Presentation on theme: " Oath – taken by all surgeons upon becoming doctors Body – made up of different humors (fluids)- these determine personality traits Explains processes."— Presentation transcript:
Oath – taken by all surgeons upon becoming doctors Body – made up of different humors (fluids)- these determine personality traits Explains processes such as bloodletting, vomitariums, etc.
Yellow Bile- Associated with choleric, quick tempered disposition Blood- Connected w/ sanguine, warm or cheerful temperament (rosy cheeks)- Santa Phlegm- Phlegmatic or sluggish and cool disposition Black Bile- Melancholy, sad, thoughtful
Indexed 18,000 human traits – personality traits Traits can be inherited + are fixed in the nervous system Traits are the building blocks of personality.
Focuses on relationships between 2 personality dimensions Introverts- imaginative + look inward rather than to other people for ideas Extroverts- Active + self expressive+ gain energy from interacting w/others.
Extroversion-assertiveness v. silence Agreeableness-kindness + trust v. selfishness Conscientiousness-organized, thorough v. carelessness Emotional Stability- Reliability and Coping v. moodiness. Openness to experience- Contrasts curiosity + imagination with shallowness.
Conscious vs. Subconscious Psychoanalysis- talk about what is on your mind Dream Analysis- people experience their unconscious wishes in dreams.
Id- represents basic drives such as hunger, demands pleasure through instant gratification. (pleasure principle) Ego- stands for reason and good sense, we can’t always get what we want. (reality principle) Superego- Incorporates standards & values of parents, this provides us with our moral sense. (moral principle)
Repression- removes anxiety causing ideas from conscious awareness by pushing them into the subconscious. Teakettles- We repress or fight back urges such as aggression, because they are socially unacceptable.
Distort the facts or truth in a different manner Use of self deception to justify unacceptable ideas or behaviors. “ I beat you up to make you tougher.”
The transfer of an idea or impulse from a threatening or unsuitable object to a less threatening object. A student gets yelled at in school, and goes home to yell at his brother.
Under a great deal of stress one will return to behavior of an earlier stage of development. Adolescent may pout or cry when not allowed to go out with friends. A divorcee may spend a great amount of time with his/her parents before he/she is back on their feet.
People project unacceptable impulses or character traits of their own onto other people. People see their own faults in other people. Easier to look at weakness in others and less at your own faults.
Act contrary to their genuine feelings to keep their true feelings hidden. Person may act in a passive aggressive way or act nicely to a person when they are angry at them. Person in love may act cruelly to another to keep impulses in check.
Refuses to accept the fact that anything bad or upsetting is happening to them. It can’t happen to me. Form of self preservation, mentioned in Kubler-Ross.
Channel basic impulses into socially acceptable behavior through this process. Angry person can channel his hostility through contact sports.
Stages begin at birth and continue to shape human personality through adolescence. Oral Anal Phallic Latent Genital
Infants are continually exploring their world, by picking things up & putting them in their mouth. Receive main source of pleasure through their mouth & as such 1 st stage is called the oral stage. One fixated on the oral stage may later have problems with smoking, overeating, excessive talking, etc.
1.5 to 2.5 years old in general. Children can control their own bodily functions, & general issue of self control becomes an issue. Anal retentive: excessive use of self control, perfectionism, order & cleanliness. Anal expulsive: Less restrained & may be careless & messy.
Third year marks the Phallic Stage Young girls & boys notice the differences between the two sexes & become focused on their own bodies. Child may develop a strong attachment to the parent of the opposite sex. (same sex parent as a rival for the other parent’s affections)- Oedipus Complex/Electra Complex
Age five or six – children in conflict with parents for several years. At 5-6, they retreat from conflict & repress all aggressive urges. Latency stage – means hidden, emotions remain unconscious & repressed.
Most enter this stage of development at puberty. Adolescent does not encounter any new psychological conflicts at this time. He/she does become more aware of gender identity. (earlier conflicts resurface.)
Colleague of Freud Fell out of favor with Freud, developed his own theories Analytic Psychology- Greater emphasis on the influences of religion & mysticism.
Like Freud, he was intrigued by the unconscious processes. Collective Unconscious- Store of human concepts shared by all people across all cultures.
Structural components of the collective unconscious are basic and primitive concepts called archetypes. Archetype- Ideas and images of the accumulated experience of all human beings.
Supreme Being Young Hero Nurturing Mother Wise Old Man Hostile Brother Fairy Godmother/Wicked witch
Unconscious- often appear in dreams, they influence our thoughts and feelings. They form a foundation on which our personality develops. Despite this, he granted more importance to conscious thoughts.
Thinking Feeling Intuition Sensation
All 4 exist in every individual’s subconscious Individuals are defined by the function that becomes his/her primary form of expression. (thinker v. seer)
Jung- People can form healthy personalities by bringing together these conscious elements with the collective unconscious archetype. Many people enter Jungian analysis to examine their dreams & work toward individuation.
Follower of Freudian psychoanalyis People are motivated to overcome feelings of inferiority. To describe these feelings of inadequacy and insecurity, he coined the term inferiority complex.
Based on physical problems & the need to compensate for them. Adler himself suffered from Rickets & Pneumonia as a child. Napoleanic Complex is very common among men under 5’7” for example.
In Groups, compare and contrast the differences between Erikson’s stages of development with Freud’s. 1 Group- support & defend Erikson’s arguments as being more sound and valid than Freud. 1 Group – support & defend Freud’s arguments as being more sound and valid than Erikson’s.