the “illegal trafficking of hazardous waste” through the OSCE assistance to law enforcement bodies n It has to be explored how national legislation identifies the role of police in the investigating of the environmental crimes in general and illegal trafficking of hazardous waste in particular; n It also to be explored how much the environmental component in OSCE police-related activities may be of general political support as well as donors interest; n Available or envisaged activities of another international actors in this field are to be learned to avoid the risk of overlapping; n Experienced police experts at the sphere of environmental crimes are to be identified;
Valuable assistance / information n Information on examples of national legislation which provides considerable frame-work for Police to investigate the environmental crimes; n Information on international organizations which provide assistance at the sphere of fighting the environmental crimes in general and illegal trafficking of hazardous waste in particular; n Regular information sharing on available activities / new initiatives at the sphere of fighting the environmental crimes;
Adopted by the OSCE Ministerial Council December 2005 Reaffirms the obligations and commitments already undertaken by the Participating States at the global, OSCE and Bi-lateral level
Participating states undertake to promote co- operation between their border, law enforcement and competent national structures with a view to: Promoting free and secure movement of persons, goods, services and investments; Reducing the threat of terrorism, including preventing cross-border movement of persons, weapons and funds connected with terrorist and other criminal activity; To prevent and repress transnational organised crime, illegal migration, corruption and trafficking in weapons, drugs and human beings;
Participating states undertake to promote co- operation between their border, law enforcement and competent national structures with a view to: To promote high standards in border services; To promote dignified treatment of all individuals wanting to cross borders; To create beneficial conditions for social, economic and cultural development; To foster common spaces of freedom, security and justice in the osce area; To ensure security of the international transport circuit for supply of commodities.
End of Presentation Workshop on Illegal Traffic Bratislava, 3-5 October 2006
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