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CHAPTER 3: Adolescence CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 3: Adolescence CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CHAPTER 3: Adolescence CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

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4 Adolescence: (n) The transitional period of physical and psychological development between childhood and maturity Word Formation: Adolescent (n) Synonyms: teenhood / boyhood / girlhood e.g. During adolescence, the body and mind go through many complex changes, some of which are difficult to deal with. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

5 Experiment (n): an activity designed to test a hypothesis Collocation: to conduct an experiment Word Formation : experimentation (n) Synonyms: analysis (n) – examination (n) – operation (n)- procedure (n) e.g. Some scientists are now conducting an experiment to find out the reasond of hereditary diseases. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

6 Disobey (v): to neglect or refuse to obey a superior or commands, the laws, etc Synonyms: disagree (v) – misbehave (v) Antonyms: obey (v) – conform (v) e.g. Two students were punished last week since they disobeyed the rules by smoking in the classroom. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

7 Loosen up (ph. v): to relax, act less seriously; become less tense, less formal, or less restrained e.g. Our new colleague loosened up when he saw that we were a friendly group. e.g. Families who loosen up towards their children at the beginn CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

8 Chores (n): -(plural from of chore): A task, especially a difficult, unpleasant, or routine one. e.g. Washing dishes is a chore, but we can't just stop eating. e.g. Ironing and cleaning are usually accepted as chores for housewives. e.g. Chores are tasks such as cleaning, washing, and ironing that have to be done regularly at home. My husband and I both go out to work so we share the household chores CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

9 Allowance (n): an amount of money parents give kids to help them learn to manage money The amount is usually given weekly. Synonyms: allocation (n) – contribution (n) – fee (n) – grant (n) e.g. A child's allowance is his/her pocket money. e.g. In our family, an allowance is tied to completing responsibilities, such as household chores or jobs for the family. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

10 Recreational (adj): Describing something used for fun or pleasure or leisure/relaxing activities. Word Formation : recreation (n) e.g. The new sports center at the campus is a recreational area with a pool and ball fields. e.g. Besides studying, adolescents should also participite in recreational activities. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

11 Severe (adj): very bad or intense; causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm Word Formation : severely (adv) Synonyms: brutal, extreme, hard, harsh, intense, rigorous, serious, bad Antonyms: mild, minor, easy e.g. Due to her severe headache, she could not come to the party last night. e.g. If you suffer from a severe and regular toothache, you should immediately visit a dentist. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

12 Abuse (v): To put to a wrong use; to use improperly; to use for a wrong purpose or end Word Formation : Abuse (n) Synonyms: insult (v) – misapply (v) – misuse (v) – maltreat (v) Antonyms: protect (v)-esteem (v) e.g. My neighbour was arrested since he abused her friend’s child physically and verbally. e.g. Child abuse is one of the major problems in the world. Therefore, children must be protected carefully by the government. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

13 Blunt (v): to repress or weaken, as any appetite, desire, or power of the mind; to impair the force, keenness, or susceptibility. (used commonly for food) Word Formation : blunt (n) – bluntness (n) – bluntly (adv) Synonyms: reduce (v) – cut off (v) – stop (v) e.g. The smell of the soup has blunted my desire to eat. I think, I will just have a cup of tea, not a meal. e.g. The depression she is suffering has blunted her feelings. She behaves indifferently all the time. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

14 Detoxify (v): to remove foreign and harmful substances from something; to reduce the toxicity of a substance Word Formation : detoxification (n) Synonyms: clean (v) – remove (v) e.g. He was detoxified in the clinic since he took too much alcohol. e.g. Vitamin C helps to detoxify pollutants in the body. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

15 Resist (v): to attempt to counter the actions or effects of someone or something Word Formation : Resistance (n) Synonym: counteract (v) – oppose (v) Antonym: conform (v( - accept (v) e.g. The drug will help your body resist infection. e.g. Those windows can resist very high winds. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

16 Revenge (n): involves hurting or punishing someone who has hurt or harmed you. Word Formation : to take revenge (v) – revengement (n) Synonyms: payback (n) – attack (n) Antonyms: forgiveness (n) – pardon (n) – sympathy (n) e.g. The attackers tried to take revenge on the 14-year-old, claiming he was a school bully. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

17 Sober (adj): not drunk; not intoxicated; not given to excessive drinking of alcohol Word Formation : sobriety (n) - to remain sober (v) – to become sober (v) Synonym: not drunk Antonym: drunk e.g. Since she did not take alcohol at the party and, remained sober, she wanted to drive the car while returning home. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

18 Non-judgemental (adj): not critical, not passing judgment, not decisive e.g. It is necessary for parents to be non-judgemental towards children. They avoid criticizing them. Instead, they should try to understand their children. e.g. Being a non-judgemental person is very important so as to establish good relationships with people. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

19 Sibling (n): A child member at the same branch level as another child member e.g. I have three siblings, one brother and two sisters. They are in their twenties. e.g. All children of the same parent are siblings. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

20 Stuff (n): miscellaneous or various items; things Synonym: equipment – goods – objects Antonyms: unload - unstuff e.g. “What is all that stuff on your bedroom floor?” e.g. My mother got very angry when she saw all that stuff on my little brother’s room. She asked him to remove them all. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

21 Nurture (v): to nourish; to provide care; to further the development Synonyms: foster (v) – advance (v) – nurse (v) – promote Antonyms: discourage (v) – frustrate (v) – hinder (v) e.g. Teachers should nurture their students' creativity. e.g. You have to carefully nurture the vines if you want them to produce good grapes. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

22 Parental control (n. phr.): control by the parents e.g. Parental control is necessary in order to set limits to the children who use the Internet. e.g. The govenment is working on a project about the parental control for the use of the Internet sites. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

23 After You Read (p.51) Answers: 1a Sentences one or two 1b Sentences three and four 1c Sentences five, six and seven 2a Or 2b Additionally 3a Whwn adolescence is viewed in biological terms 3b When adolescence is viewed from a psychlogical perspective 3c Looking at adolescence as a social stage CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

24 Preparing to Read p.52 1. Girls start their growth spurt earlier than boys 2. Girls stop growing earlier than boys. 3. Boys gain more height during their growth spurt than girls CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

25 Skimming for main ideas (p.52) 1. 4 a 5 b 3 c 2 d CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

26 After You Read (p.55) Reading for detail Task 1 2a An early-maturing girl has many advantages 3b A late-maturing gilr does not suffer as many disadvantages as a late maturing boy. 1c Best is to be an early-maturing male (end of para. 5) 4d Worst is to be a late-maturing boy CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

27 After You Read (p.55) Language Focus: Gerunds as subjects 1. Being a late bloomer can have many disadvanages for a boy. 2. Reachşng puberty early is often an advantage for a girl. 3. Maturing late is not always a disadvantage for a girl. 4. Being an early bloomer can have a very positive effect on self-esteem for a boy. CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

28 Preparing to Read (p.64) 1. Accidents 2. Murder 3. Suicide 4. Disease (This is to be inferred) CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

29 Skimming for main ideas (p.64) 2 a 3 b 1 c CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

30 After You Read (p.67) Task 1 Reading for Detail 1 b 2 c 3 (Wording will vary): (1) know that teenage suicide is a real problem (2) bring discussion of suicide into the open (3) learn the signs of impending suicide (4) peers must be educated to be good listeners (5) peers must be able to suggest therapy for friends comtemplating suicide CANKAYA UNIVERSITY - OFFICE OF BASIC AND ELECTIVE COURSES- ENGLISH UNIT

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