Presentation on theme: "CAP SECTION OCHA-GENEVA"— Presentation transcript:
1CAP SECTION OCHA-GENEVA FLASH APPEALS and CERFCAP SECTIONOCHA-GENEVA
2What is a Flash Appeal?Part of the Consolidated Appeals Process, the humanitarian sector’s main tool for coordination, strategic planning and programming.A tool that provides an overview of urgent life-saving needs, within a week of the emergency's onset.Contains rapid needs assessment information, a common humanitarian action plan, and specific sectoral response plans and projects.Addresses acute needs for up to six months (and can be developed into a consolidated appeal if the emergency continues beyond six months).
3What is the Flash Appeal's rationale? To avoid competing and overlapping appeals;To provide a framework for strategic, coordinated, and inclusive programming;To serve as an inventory or catalogue of priority humanitarian project proposals, and a barometer of funding response.
4What warrants an Appeal? Any crisis or disaster needing humanitarian response that (a) exceeds the capacity of the affected country government, and (b) exceeds the capacity and/or mandate of any one UN agency.
5GA Resolution 46/182 :“For emergencies requiring a consolidated response, the Secretary-General should ensure that an initial Consolidated Appeal covering all concerned organisations of the system, prepared in consultation with the affected State, is issued within the shortest possible time…”The Flash Appeal was subsequently developed by the IASC as a short, quick version of the consolidated appeal.Notice that consolidated appeals are not optional, they are mandatory for any emergency requiring a consolidated response.
6Who is involved?Resident Coordinator / Humanitarian Coordinator (leading the process, with OCHA’s support)UN AgenciesRed Cross/Red Crescent MovementNGOs (international and local)Donors (field office reps)Affected country government. (The appeal is done in consultation with the government.)
7Indicative Timeframe from disaster/crisis onset … Day 1UN HC/RC triggers Flash Appeal – consults IASC country team – Government consulted.Day 2-3UNCT conducts rapid needs assessment and prepares Flash Appeal.Day 4CAP Section shares draft with IASC HQs for 24 hr reviewDay 5CAP Section processes & electronically publishes the documentOfficial launch of appeal(Because all this has to happen very fast with imperfect information, flash appeals are routinely revised a few weeks after the first edition.)Flash appeals launched this quickly after the onset of disaster are normally revised about 1 or 2 months after launch, to take new information in account, and to add more detailed recovery projects.)
81st/2nd editions:Compromise between speed and precision: no one expects the early first edition to be comprehensive. You’re only expected to do the best you can with the fragmentary info available, plus good inference.The second edition (or revision) is prepared when better info is available—usually 4-6 weeks later. It includes more early recovery.
9Content of a Flash Appeal Executive SummaryContext and Humanitarian Consequences / NeedsResponse Plans per sector(incl. project summaries)Roles and ResponsibilitiesTables of project funding requirements (per agency, per sector, etc.)
11Is Flash Appeal funding channelled through OCHA? No…In most cases, agencies negotiate their funding directly with donors. In funding terms, the appeal therefore serves as an inventory of project proposals.?$CERF is the exception. Also, there occasionally are pooled funds managed by the RC/HC, supported by OCHA. But most business is done directly between donor and agency.
12Sector leads have a crucial role : Leading rapid needs assessmentsSetting sectoral strategy and prioritiesGathering project proposals inclusively (incl. NGOs), but also…Vetting projects ‘ruthlessly.’ALL VERY FASTNOTE: Capacity in CTs to do this fast enough is often lacking if they don’t have humanitarian experience. Global cluster leads need to help.
13Your job as Sector leads re appeal projects : Get all actors to the table.Identify highest-priority needs, and make sure projects are proposed that cover those. (These form the top-priority projects in the appeal.)Gather other proposals and filter them, applying criteria of relevance to need, feasibility (within timeframe, agency capacity, & operating environment), etc.Try to stimulate proposals to fill gaps. Call in more capacity if needed.
14CERF = source of funds, i.e. donor Flash Appeal = strategic response plan which includes a set (“catalogue”) of projects and request for fundsCERF = source of funds, i.e. donorSo in this way, the Flash Appeal acts as a catalogue of projects, from which the HC (in consultation with CT) selects the highest priority for CERF funding. NOTE: CERF is not supposed to be a pooled fund, with something for everyone. It’s restricted by mandate to the highest priority projects.
15Relationship between CERF Rapid Response Window and Flash Appeals: Situations requiring CERF funds should normally also generate a Flash Appeal. The HC allocates available CERF funds to the highest-priority FA projects.CERF provides the initial injection of funds for the most urgent life-saving projects in the Flash Appeal to cover the time lag between issuance of the Appeal and receipt of commitments and funds from donorsIdeal: Simultaneously prepare Flash appeal and prioritize projects within it for CERF funding; show CERF allocations in summary financial tables within Flash Appeal document (if already decided).The CERF and the CAP are complementary. The CERF does not compete with the CAP, and vice versa. CERF funds mostly go to projects in the coordinated framework of CAPs in the least-funded crises, and to sudden-onset crises under flash appeals. However the CERF cannot fully take the place of direct donor funding for major crises. CERF resources, even if they attain the General Assembly’s target of a steady balance of $450 million, will still represent less than a tenth of worldwide humanitarian funding ($6 billion to date in 2006). Yet CERF’s successful first year of operation shows that if donors attain the target, the humanitarian system will have made a major step towards overcoming one of its key constraints: unpredictable and belated funding.
16Why do both a CERF request and a Flash Appeal? Major emergencies require a strategic plan, not a series of disconnected projects.Most emergencies need more funding than CERF can provide.Most also need humanitarian actions that are more holistic than those meeting CERF’s strict life-saving criterion.The CERF and the CAP are complementary. The CERF does not compete with the CAP, and vice versa. CERF funds mostly go to projects in the coordinated framework of CAPs in the least-funded crises, and to sudden-onset crises under flash appeals. However the CERF cannot fully take the place of direct donor funding for major crises. CERF resources, even if they attain the General Assembly’s target of a steady balance of $450 million, will still represent less than a tenth of worldwide humanitarian funding ($6 billion to date in 2006). Yet CERF’s successful first year of operation shows that if donors attain the target, the humanitarian system will have made a major step towards overcoming one of its key constraints: unpredictable and belated funding.
17Roles and Responsibilities: Rapid Response RC/HC convenes CT meeting to discuss needs & response gaps, and to set priorities for CERF funding; RC/HC selects projects based on needs and formally submits the grant request package to the ERCERC approves an allocation (usually a percentage of the overall requirement for the emergency response) and requests a grant package from the RC/HCIn consultation with the Country Team and based on needs assessments, RC/HC triggers Flash Appeal and requests CERF funds for priority life-saving needsERC approves project proposals in grant request package, and funds are disbursed to each agency HeadquartersWho does what, in what order?ERC may also be pro-active and urge HCs/RCs and CTs to consider use of the CERF.Critical role for IASC CTs: include NGOs in planning and assessment. Ensure agencies that can react immediately will get funding.Important: forward disbursement of funds to implementing partners e.g. NGOs so that programs can be implemented immediately and w/in the 3 month limit.** Project Prioritization and Selection is a field-driven process led by the RC/HC. Agencies cannot submit proposals directly to the ERC. **
18Example of Flash Appeal project box UNHCRKEN-06/F02Project title: Refugee feeding programmeObjectives: Timely and adequate food is available for new refugee arrivals, particularly vulnerable groups.Implementation: Wet feeding at the border towns for new arrivalsBeneficiaries – 80,000 persons$79,994Less CERF allocation $33,878Net requirements: $46,116
19Consolidated AppealA Consolidated Appeal is, basically, a longer version of a Flash Appeal (usually 12 months), for longer-term crises, offering more analysis and detail.
20Disaster/FA/CERF FA title Disaster Date N.of days Disaster to FA CERF to FABolivia18 Jan 073512Peru15 Aug 0713-6Nicaragua4 Sep 0710Dom. Rep29 Oct 0782Bolivia FA Disaster Date FA Launch Date CERF dateDominican Republic Disaster Date FA Launch Date CERF dateNicaragua FA- Disaster Date FA Launch Date CERF datePeru Earthquake FA- Disaster Date FA Launch Date CERF date
21UN/IOM and NGOs in FA Bolivia, Nicaragua, Peru, Domenican Republic Appealing Org.$RequestedReceived% coverageNGOs2,877,4581,014,09935%UN Agencies & IOM104,919,78139,494,22038%TOTAL107,797,23940,508,419Domenican Republic (CRS requested 60,000$ received 0 as of 28Nov 07)Peru (4 NGOs, 5 projects requesting 2,8 mil received 1 mil)In 2005 El Salvador UN and Govt appeal, Guatemala and Guyana Floods FA (no NGO)
22Comparison of Funding to FA in 2007 Latin America and the Caribbean
23FA Funding and CERFBolivia Flash Appeal 2007:CERF 14% of reqs ( 2 mil out of 14 req) - CERF is 29% of funding receivedDominican Republic Flash Appeal 2007: CERF 22% of req ( 3 mil out of 14 req)- CERF is 97% of funding receivedNicaragua Flash Appeal 2007 CERF 12,6 % of req (4,9 out of 42) - CERF is 44% of funding receivedPeru Earthquake Flash Appeal 2007 CERF 25% of req (9.6 out of 38 req) - CERF is 50% of funding receivedTotal CERF: 18% of funding req.Total CERF against funding received in 4 FA: 50%