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Kristina Kašnik Mentor: A. Žmegač Horvat.  Austrian neurologist who established the psychoanalytic method in psyhciatry  Most known for his theories.

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Presentation on theme: "Kristina Kašnik Mentor: A. Žmegač Horvat.  Austrian neurologist who established the psychoanalytic method in psyhciatry  Most known for his theories."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kristina Kašnik Mentor: A. Žmegač Horvat

2  Austrian neurologist who established the psychoanalytic method in psyhciatry  Most known for his theories of the unconscious mind, the defense mechanism of repression, for creating the clinical practice of psychoanalysis, use of free association, theory of transference, interpretation of dreams  Redefinition of sexual desire

3  Born in the Czech Republic to a Jewish family as Sigismund Schlomo Freud  The firstborn of eight children  family moved to Vienna  entered the Leopoldstädter Kommunal – Realgymnasium  graduated  After planning to study law, enrolled into the Medical School at the University of Vienna  changed his first name from Sigismund to Sigmund  completed his one-year obligatory military service  received his M.D. with the thesis “On the Spinal Cord of Lower Fish Species”

4  married Martha Bernays and had six children

5 Freud's work can be divided into four major periods: 1. The exploration of neurosis, from the start of practice (1886) until the "Studies on Hysteria" (1895) 2. Self-analysis ( ) 3. Id psychology - elaborated the first system of psychoanalytic psychology ( ) 4. Ego psychology, involving a considerable extension and elaboration of the earlier ideas ( )

6  The importance of the unconscious mind in understanding conscious thought and behavior  Dreams are the “royal road to the unconscious”  The Interpretation of Dreams : he proposed that the unconscious exists and described a method for gaining access to it  The preconscious is the layer between conscious and unconscious thought  Many people “repress” paintful memories deep into their unsonscious mind

7 Defense Mechanisms

8  Psychosexual stages of development – libido invests itself in various erogenous zones as we age ◦ Oral stage (birth - 1) ◦ Anal stage (1 -2) ◦ Phallic stage (3 -6)  Oedipus complex – castration anxiety  Electra complex – penis envy ◦ Latency (7 - puberty) ◦ Genital stage (puberty through adulthood)

9  Id, Ego and Superego represent different functions of personality ◦ Id – genetic inheritance, reflexes, instincts, and drives that motivate us; operates according to the pleasure principle using primary processes ◦ Ego – develops in order to realistically meet the wishes of the id; follows the reality principle using secondary processes ◦ Superego – consists of conscience and ego-ideal; represents internalized values, ideals, and moral standards

10  Personal counseling with a psychotherapist, intentional interpersonal relationship used by trained psychotherpists to aid a client or patient in problems of living  Psychotherapists employ a range of techniques  First used around 1890

11  Forms : spoken conversation, written word, artwork, drama, narrative story, music.. Systems: 1. Psychoanalytic 2. Cognitive behavioral 3. Psychodynamic 4. Existential 5. Humanistic 6. Brief 7. Systemic 8. Transpersonal

12  Developed in the late 1800s by Sigmund Freud  Explores the dynamic workings of a mind understood to consist of three parts: id, ego and superego  unconscious↦free assocaiation

13 Gestalt therapy Group psychotherapy Medical and non-medical models Cognitive behavioral therapy Exspressive therapy Body- oriented psychotherapy Narrative therapy Integrative psychotherapy Hypnotherapy

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15 Studies in Hysteria (Freud and Breuer, 1895) The Aetiology of Hysteria (1896) The Interpretation of Dreams (1900) The Psychopathology of Everyday Life (1901) Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) Five Lectures on Psycho-Analysis (1916) The Ego and the Id (1923)

16 References:  Wikipedia  #http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid= # 


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