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The 6 Traits of Writing An interactive guide for each trait! Ideas & Content Word Choice Organization Sentence Fluency Voice Conventions By The Teacher.

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Presentation on theme: "The 6 Traits of Writing An interactive guide for each trait! Ideas & Content Word Choice Organization Sentence Fluency Voice Conventions By The Teacher."— Presentation transcript:

1 The 6 Traits of Writing An interactive guide for each trait! Ideas & Content Word Choice Organization Sentence Fluency Voice Conventions By The Teacher LadyThe Teacher Lady ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

2 Ideas & Content What does this picture have to do with Ideas & Content in writing? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

3 What do I need to know about Ideas & Content? It’s all about FIDO!  Focus – Make sure your writing is focused on your main idea or thesis.  Interesting – Make your writing interesting by including unique ideas.  Details – Make sure to include details that will make the topic “real” to the audience.  Original – Make your writing original by including ideas that are unique to you! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

4 Based on what you just learned, which paragraph has better Ideas & Content? I have this fear. It haunts my dreams and causes my skin to crawl. It makes me squeal like a 5-year-old girl, not the tough teenage guy I am. I ’ ve tried to ignore it, but it still creeps back to me, no matter how I try to repress it. It ’ s not a fear of heights, pain, or even public speaking. Instead, the nature of my fear is so embarrassing, I can hardly admit to it; I ’ m deathly afraid of spiders! A thing that I am scared of is spiders. They scare my sister, too. One time, we found a black widow inside my bedroom closet. Another thing I am afraid of is snakes. Every time I am around them, I think they are going to attack me. Mr. Smith has a snake and I am afraid to go in his classroom. I also don’t like scorpions. You can find scorpions at night with a black light. They glow in the dark. Those are my biggest fears. PARAGRAPH APARAGRAPH B Write down 3 reasons or pieces of evidence to support your answer! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

5 If you guessed Paragraph A, you’re right!  Let’s see if you can revise Paragraph B to have better Ideas & Content. Just remember – use FIDO as a guide! A thing that I am scared of is spiders. They scare my sister, too. One time, we found a black widow inside my bedroom closet. Another thing I am afraid of is snakes. Every time I am around them, I think they are going to attack me. Mr. Smith has a snake and I am afraid to go in his classroom. I also don’t like scorpions. You can find scorpions at night with a black light. They glow in the dark. Those are my biggest fears. FIDO Focus Interesting Detailed Original FIDO Focus Interesting Detailed Original ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

6 Let’s share! How did you do with your revision? Let’s share out our changes we made to the Ideas & Content of Paragraph B! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

7 Word Choice “The difference between the right word and the almost right word is like the difference between lightning and a lightning bug.” --Mark Twain Discuss: What does this quote mean in relation to writing? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

8 “That summer, we went to a lake. On the lake, lots of people liked to go on boats or jet skis, which made a lot of noise. We stayed at the lake for 5 days; we went on the boat, hiked, and had campfires. At the end of our trip, I smelled because I had not showered in 5 days.” “Imagine a pristine wilderness, bursting with impossibly tall trees of every variety. Their delicate branches arch together to create a lush canopy like a row of ballerinas stretching towards each other before a recital. Beneath this green ceiling lies a vast carpet of grass. This is where my family camped last summer.” Based on what you just learned, which paragraph has better word choice? Paragraph A Paragraph B Give 3 reasons or pieces of evidence to support your opinion! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

9 What do I need to know about Word Choice? It’s all about PIVFL in your words  Precision – Use the right word, not almost the right word.  Imagery – Show the reader what you mean by using colorful words to describe your subject.  Variation – Use a variety of different words; don’t repeat words too often.  Figurative Language – Use similes, metaphors, personification, and hyperbole when appropriate. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

10 If you guessed Paragraph B, you’re right!  Let’s see if you can revise Paragraph A to have better Word Choice. Just remember – use PIVFL as a guide! “That summer, we went to a lake. On the lake, lots of people liked to go on boats or jet skis, which made a lot of noise. We stayed at the lake for 5 days; we went on the boat, hiked, and had campfires. At the end of our trip, I smelled because I had not showered in 5 days.” PIFVL Precise Imagery Variation Figurative Language PIFVL Precise Imagery Variation Figurative Language ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

11 Let’s share! How did you do with your revision? Let’s share out our changes we made to the Word Choice of Paragraph A! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

12 Organization Discuss: What does this graphic make you think of when it comes to writing? How does it relate to organization? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

13 What do I need to know about Organization? It’s all about PHOT!  Parts – Make sure your piece of writing has all the parts it should. For example, if you’re writing an essay, it should have an introduction, 3 body paragraphs, and a conclusion.  Hook –Make sure to get the reader interested right away by using a lead to “hook” him or her.  Order – Make sure you’ve put your paragraphs in an order that makes sense.  Transitions – Use transition words to move smoothly from one idea to the next. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

14 Ways to “hook” your reader: * Tell an anecdote or short story that goes with the topic you’ll be writing about. * Use a simile or metaphor to compare your topic to something more familiar to the reader. (My future is an unpaved road stretching before me.) * Use a startling statistic. * Use and explain a thoughtful quote. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

15 Ways to “hook” your reader: * Have your reader put him or herself in the story or situation. (For example, “Imagine coming home after school and finding your house burned to the ground. That is what deforestation is like to thousands of species of animals worldwide.”) * Start in the middle of the story. (Crash! My bike slammed into the car and my limp body flew through the air.) * Ask your reader a thought-provoking question. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

16 Common transitions: FirstBecause NextSince ThenBefore FinallyConsequently In conclusionTherefore PrimarilySecondly Most importantlyAfter ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

17 Make a peanut butter sandwich in a couple of steps. Take peanut butter and put it on bread. Take some jelly and put it on another piece of bread. Put the two pieces of bread together. Cut it in half if you want. Clean up your mess. Eat it. Yum! Imagine making your very own fruit smoothie, like you’d buy at the mall. It’s easy if you follow a few simple steps. First, choose the fruit, juice, and flavor of yogurt that you want. Next, scoop the yogurt and fruit into a blender. Add a few ice cubes for an added crunch. After you’ve put all the ingredients in the blender, turn the blender on high for about 30 seconds. Finally, pour the delicious concoction into a glass and enjoy! Based on what you just learned, which paragraph has better Organization? Paragraph A Paragraph B Give 3 reasons or pieces of evidence to support your opinion! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

18 If you guessed Paragraph B, you’re right!  Let’s see if you can revise Paragraph A to have better Organization. Just remember – use PHOT as a guide! Make a peanut butter sandwich in a couple of steps. Take peanut butter and put it on bread. Take some jelly and put it on another piece of bread. Put the two pieces of bread together. Cut it in half if you want. Clean up your mess. Eat it. Yum! PHOT Parts Hook Order Transitions PHOT Parts Hook Order Transitions ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

19 Let’s share! How did you do with your revision? Let’s share out the changes we made to the Organization of Paragraph A! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

20 Sentence Fluency Discuss: What do you think these words have to do with sentence fluency? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

21 What do I need to know about Sentence Fluency? It’s all about varying BLT in your sentences!  Beginning – Start sentences differently. Don’t start every sentence with “I,” “The,” “A,” etc.  Length – Use some short, some medium, and some long sentences.  Type – Use simple, compound and complex sentences. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

22 “Summer came and Dill was not there. I received a letter and a snapshot from him. The letter said he had a new father whose picture was enclosed, and he would have to stay in Meridian because they planned to build a fishing boat. His father was a lawyer like Atticus, only much younger. Dill’s new father had a pleasant face, which made me glad Dill had captured him, but I was crushed. Dill concluded by saying he would love me forever and not to worry, he would come get me and marry me as soon as he got enough money together, so please write. The fact that I had a permanent fiance was little compensation for his absence: I had never thought about it, but summer was Dill by the fishpool, Dill’s eyes alive with complicated plans to make Boo Radley emerge; summer was the swiftness with which Dill would reach up and kiss me when Jem was not looking, the way we sometimes felt each other feel. With him, life was routine; without him, life was unbearable. I stayed miserable for two days.” -- Harper Lee, To Kill a Mockingbird Discuss: Keeping BLT in mind, what do you notice about Sentence Fluency in this passage? Let’s look at a passage with great Sentence Fluency! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

23 Let’s look at varying sentence length. When do you think you’d use each length of sentence? * Fragment – “Crash!” * Short – “ I stayed miserable for two days.” * Medium – Dill’s new father had a pleasant face, which made me glad Dill had captured him, but I was crushed. * Long – The fact that I had a permanent fiance was little compensation for his absence: I had never thought about it, but summer was Dill by the fishpool, Dill’s eyes alive with complicated plans to make Boo Radley emerge; summer was the swiftness with which Dill would reach up and kiss me when Jem was not looking, the way we sometimes felt each other feel. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

24 Types of sentences: Simple – Contains one independent clause. (John and Sarah went to the beach.) Compound – Contains two independent clauses, glued to each other with a comma and a conjunction. (John and Sarah went to the beach, and they flew kites over the water.) Complex – Contains one independent clause and one subordinate clause. (While John and Sarah were at the beach, they flew kites over the water.) ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

25 “Ahh!” I screamed, as I fell headlong from the sky. Where am I? Looking left and right, I noticed an incredibly tall stone structure looming in the distance. It looked like pictures I had seen in my History textbook of the Egyptian pyramids. Incredible! Could it be? While I contemplated what had happened, I looked at my watch. It was spinning backwards, and that is when I knew I was in big trouble! I had traveled back in time to the days of the Egyptian Empire! Based on what you just learned, which paragraph has better Sentence Fluency? Paragraph AParagraph B Give 3 reasons or pieces of evidence to support your opinion! “Ahh!” I screamed. “Where am I?” I said. “Why are all these soldiers here?” The last thing I remember, I fell asleep and now I am in Great Britain. This doesn’t make sense. I fell asleep in Arizona. I went back in time to the 1940s. Maybe while I am here, I can tell Great Britain’s prime minister how to fight the World War II. There is the prime minister. I am going to talk to him. Maybe he will take my advice. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

26 If you guessed Paragraph A, you’re right!  Let’s see if you can revise Paragraph B to have better Sentence Fluency. Just remember – use BLT as a guide! “Ahh!” I screamed. “Where am I?” I said. “Why are all these soldiers here?” The last thing I remember, I fell asleep and now I am in Great Britain. This doesn’t make sense. I fell asleep in Arizona. I went back in time to the 1940s. Maybe while I am here, I can tell Great Britain’s prime minister how to fight the World War II. There is the prime minister. I am going to talk to him. Maybe he will take my advice.” BLT Beginning Length Type of sentence BLT Beginning Length Type of sentence ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

27 Let’s share! How did you do with your revision? Let’s share out the changes we made to the Sentence Fluency of Paragraph B! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

28 Voice Discuss: What does this quote mean and what does it have to do with voice in writing? Fill your paper with the breathings of your heart. ~William Wordsworth Fill your paper with the breathings of your heart. ~William Wordsworth ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

29 I hope you like your veggies, because Voice is all about PEA(s)!  Personality – Show your personality by using personal details, jokes, and favorites.  Emotion – Show that you’re committed to the topic by using words that convey your emotions!  Audience – Always keep your audience in mind and use details, examples, and words suited to that person. What do I need to know about Voice? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

30 Last weekend, my parents took my sister and I to the zoo. I saw flamingos, elephants, giraffes, and zebras. My sister tried to feed the giraffe and was really grossed out because it had a really slimy black tongue. I laughed at her. We also ate snacks at the zoo, such as cotton candy and ice cream cones. It was a really fun day. Based on what you just learned, which paragraph has better Voice? Paragraph A Paragraph B Give 3 reasons or pieces of evidence to support your opinion! January 21, the best day of my life! Why? It started out like any other day: bus, school, lunch, Specials, home. However, after school was finished, I went to my best friend’s birthday party! At the party, we ate chocolate cake (my favorite!) and drank enough soda to drown an elephant. After gorging ourselves, my friends and I flopped on the couch to watch the divine Josh Hutcherson in The Hunger Games. What a night ! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

31 If you guessed Paragraph B, you’re right!  Let’s see if you can revise Paragraph A to have better Voice. Just remember – use PEA(s) as a guide! PEA(s) Personality Emotion Audience PEA(s) Personality Emotion Audience Last weekend, my parents took my sister and I to the zoo. I saw flamingos, elephants, giraffes, and zebras. My sister tried to feed the giraffe and was really grossed out because it had a really slimy black tongue. I laughed at her. We also ate snacks at the zoo, such as cotton candy and ice cream cones. It was a really fun day. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

32 Let’s share! How did you do with your revision? Let’s share out the changes we made to the Voice of Paragraph A! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

33 Conventions Discuss: Based on this graphic, what would you fix when editing for conventions? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

34 What do I need to know about Conventions? Oink! Conventions is all about PIGS!  Punctuation – Make sure you’ve used end punctuation (.!?), quotation marks, commas and other punctuation marks correctly.  Indenting – Check that you’ve indented at the beginning of each paragraph and before any dialogue.  Grammar – Check that you have not made grammatical errors.  Spelling – Use a dictionary or spell check to make sure that you have spelled everything correctly. ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

35 Imagine a society in which everyone look’s the same? How, boaring would that be. I donut think that we should have uniforms at school because it would inhibit student’s freedom of expression some students couldn’t afford them and would make our school a boring place to be. First, school uniforms wuld inhibit students’ freedom of expression. Student’s need to be able to show who they are as individuals? Based on what you just learned, which paragraph has better Conventions? Paragraph AParagraph B Give 3 reasons or pieces of evidence to support your opinion! An overwhelming 78% of students at our school believe that cell phones should be permitted in class at our school. I agree with these students because cell phones could have academic, safety, and social benefits for our entire student body. First of all, cell phones – and smart phones in particular – could have great educational benefits. For example, imagine a student is conducting research on a certain constellation. There’s an ap for that! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

36 If you guessed Paragraph A, you’re right!  Let’s see if you can revise Paragraph B to have better Conventions. Just remember – use PIGS as a guide! PIGS Punctuation Indenting Grammar Spelling PIGS Punctuation Indenting Grammar Spelling Imagine a society in which everyone look’s the same? How, boaring would that be. I donut think that we should have uniforms at school because it would inhibit student’s freedom of expression some students couldn’t afford them and would make our school a boring place to be. First, school uniforms wuld inhibit students’ freedom of expression. Student’s need to be able to show who they are as individuals? ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

37 Let’s share! How did you do with your revision? Let’s share out the changes we made to the Conventions of Paragraph B! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.

38 Did you like this resource? Rate it and find more resources like it at my TeachersPayTeachers store, The Teacher Lady!The Teacher Lady Visit The Teacher Lady blog blog Like The Teacher Lady on FacebookFacebook Follow The Teacher Lady ’s Pinterest boardsPinterest Thanks! -- Katrina, The Teacher Lady Thank you for choosing The Teacher Lady! ©The Teacher Lady, Katrina Groen, All Rights Reserved. Clip art by in the Public Domain.


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